Publications

IJC publications contain both board and corporate documents, including reports, fact sheets, infographics, and presentations. Contractor reports are created on behalf of or in coordination with the IJC or its boards by a separate entity, including individuals, companies, and governments. Government reports are documents developed by US or Canadian local/provincial/state/federal government that are of interest to the IJC or board.

IJC Content

Displaying 1 - 50 of 61.

Date
Precis
In January 2019, the Committee published its 2018 phase one report that recommended the development of a Great Lakes groundwater and surface water conceptual framework. The latest report from the Great Lakes Science Advisory Board-Research Coordination Committee describes the scientific, technical...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
In 2021 the WQB produced a report on the topic of decommissioning nuclear power plants in the Great Lakes basin, which identified potential opportunities in the decommissioning process to reduce threats to the Great Lakes environment. The WQB recommends binational alignment of Canada and US...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Reports The Great Lakes Water Quality Board completed its third Great Lakes Regional Poll in 2021. The 2021 Great Lakes Regional Poll results provide a snapshot of Great Lakes residents' views on topics including: the importance to protect the Great Lakes environmental health and water quality, and...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
View the online version of the Phase 1 report and related content, or open the PDF version, below.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This document provides the collective wisdom of the 18 member Public Advisory Group in terms of summarizing their contribution to the Phase 1 effort of the Expedited Review of Plan 2014, the challenges and limitations of the process and their recommendations for future public engagement.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The connecting waters are vital links in the economic and ecological network of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River system, but they are threatened by multiple stressors. Present monitoring activities are insufficient to adequately inform the management of these connecting waters. The Great Lakes...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The Health Professionals Advisory Board conducted a proof-of-concept pilot study to assess whether it is feasible to collect comparable, binational water quality and population health data for locations around the Great Lakes, and whether such data could be used to generate conclusions and examine...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
In 1913, a ground-breaking IJC monitoring study linked untreated sewage pollution to widespread disease in the Great Lakes. One hundred years later, the question remains whether nearshore fecal bacterial/microbial water quality is getting better or worse. While technology to prevent and track this...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This paper describes a flexible strategy developed by the GLAM Committee for the on-going evaluation and improvement of the regulation plans through the use of adaptive management. Adaptive management is a structured, iterative cycle for improving actions through long-term monitoring, modelling, and...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
2019 Report In 2019 the WQB produced a report on the topic of manure management for animal feeding operations, which reviewed practices and policies in the state and provincial jurisdictions in the Great Lakes. The recommendations included in the report have been identified as priority actions for...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
An environmental stressor is any factor whose presence adversely affects individuals, populations, or ecosystems. Often but not necessarily the result of human activities, examples include many different pollutants, excess nutrients, habitat loss and invasive species. Recognizing that interactions...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
2020 Report In June 2020, the International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board (SAB) completed a report entitled Understanding Declining Productivity in the Offshore Regions of the Great Lakes. The report includes a number of findings and a recommendation aimed at improving coordination...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (the Agreement) charges the International Joint Commission (IJC), supported by its Great Lakes advisory boards, with several responsibilities including identification of emerging issues facing the Great Lakes. To help fulfil this responsibility the IJC’s Great...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
On November 5th, 2019, the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee, a sub-committee of the International Joint Commission's (IJC) International Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River Board (ILOSLR Board) hosted a meeting in Montreal, QC. The intent of the meeting was to gather...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Annex 10 (Science) of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement assigns the International Joint Commission (IJC) and its Science Advisory Board (SAB) a role in providing input to the Parties on priority science issues on a three year basis. The Parties’ initial Draft Priorities for Science and Action...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The purpose of this document is to compile unbiased background information about nuclear energy production, the nuclear regulators, the decommissioning process, radioactive waste management, and status of the nuclear power facilities in the Great Lakes basin. The background report is also...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This report presents the findings and recommendations of the project, Use of Modeling Approaches to Affect Nutrient Management through Adaptive Management, led by the International Joint Commission's (IJC) Great Lakes Science Advisory Board - Research Coordination Committee (SAB-RCC). The objective...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
In January 2017 the WQB produced a Climate Change and Adaption in the Great Lakes project summary that focused on the need for coordinated binational action in developing a climate adaption and resiliency strategy for the Great Lakes. The WQB undertook follow-up work to explore ways to advance...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The objective of this appendix is to provide the background material that was previously presented in the semi-annual reports of the former International St. Lawrence River Board of Control to the International Joint Commission (IJC). Providing the material in this manner allows the semi-annual...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This is a special report of the International Joint Commission’s (IJC) Great Lakes – St Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee covering the hydroclimate, flows and water level conditions, as well as their impacts on multiple interests, experienced in 2017 throughout the Great Lakes-St...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Priority Committee undertook a synthesis of the science related to observed and potential impacts of crude oil on Great Lakes water quality and ecosystem condition and identified additional research, monitoring and information...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This report by the International Lake Ontario - St. Lawrence River Board (the Board) describes the causes of the record high water levels in 2017 on Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River, as well as the regulation of outflows by the Board during this event. The Board is appointed by the...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
A report by the Great Lakes Water Quality Board that presents the key findings of a poll conducted in 2018 of U.S. and Canadian citizens in the Great Lakes basin related to Great Lakes Water Quality. The poll was the second conducted by the WQB and follows the first poll which was completed in 2015.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The purpose of this project was to assess the flow of information to decision makers in the Great Lakes, identify barriers to the flow of this information, and provide recommendations to the IJC and the Parties to address these barriers.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This report presents the recommendations of the Great Lakes Water Quality Board on the topic of how watershed management plans should be used to manage nutrient pollution in Lake Erie. The implementation of effective watershed management plans is an important tool in a holistic approach to reducing...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This report provides the recommendations of the Water Quality Board to address the challenges in seeking alternatives to the use of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as flame retardants, and avoiding the release of PBDEs during product use, recycling and disposal through the implementation of...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Cyanotoxins are an unfortunate consequences of harmful algal blooms in fresh water systems in both Canada and the United States. This report is a literature review of the state of ecological and epidemiological science of cyanobacterial toxins with an emphasis on its relevance to conditions in the...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The SAB-RCC, through contractors, thoroughly assessed Great Lakes indicators’ data availability and accessibility and identified potential improvement for indicators used to report progress in meeting the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement objectives.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This document summarizes the SAB’s advice to the Parties on their Draft 2017-2019 Binational Priorities for Science. This advice benefited from input provided by the IJC’s Great Lakes Water Quality Board. General comments that apply to all Agreement Annexes are presented first, followed by general...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This report presents the recommendations of the Great Lakes Water Quality Board's Legacy Issues Work Group on the topic of how watershed management plans should be used to manage nutrient pollution in Lake Erie.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The IJC identified a suite of 16 ecosystem indicators composed of 41 metrics to assess progress towards achieving the objectives of the 2012 GLWQA. In April 2014, the IJC asked the SAB - Science Priority Committee (SPC) to identify a smaller set of indicators and metrics from this existing set that...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Oraclepoll Research Limited was commissioned by the International Joint Commission’s (IJC) Great Lakes Water Quality Board (WQB) to conduct a telephone survey of residents living in the Great Lakes basin catchment area. The survey was intended to establish baseline data across an array of...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
This report provides the recommendations of the Water Quality Board's Legacy Issues Work Group, with regard to the development of a strategy by the governments of Canada and the United States to address polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the Great Lakes.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Under Article 7.1 (k) of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, the International Joint Commission has a responsibility for “providing to the Parties, in consultation with the Boards established under Article 8, a triennial “Assessment of Progress Report.” The Commission has also requested advice...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The report provides advice and recommendations of the Great Lakes Water Quality Board to the International Joint Commission on the implications and impacts of climate change on Great Lakes water quality and beneficial uses, and how address such changes.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
In late 1999, the International Joint Commission asked its Great Lakes Water Quality Board to assess progress made under the Strategy and the contribution of the Strategy toward achievement of the Agreement's virtual elimination goal. To carry out this charge, the Board convened a Progress Review...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Chapter Two - Great Lakes Science Advisory Board A summary of the SAB's activities and recommendations for the 1999-2001 Priority Cycle.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
A summary of the workshop proceeding sponsored by the Parties Implementation Work Group of the Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission in collaboration with the Great Lakes Commission held at The Michigan League Ann Arbor, Michigan March 21, 2001
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Chapter 1 - Great Lakes Science Advisory Board A summary of the SAB's activities and recommendations for the 1997-1999 Priority Cycle.
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
As part of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission charge to assess habitat alterations and recommend mitigative strategies to address concerns for aquaculture in the Great Lakes basin, a roundtable discussion of water quality impacts of Great lakes aquaculture was held on January 27-28, 1999 in...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
The International Joint Commission identified contaminated sediment as a program priority. The IJC assigned this priority to the Great Lakes Water Quality Board with the support of the Science Advisory Board and the Council of Research Managers. The Sediment Priority Action Committee was formed from...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Summary of the importance of contaminated sediment management in the Great Lakes
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Based on a Workshop to Evaluate Data Interpretation Tools used to Make Sediment Management Decisions held at the Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research at the University of Windsor on December 1-2, 1998 Full report can be found at: https://scholar.uwindsor.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Contaminated sediment remediation can be a catalyst in the turnaround of waterfronts, which is important in shaping the future of many cities within the 42 Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes basin. The IJC and its Water Quality Board have worked diligently to spread the word about this important...
Bundle name
Publication
Date
Precis
Abstracts from the Workshop on Environmental Results, hosted in Windsor, Ontario by the Great Lakes Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission, September 12 and 13, 1996 as printed in Environmental Monitoring Assessment, Volume 53, No. 1, 1998. Reproduced with the written...
Bundle name
Publication