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CANADA (Click on the different headings to open/close the related information)
Open/Close HAMILTON HARBOUR, ONTARIO
(This section includes Stage of RAP development, Beneficial Use Impairments and their delisting targets, and information on whether the AOC has been accurately mapped.)
Stage of RAP Development: 2

Are electronic maps available that include the AOC's geographic boundaries and associated sources of pollution? Yes

Beneficial Use Impairments (BUI):
(The BUI will appear underlined if a delisting target has been determined.
If underlined, click on the BUI to display the delisting target.)
Restriction on Fish & Wildlife Consumption
There will be no restrictions on consumption of fish and wildlife from the Harbour attributable to local sources.
Degradation of Fish and Wildlife Population
The fish community has the following structure:
    * Shift from a fish community indicative of eutrophic environments, such as white perch, alewife, bullheads, and carp to a self sustaining community more representative of a mesotrophic environment, containing pike, bass, yellow perch, and sunfish.
    * Attain a littoral fish biomass of 200-250 kg/ha.
    * Increase the species richness from 4 species to 6-7 species per transect.
    * Increase the native species biomass from 37% to 80-90% of the total biomass.
    * Reduce the spatial variability in fish biomass within the harbour.
    * Proposed nearshore fish community includes biomass of 40-60 kg/ha for pike/bass, 70-100 kg/ha for insectivores such as pumpkinheads, yellow perch, and 30-90 kg/ha for omnivores such as carp and brown bullheads.

Self sustaining mixed community of colonial waterbirds, with an increase of the rarer species and a reduction in the number of ringbilled gulls, including:
    * 5,000 pairs of ring-billed gulls
    * > 600 pairs of common terns
    * 350 pairs of herring gulls
    * > 200 pairs of caspian terns
    * 200 pairs of double-crested cormorants
    * 200 pairs of black-crowned night herons
Fish Tumors or Other Deformities
When incidence rates of fish tumors or other deformities do not exceed rates at unimpacted control sites that are locally relevant and when survey data confirm the absence of neoplastic or preneoplastic liver tumors in bullheads or suckers.
Bird or Animal Deformities or Reproductive Problems
When the incidence rates of deformities or reproductive problems in sentinel wildlife species do not exceed background levels in control populations.
Degradation of Benthos
* Biomass estimates for mesotrophic conditions to range from 25 to 50 g/m2 wet weight of benthos.
* Shift in oligochaete assemblages (benthic sludge worms) from indicators of eutrophic environments, to mesotrophic indicators.
* An increase in the contribution of other species in Hamilton Harbour sediment indicative of mesotrophic conditions such as midges, fingernail clams, mayflies, and the amphipod Pontoporeia hoyi.
* Reduction in oligochaete (sludge worm) density from an average 10,000 animals per m2 found in 1984 to between 2,000 and 3,000 per m2 in profundal sediments.
* Appearance of crustaceans, such as freshwater shrimp in the deep water basin and the amphipod Pontoporeia hoyi in the surficial sediments throughout the hypolimnion.
* Absence of acute and chronic toxic effects attributable to trace metals or organics in benthic macroinvertebrates throughout the Harbour and Cootes Paradise.
Restrictions on Dredging Activities
When contaminants in sediments do not exceed biological and chemical standards, criteria, or guidelines such that there are restrictions on dredging or disposal activities.
Eutrophication or Undesirable Algae
Eutrophication goals and anticipated environmental conditions in Hamilton Harbour, Cootes Paradise, and the Grindstone Creek area include:
    * Net loading targets for phosphorus, ammonia, suspended solids at the Hamilton and Burlington STPs, Stelco, Dofasco, other industry, streams and CSOs.
    * Receiving water chemistry goals for P, NH3, chlorophyll a, secchi disc, D.O., aquatic plant area, seston conc.
Beach Closings
* That Hamilton Harbour effluent to Lake Ontario not give rise to conditions which would cause restrictions on open Lake water contact sports.
* That water quality conditions in the west end and in the north half of the Harbour, be such as to permit opening of beaches and which would cause no significant restriction on water contact sports.
Degradation of Aesthetics
When the waters are free of any substance which produces a persistent objectionable deposit, unnatural colour or turbidity, or unnatural odour (e.g. oil slick, surface scum).
Degradation of Phytoplankton & Zooplankton Populations
When phytoplankton and zooplankton community structure does not significantly diverge from unimpacted control sites of comparable physical and chemical characteristics. Further in the absence of community structure data, this use will be considered restored when phytoplankton and zooplankton bioassays confirm no significant toxicity in ambient waters.
Loss of Fish and Wildlife Habitat
* Increase quantity of emergent and submergent aquatic plants in Hamilton Harbour, Cootes Paradise, Grindstone Creek delta, and Grindstone Creek marshes to approximately 500 hectares in accordance with the Fish and Wildlife Habitat Restoration Project.
* Provide an additional 10 km of littoral shore by creating 5 km of narrow islands.
* Create an additional 344 ha of lagoon habitat for waterfowl.
* Create 270 ha of colonial nesting habitat.
* Water clarity targets for the summer season (June to September) as measured by Secchi Disc: Harbour 3.0 m; Cootes Paradise & Grindstone Creek 1.0 m.
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CONTAMINATED SEDIMENT
Estimated remaining volume of contaminated sediment within the AOC: no information

Remediation to Date
Project Name: Amount Remediated: Remediation Cost:
Demonstration Project 216 m 3 no information
Windemere Bay unknown $5,000,000

Planned Action Regarding Sediment Remediation
Project Name: Amt. to be Remediated: Estimated Cost:
Randle Reef 20,000 m 3 $15,000,000
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WASTEWATER INFRASTRUCTURE
Improvements to Wastewater Infrastructure - Dollars Spent:
Cleanup Fund (CUF) / Great Lakes Sustainability Fund (GLSF) $5,000,000
Ontario $7,000,000
Hamilton-Wentworth $53,000,000
4 COS tanks completed no information

Identified Future Costs for Wastewater Infra. - Dollars Needed:
City of Hamilton Sewage Treatment Plant and CSOs $600,000,000
1 CSO tank to be completed no information
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HABITAT
Projects / Proposals / Costs:
$25,600,000 on 14 projects - CUF/GLSF
340 ha. of new habitat established
170 ha. of aquatic vegetation naturally restored in the harbour
6500 ha. protected, including 120 km. of riparian habitat and 2900 ha. of wetlands
Fish habitat management strategy implemented
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OTHER SIGNIFICANT ISSUES
Issues:
1 non-point source control project: $300,000
People can safely swim in the harbour for the first time in 50 years
Parks Canada committed $10,000,000 for a Canada Marina Discovery Centre - to be opened 2003
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MANAGEMENT
Federal: Rimi Kalinauskas
Environment Canada
4905 Dufferin Street
Downsview, ON   M3H 5T4
(416) 739-5836

John D. Hall, M.C.I.P., R.P.P.
RAP Coordinator
P.O.Box 5050, 867 Lakeshore Rd.
Burlington, ON   L7R 4A6
(905) 336-6465
Provincial: Mary Ellen Scanlon
Great Lakes Advisor
Ontario MOE
Ellen Fairclough Building
12th floor, 119 King Street West
Hamilton, ON   L8P 4Y7
(905) 521-7715
Local / PAC: Marilyn Baxter
c/o BARC
McMaster University
Room B130F, Life Sciences
Hamilton, ON   L8S 4K1
(905) 525-7111


Please Note: Values provided are intended as indicators only, and may not capture all expenditures or work done. Summary is based on best available Information. "No Information" indicates relevant information was not available at time of publication.