For Release: February 10, 1999
investigate water use, diversion and removal policies
The United States and Canadian federal governments today asked the International Joint
Commission (IJC) to examine and report on the use, diversion and removal of waters along
the common border. The governments noted that "boundary water resources continue to
be the subject of ever-increasing demands in the light of expanding populations" and
that "proposals to use, divert and remove greater amounts of such waters can be
The request from governments comes in the wake of proposals to export water overseas
from Canada and litigation involving the export of water from Canada to the United States.
Both governments are concerned that existing management principles and conservation
measures may be inadequate to ensure future sustainable use of shared waters.
The need to review the management and use of transboundary water resources was raised
by the IJC in a 1997 report entitled The IJC and the 21st
Century. The IJC said such a review is needed to ensure that water and related
resources are managed in a rational, consistent and anticipatory way to prevent
"The importance of binational cooperation in addressing these critical issues
cannot be overstated," said Leonard Legault, Chairman of the IJC's Canadian Section
in response to today's request from the two governments.
"In conducting this investigation, the IJC will consult with federal, provincial
and state governments, international and regional organizations, and other relevant
sources inside and outside of government," said Thomas Baldini, chair of the IJC's
The request from the governments asks the IJC to examine, report upon and provide
recommendations on the following matters which may have effects on levels and flows of
water within transboundary basins and shared aquifers:
- Existing and potential consumptive uses of water;
- Existing and potential diversions of water in and out of the transboundary basins,
including withdrawals of water for export;
- The cumulative effects of existing and potential diversions and removals of water,
including removals in bulk for export;
- The current laws and policies as may affect the sustainability of the water resources in
boundary and transboundary basins.
The governments have asked the IJC to build on its experience, notably its study of
Great Lakes diversions and consumptive uses that concluded in 1985, and to submit interim
recommendations for the protection of Great Lakes waters within six months. A final report
making recommendations on the broader issue of U.S.-Canada shared waters is requested
within six months of the interim recommendations.
As it addresses these matters, the IJC will undertake broad consultations with all
interested parties. As a first priority, the International Joint Commission will hold a
series of eight public hearings in March at the locations below:
||Sault Ste. Marie, ON
Dates will be announced in local media and on the IJC Web Site (www.ijc.org). The
Commission also intends to hold workshops in the eastern and western border regions of the
continent to obtain advice on the questions posed by governments, particularly as they
might apply to the broader issue of Canada-U.S. shared waters outside the Great Lakes
In addition to the public hearings, the IJC invites all interested parties to submit
written comment on this investigation to the addresses below:
|Secretary, Canadian Section
100 Metcalfe Street, 18th Floor
Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5M1
|Secretary, United States Section
1250 23rd Street NW, Suite 100
Washington, DC 20440
The International Joint Commission is a binational Canada-U.S. organization established
by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909. It assists the governments in managing waters along
the border for the benefit of both countries in a variety of ways including examining
issues referred to it by the two federal governments.
More information, including the full text of the letter of reference, may be found on
the Commission's web site, at www.ijc.org.