Volume 23, Issue 1, 1998
March/April 1998

The International Joint Commission is an independent international organization established under the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909. Its purpose is to help prevent disputes over use of waters shared by Canada and the United States and to provide advice on questions of mutual concern when requested by the two federal governments. Three members are appointed by the President of the United States, with advice and approval of the Senate, and three by the Governor-in-Council of Canada, on the advice of Prime Minister.

Leonard Legault
Canadian Section Chair

Dr. Pierre Béland
Francis Murphy
Thomas L. Baldini
U.S. Section Chair

Susan B. Bayh
Alice Chamberlin



Beacons of Light -- Des Lumières dans la Nuit

This issue of Focus shines the spotlight on both inspirational activities and institutional obstacles shaping the image and work of individual Areas of Concern (AOCs) in the Great Lakes basin. Annex 2 of the 1987 amendments to the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement laid the foundation for Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) to clean up AOCs. In the 12 years since, efforts toward remediation have taken vastly different forms and have had varying rates of success in building systems to support cleanup.

RAPs are important tools for achieving the purpose of the Agreement and serve as an important step to virtually eliminating inputs of persistent toxic substaces. The International Joint Commission (IJC) has spent more than a decade reviewing and assisting in the development of RAPs and has actively expressed concern during the last few years with the overall progress to develop and implement cleanup and prevention strategies in some AOCs.

The governments and members of AOC communities have invested considerable time and effort on RAP-related activities. IJC's greatest value-added roles in the process are first, the onsite evaluations of individual AOCs and second, the sharing of important information among AOCs and throughout the Great Lakes basin about successful strategies, common obstacles and specific actions to get all AOC restoration efforts back on their feet and create the momentum necessary to move forward.

FOCUS Staff:

Frank Bevacqua, Jennifer Day
Bruce Jamieson, Designer
Doug Bondy, Columns Editor

International Joint Commission
1250 23rd Street NW, Suite 100
Washington, DC 20440
Tel. (202) 736-9000
Fax (202) 736-9015
International Joint Commission
100 Metcalfe Street, 18th Floor
Ottawa, ON K1P 5M1
Tel. (613) 995-2984
Fax (613) 993-5583
International Joint Commission
Great Lakes Regional Office
100 Ouellette Ave, Eighth Floor
Windsor, ON N91 6T3
Tel. (519) 257-6700
Fax (519)257-6740
(519) 257-6734 - for IJC reports
P.O. Box 32869
Detroit, MI 48232
(313) 226-2170

Revised: 7 April 1998
Maintained by Kevin McGunagle, mcgunaglek@ijc.wincom.net