<1992/1993 Research Inventory>

Database Records from the 1992/1993 Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Research Inventory

BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000001
TITLE:    An assessment of the genetic variability of the Major       
          Histocompatibility Complex in the St. Lawrence Beluga whale 
          population.                                                 
OBJECTIVE:
The main objective of this study is to assess the degree of 
genetic variability of the Major Histocompatibility Complex 
within Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) populations     
residing in the St. Lawrence Estuary.  The results of this  
study will be important in management decisions.            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:   43000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ABCA              94/10/01   94/10/31         127.00   Cdn*1.27
DFO               92/09/01   95/09/30      44,450.00   Cdn*1.27
QOSEG             93/01/01   93/12/31      10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
J. Doe              ABCA
Murray, B.          McMU
White, B. Dr.       McMU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000002
TITLE:    Quantification of microbially influenced corrosion due to   
          the presence of zebra mussels on steel pipelines in Lake    
          Erie                                                        
OBJECTIVE:
To determine corrosion rates on the exterior of steel       
pipelines by physical, chemical and biological corrosion    
analysis, with particular attention to corrosion causing    
bacteria.                                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:  178920.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
BG                93/01/01   93/12/31      83,362.80   Cdn*1.27
BG                94/01/01   94/12/31      45,389.80   Cdn*1.27
BG                95/01/01   95/12/31      45,389.80   Cdn*1.27
BG                96/01/01   96/12/31      24,003.00   Cdn*1.27
BG                97/01/01   97/12/31      29,083.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Simkins, L.         MIE
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000003
TITLE:    Chemical Dynamics at the Detroit-Niagara-St. Lawrence       
          rivers.                                                     
          Chemical Dynamics of the Ottawa river.                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Evolution of carbon budget (DIC).                           
Biogeochemical cycles of C-S-O-P-N.                         
Budget of CO2 and its degassing.                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:   60000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSERC             91/01/01   93/12/31      76,200.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Veizer, J.          UO
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000004
TITLE:    Hospital Morbidity Study                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Produce cancer incidence rates and hospital morbidity rates 
on a census subdivision basis and develop GIS retrieval     
system.                                                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   94000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC-DCC           90/04/01   94/03/31     119,380.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mao, Y. Dr.         HWC-DCC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000005
TITLE:    Toxicity and pharmakolainetic studies on specific PCB       
          congeners.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Sprague-Dawley rats will be used to study the toxicological 
effects of PCB congener #28, #110 and #128, employing 90-day
subchronic studies.  Neonatal behaviour of the congeners as 
well as effects of the isomers on brain catacholamines will 
be assessed.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  285000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/04/01   93/03/31     361,950.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Villeneuve, D.      HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000006
TITLE:    Analysis of Human Follicular Fluid and Seminal Plasma.      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   80000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP-HEP          93/04/01   94/03/31     101,600.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Foster, W. Dr.      HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000007
TITLE:    Percutaneous absorption of chemicals found in the Great     
          Lakes ecosystem.                                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Hairless guinea pigs will be used to study the dermal       
penetration of chloroform using the in vitro perfusion      
technique.  Additionally, hairless guinea pigs will again be
used to study the distribution of chemicals, such as        
phenanthrene, DEHP and benzo(a)pyrene in the skin layers,   
using the same in vitro perfusion technique.                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  225000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP-HEP          92/04/01   93/03/31     285,750.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Chu, I. Dr.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000008
TITLE:    Great Lakes Basin Cancer Risk Assessment:  Protocol for a   
          case-control study.                                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The objective of this study is to examine the relationship  
between exposure to Great Lakes water and human cancer risk.
The study will focus on exposure to the Great Lakes through 
water consumption, recreational activities in the Great     
Lakes, and consumption of fish caught in the Great Lakes and
their relation to cancers of the bladder, colon and rectum. 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  323000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC-DCC           92/07/01   93/03/31     161,290.00   Cdn*1.27
HWC-DCC           93/04/01   94/03/31     198,120.00   Cdn*1.27
HWC-DCC           94/04/01   95/03/31      50,800.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Marrett, L. Dr.     HWC-DCC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000009
TITLE:    Effects on Aboriginals from the Great Lakes Environment     
          Project (EAGLE Project)                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The goal of the study is to assess the extent of exposure of
the Native people living in The Great Lakes Basin to        
environmental contaminants and the risk to health and       
well-being which this exposure entails.  The study will be  
holistic and include soci-economic, culture, life style and 
other "indirect" Health impacts of contaminants.            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: December 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:  700000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP-HEP          91/12/01   97/03/31     889,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Wheatley, B. Dr     HWC-DCC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000010
TITLE:    Analysis of contaminants in human tissue                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Determine levels of toxaphene, coplanar PCB,                
chloronaphthalenes and chlorodiphenyl ethers in human       
adipose tissue from the Great Lakes Basin.                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   80000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               89/04/01   94/03/31     101,600.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Williams, D. Dr     HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000011
TITLE:    Mechanisms of Ammonia and Chlorine Toxicity to Rainbow Trout
          Oncorhynchus mykiss (PDF11)                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To expose rainbow trout to complex conditions of ammonia, pH
and temperature measuring blood parameters to establish an  
indicator of stress.  If successful, this research could    
assist in the understanding of the mechanisms of ammonia    
toxicity in complex effluent mixtures leading to            
cost-effective treatments that would ensure the protection  
of aquatic life in the receiving water body.                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   71000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              93/06/01   95/05/31      90,170.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Westlake, G.        OMOE-WRB
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000012
TITLE:    Mechanism of the Photodegradation of Organic Pollutants from
          Wastewater Using UV Light                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To definitively assess, through bench-scale experiments,the 
value of UV light in the treatment\removal of organic       
pollutants from industrial effluents.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   70000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              93/06/01   95/05/31      88,900.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bolton, J. R.       UWO
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000013
TITLE:    Investigation of Factors Contributing to Sub-lethal Toxicity
          of Treated Municipal STP Effluents.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess the causes of sub-lethal toxicity in treated STP  
effluents that are not actually lethal.  Factors to be      
considered include influent chemicals, chemicals used in    
treatment (e.g. coagulants) and STP operating procedures.   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   96200.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              93/06/01   95/05/31     122,174.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Monteith, H.        EM
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000014
TITLE:    Nutrient Removal from Lagoon Effluents by Intermittent Slow 
          Sand Filtration.                                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Through a combination of field and laboratory studies:      
. Provide documentation on the effectiveness of intermittent
sand filtration to upgrade lagoon effluents with respect to 
the concentration of ammonia and other toxics.              
. Assess the implications of optimizing phosphorus removal  
by direct chemical addition to the filter influent.         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: November 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   45700.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              93/06/01   94/11/30      58,039.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Murphy, K.          McMU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000015
TITLE:    Lake Phosphorus Loading from Septic Systems Using Lakebed   
          Electrical Conductivity Surveys and Phosphorus Flux in      
          Leachate                                                    
          discharge Areas (ER-1877).                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To test a new lake-bottom sediment contact probe to rapidly 
locate and define lake bottom discharges from septic        
systems.                                                    
To quantify nutrient flux to surface waters from septic     
systems.                                                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   36900.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              93/06/01   95/05/31      46,863.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Lee, D.             UWa
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000016
TITLE:    Chemical Precipitation of Phosphorus in Septic Tanks        
          (ER-1851)                                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To reduce the eutrophication of lakes by the retention of   
phosphorus from domestic septic fields.                     
To compare alum, ferric chloride and lime as agents for     
removing phosphorus.                                        
. To determine the effects of chemical precipitation on     
sludge accumulation in septic tanks.                        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   56400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              93/06/01   95/05/31      71,628.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weil, C. Dr.        ACAF
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000017
TITLE:    Sediment-Nutrient Transport Dynamics of Tributary Loadings  
          of Pollutants to the Great Lakes                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate characteristics of geochemical composition and  
particulate forming of phosphorus in sediment grain size    
fractions.                                                  
To characterize and predict seasonal distribution of        
particulate sizes, sediment chemistry and temperature; and, 
to predict their effects on phosphate release from sediment.
To develop a sediment transport model and carry out a       
simulation exercise to evaluate transport and control of    
soluble, reactive phosphorus by grain size fractions and    
fluvial sediments.                                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   15000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              91/08/01   94/07/31      19,050.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mulamoottil, G.     UWa
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000018
TITLE:    Nearshore Great Lakes Trophic Status Trends.                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the long term trends in trophic status         
variables (phytoplankton, phosphorus, nitrogen) and         
relationships to environmental factors (e.g. weather, water 
levels, phosphorus loadings, zebra mussel invasion,         
fisheries management, etc.) in the Canadian nearshore waters
of the Great Lakes.                                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   30000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE-WRB          93/04/01   94/03/31      38,100.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nichols, K.         OMOE-WRB
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000019
TITLE:    Mercury in Precipitation Monitoring.                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop and test an acceptable method for routine        
monitoring of mercury in precipitation.                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:    2000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MOEE-EMRB         93/04/01   94/03/31       2,540.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shackleton, M.      MOEE-EMRB
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000020
TITLE:    Great Lakes Toxic Deposition Monitoring Program.            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the identity and concentrations of toxic       
compounds and trace metals in air and precipitation and     
quantity deposition to the Great Lakes.                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  100000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MOEE-EMRB         93/04/01   94/03/31     127,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shackleton, M.      MOEE-EMRB
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000021
TITLE:    Review and Development of Methods for Measuring Mercury in  
          Air and precipitation.                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To conduct a comprehensive literature review of mercury     
measurement methods in air and precipitation, to select and 
design a precipitation sampling unit and to fabricate,      
develop and test the performance of the precipitation       
sampling unit under field conditions.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   90000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MOEE-EMRB         92/01/01   95/03/31     114,300.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Johnson, N. D.      ORTECH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000022
TITLE:    Researching Agricultural Soils for Herbicide Resiidues      
          (1) Triazine (2) Oxyfluorfen (3) Acet Analines.             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 74
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMAF              74/04/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Clegg, S. B.        OMAF
Ripley, B. D.       OMAF
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000023
TITLE:    NSERC: Zebra mussel recruitment processes.                  
          MOEE: Zebra mussel ecotoxicology.                           
          Wildlife Toxicology Fund:  Zebra mussel - water fowl        
          interactions and ecotoxicology                              
          Dept. Fisheries and Oceans - NSERC Subvention grant:        
          Predation on and by Zebra Mussels                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Lake Erie, Zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, predation,   
ecotoxicology, recruitment, exotic species.                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:  214000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
UWi               92/01/01   96/05/31     271,780.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Blais, J. S.        UWi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000024
TITLE:    Monitoring Fish and Biota from Great Lakes.                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 77
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 24, 92
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC                77/04/01   92/07/24           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Ripley, B.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000025
TITLE:    Resurgence of Lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) and   
          its relationship to smelt and other factors in Lake Erie.   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Eastern Basin, Lake Erie. Lake whitefish (Coregonus         
clupeaformis)                                               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   22000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
UWa               92/07/01   94/04/30      27,940.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hardy, M.B.         UWa
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000026
TITLE:    Toxicity of Copleman, PCB in Water Basin Lake Erie.         
          Assess Sediment Genotoxicity.                               
          Ecotoxicology of Zebra Mussels.                             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify hazard of Coplanar PCBs in Great Lakes          
Ecosystem.                                                  
Develop and Calibrate Human Health Assay.                   
Determine effect of Zebra mussels on cardor plows and       
contaminant dynamics in Great Lakes.                        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  205000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
UWi               91/05/01   95/03/31     260,350.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Metcalfe C.D.       UWi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000027
TITLE:    Underwater coatings for Zebra Mussel Protection Nontoxic.   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop underwater nontoxic coatings to help prevent     
Zebra Mussels attaching to underwater pipes, pressure boat  
hulls, concrete surfaces, structures underwater using       
various silicone and Polymer coatings.                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 01, 94
TOTAL_COST:   20000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ABCA              93/01/01   94/01/01      25,400.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Milne B.            ABCA
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000028
TITLE:    Provide technical/scientific representation on specific     
          objectives work group.                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall ensure that specific objectives
for persistent toxic substances (PST), non-PSTs, tainting   
substances, env. determinants, physical conditions,         
waterborne microbiological disease vectors and radiological 
substances in the lakes are promulgated, reviewed, and      
amended as new research becomes available; and that         
ecosystem objectives for each lake are developed.           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  229000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     290,830.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Wall, G. Dr.        AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000029
TITLE:    Reduced chemical input systems for field crop production for
          improved water quality.                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identifications and control of urban/rural sources  
of land-based nonpoint source pollution.                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  308000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     391,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Culley J. Dr.       AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000030
TITLE:    Application of transport models to determine migration rates
          of agricultural chemicals through soils of the Great Lakes  
          Basin.                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  469800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     596,646.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
De Jong R.          AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000031
TITLE:    Physical chemistry parameters that control pesticide        
          persistence and leaching in watershed soils.                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  236300.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     300,101.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Gamble D. Dr.       AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000032
TITLE:    Plan for, monitor and evaluate SWEEP: Evaluate technological
          development; Effect of livestock manure application on water
          quality.                                                    
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
King, D. Dr.        AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000033
TITLE:    Fate and modelling of agricultural chemicals in soil,       
          groundwater and drainage water under farm conditions.       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  357200.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     453,644.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Patni, N. Dr.       AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000034
TITLE:    Identifies and distributions of arthropods of seeps, springs
          first and second order streams, and biomonitoring of        
          agricultural activities.                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  392000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     497,840.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Oliver, D. Dr.      AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000035
TITLE:    Transport and dissipation pathways of pesticides in upland  
          watersheds employing conventional and conservation tillage. 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  530200.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     673,354.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bowman, B. Dr.      AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000036
TITLE:    Enhanced microbial degradation of pesticides.               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  218000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     276,860.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Topp, E. Dr.        AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000037
TITLE:    Integrate soil, crop and water management system for fine   
          texture  and coarse textured soils.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall develop and implement programs 
for the identification and control of urban/rural sources of
land-based nonpoint source pollution.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  112550.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31   1,429,385.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Tan. C. S. Dr.      AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000038
TITLE:    Occurrence and fate of selected agriculture pesticides in   
          sediments.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall ensure that sediments do not   
serve as a source of contaminants to the aquatic ecosystem. 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  432500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31     549,275.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Millette,J.Dr.      AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000039
TITLE:    Regional estimates of atmospheric transfer of toxic         
          substances affecting the GLWQ.                              
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The federal government shall eliminate at source, to the    
extent possible, the emissions of toxic substances in cases 
where atmospheric deposition of these substances contributes
to pollution of the Great Lakes Basin.                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  869200.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
AC                90/05/01   94/05/31   1,103,884.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Desjardins, R.      AC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000040
TITLE:    Great Lakes Anglers Pilot Exposure Assessment Study.        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To measure the levels of PCB Congeners, other               
organochlorines, lead, cadmium, mercury and selective       
bio-markers in human blood, and mercury in hair of high and 
low consumers of Great Lakes fish in Cornwall and           
Mississauga, Ontario.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  250000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/01/01   93/12/31     317,500.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kearney, J.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000041
TITLE:    Adaptations of plants to sand dunes along the Great Lakes   
          shorelines.                                                 
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Ecology and population biology of Ammophila breviligulata   
and Calamovilfa longifolia in response to burial by sand and
browsing by white tailed deer.  Pinery Provincial Park along
Lake Huron in Southwestern Ontario and Port Burwell         
Provincial Park along Lake Erie.                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 76
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  360000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSERC             76/01/01   93/12/31     457,200.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Maun, M. A.         UWO
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000042
TITLE:    Zebra/Quagga Distribution at long point and Dreissenid      
          Mussels as food source for waterfowl.                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Inner Bay at long point; distribution and size of           
Zebra/Quagga Mussels at long point; determining Dreissenid  
Mussels as food resource for several species of waterfowl,  
from analysis of Gut samples of Hunter-killed ducks.        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
LPWWRF            91/06/01   94/09/30      12,700.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Knapton, R.Dr.      LPWWRF
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000043
TITLE:    The effect of staging and overwintering waterfowl on Zebra  
          Mussel populations at Ontario Hydro's Nanticoke Generating  
          Station.                                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Ontario Hydro's Generating Station at Nanticoke, Lake Erie; 
Determine extent and impact of waterfowl depredation on     
Zebra and Quagga Mussels in the warm water plume of the     
Generating Station; determine if size selectivity of Mussels
occurs by waterfowl.                                        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   21000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/09/01   94/04/30      26,670.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mitchell, J.        UWO
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000044
TITLE:    Role of post-metamorphic (juvenile) drifting in the         
          dispersal and recruitment of the Zebra Mussel in the Great  
          Lakes ecosystem.                                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Study the role of post-metamorphic dispersal and settlement 
in Dreissena polymorpha in Lake Erie.                       
Investigate the effect of hydrodynamics on their dispersal. 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   18300.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CMN               91/04/01   94/03/31      23,241.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Martel, A. Dr.      CMN
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000045
TITLE:    Fish Community as an indicator of St. Lawrence River        
          Ecosystem.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Evaluate the degree of Spatial Variability and Heterogeneity
in Fish Communities within the St. Lawrence River in        
Relation to Contaminants Levels.                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   18000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              92/10/01   94/10/31      22,860.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
DeLaFontaine Y      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000046
TITLE:    Bioaccumulation and Diseases Incidence in Reproducing Tomcod
          (Microgadus Tomcod).                                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Evaluate the Incidence of Fish Diseases in TOMCOD and       
investigate Causal links with contaminants levels.          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   55000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              93/01/01   94/06/30      69,850.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
DeLaFontaine Y      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000047
TITLE:    Characterization of the effluent of the Montreal Urban      
          Community Sewage Treatment Plant.                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Evaluate the contribution of the Montreal Urban Community   
Sewage Treatment Plant to the Pollution in the St. Lawrence 
River.                                                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  103800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              93/01/01   94/03/31     131,826.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Pham, T.            EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000048
TITLE:    The influence of spatial autocorrelation on the evaluation  
          of lake recovery following reductions in acid rain          
          precursors.                                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop statistical tools to evaluate the spatial        
autocorrelation in water quality series for the provincial  
and federal acid rain lake monitoring networks and identify 
the bias in the statistical evaluation of recovery following
acid rain reduction programs.                               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  150000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              92/06/01   93/03/31     190,500.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Dutilleul, P.       EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000049
TITLE:    Bioanalytical standards for industrial effluents.           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Select and promote the use standardized bioassays to        
facilitate the monitoring and control of toxic industrial   
discharges.                                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:  300000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              90/04/01   96/03/31     381,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bermingham, N.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000050
TITLE:    Biochemical bioprobes as alternative ecotoxicological       
          diagnostic tools.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Development and use of micro-bioanalytical screening tests  
exploiting the use of in vitro and in vivo biochemical      
bioprobes.                                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:  400000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              92/04/01   96/03/31     508,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Blaise C. Dr.       EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000051
TITLE:    Standardisation of an algal lethality microtest.            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Development and standardisation of an algal lethality test  
and evaluation of the lethal potential of the 50 priorized  
industrial effluents to phytoplankton.                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   23000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ABCA              92/04/01   94/03/31      29,210.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Blaise C. Dr.       EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000052
TITLE:    Fractionation techniques for genotoxic activity.            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Evaluation of extraction and fractionation technique for    
measuring the presence of genotoxic activity in industrial  
effluents, biota and sediments.                             
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   90000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSERC             91/04/01   95/03/31     114,300.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Blaise. C. Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000053
TITLE:    Joint (CANADA/GERMANY) study of comparative genotoxicity.   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Evaluate 4 "state-of-the-art" bioanalytical techniques to   
assess the genotoxicity of xenobiotics.                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   75000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              91/04/01   94/03/31      95,250.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Blaise, C. Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000054
TITLE:    Biochemical bioprobes (MFO-MT) as in situ bioindicators.    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Develop and validate the use of biochemical bioprobes       
(MFO-MT of indigenous fish species) as an ecotoxicological  
evaluation tool to assess point source contamination in the 
receiving environment.                                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  500000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              90/04/01   94/03/31     635,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Sloterdijk, H.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000055
TITLE:    Environmental monitoring using remote sensing technology.   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To characterize and map different environmental resources   
and phenomena such as wetlands, land-uses, water masses,    
industrial plumes and global water quality of the St.       
Lawrence River.                                             
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 98
TOTAL_COST:  100000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              89/09/01   98/03/31     127,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Melancon M.         EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000056
TITLE:    Environmental information dissemination using multimedia    
          technology.                                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To disseminate environmental information through CD-ROM and 
computer workstations locating in public offices.           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 98
TOTAL_COST:  100000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              93/01/01   98/03/31     127,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Melancon M.         EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000057
TITLE:    Environmental Data management and analysis using GIS        
          technology.                                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To collect and manage different environmental data and maps 
in order to analyze and integrate them for state of         
environment reporting purposes.                             
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: November 01, 88
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 98
TOTAL_COST:  100000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SLAP              88/11/01   98/03/31     127,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Melancon M.         EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000058
TITLE:    Monitoring the Effects of Environmental Disasters on        
          Wildlife Health-Samples collected from the Hagersville Tire 
          Fire 1990.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To analyze biota collected at spatial intervals from the    
fire site for dioxin and furan compounds as well as enzyme  
induction.                                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01   93/03/31      10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop, C.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000059
TITLE:    Monitoring contaminants and their effects upon wildlife in  
          the Great Lakes: VI Annual Monitoring of Population Levels  
          of Double-crested cormorants diet and deformities.          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To investigate the biology of the Double-crested cormorant  
with the intention of establishing it as a major secondary  
indicator species to the Herring Gull on the Great Lakes    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   36000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01     /  /        45,720.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh, D.Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000060
TITLE:    Monitoring Contaminants and their effects upon Wildlife in  
          the Great Lakes:  IX Biological Studies at the Hamilton     
          Harbour Area of concern.                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To monitor population levels of common and Caspian Terns,   
cormorants, Herring Gulls and Black-crowned Night Herons at 
nesting sites in Hamilton Harbour.                          
To submit for analysis, fresh Herring Gull eggs and Common  
Tern eggs collected from Hamilton Harbour during early, mid 
and lat season periods.                                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   35000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01     /  /        44,450.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh D. Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000061
TITLE:    Monitoring Contaminants and their effect upon Wildlife in   
          the Great Lakes:  IV The Osprey as a Potential Indicator    
          Species of the Biological Effects of Great Lakes            
          Contaminants.                                               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To verify the difference of contaminant levels in eggs and  
chick plasma found in 1991 between study areas on and away  
from the Great Lakes.                                       
To determine population levels and reproductive parameters, 
and to investigate Osprey biological parameters which might 
be affected by toxics in the breeding areas.                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   41000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              90/04/01     /  /        52,070.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh, D.Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000062
TITLE:    Investigations into the Decline of Herring Gulls on Lake    
          Huron.                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To complete a full census of breeding Herring Gulls in the  
three study areas for which data are available from 1989-91 
and to relate these changes to any shifts in diet and       
reproductive output.                                        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    9000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              89/04/01   93/03/31      11,430.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh, D.Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000063
TITLE:    Monitoring Contaminants and their Effects upon Wildlife in  
          the Great Lakes:  I Contaminant Levels and Reproductive     
          Success of Herring Gulls.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To collect Herring Gull eggs from 15 annual monitoring      
colonies in the Great Lakes and connecting channels.        
To reinstate the Lake Superior intensive year study from    
GLISP, i.e., to collect eggs and reproductive data for      
Herring Gulls from up to 7 additional colonies in Lake      
Superior.                                                   
To examine contaminant levels in eggs from the vicinity of  
pulp and paper mills.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 74
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   31000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              74/04/01     /  /        39,370.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh, D.Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000064
TITLE:    Biological Studies at the Severn Sound Area of Concern.     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To identify shoreline and open areas of intensive use by    
colonial waterbirds in Severn Sound and thereby provide     
information which an be used to evaluate the impact of      
shoreline development in these areas, thus protecting       
critical habitats.                                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   28000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01   93/03/31      35,560.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh D.Dr.       EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000065
TITLE:    Contaminant Levels in Colonial Waterbirds from the St. Clair
          River Area of Concern.                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine contaminant levels in eggs of four species of  
marsh-nesting colonial waterbirds from the St. Clair/Walpole
Island Area of concern.                                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   24000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/04/01   93/03/31      30,480.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh, D.Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000066
TITLE:    Biomarker studies of Colonial Waterbirds in Hamilton Harbour
          and Snake Island.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine biochemical levels of stress in colonial       
waterbird species from 1989/90 for use as a baseline        
comparison to the same stress parameters in these species in
future years.                                               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   28000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/04/01     /  /        35,560.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop, C.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000067
TITLE:    Monitoring Contaminants and their Effects Upon Wildlife in  
          the Great Lakes:  II Tracking Levels of PCB 126 Through the 
          Herring Gull Feed Web locally and Geographically.           
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine if certain PC congeners (e.g. 126)             
preferentially accumulate in wildlife from areas of intense 
activity by Zebra Mussels.                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   45000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/04/01   93/03/31      57,150.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weseloh, D.Dr.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000068
TITLE:    Exposure and Effects of Agricultural Chemicals in Ontario:  
          A Network for Reporting and Responding to Avian Die-offs    
          Related to Contaminant, or Pesticide Poisoning in Ontario.  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop a single network for reporting significant avian 
die-offs in Ontario Region to a single source capable of    
compiling information and associated details into a database
system.                                                     
To develop a method of delivering specimens from significant
avian die-offs to a knowledgeable pathologist where birds   
will be assessed for pesticide or contaminant poisoning.    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:    9000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01     /  /        11,430.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop, C.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000069
TITLE:    Levels and Effects of Contaminants on Wildlife in Wetlands: 
          Home Range and Effects of Contaminants on Snapping Turtles  
          in clean and contaminated areas.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To initiate a study to determine the rate of movement of    
contaminants from food sources into eggs of snapping        
turtles.                                                    
To measure biochemical indicators of stress in livers of    
snapping turtles in clean and contaminated areas.           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   32000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              90/04/01     /  /        40,640.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop C.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000070
TITLE:    Levels and Effects of Contaminants on Wetlands:  II The     
          Impact of Organophosphate and Carbamate Pesticides on       
          Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife in Holland Marsh.          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To use caged leopard and GreenFrog and American toad eggs to
assess the effects of OP Pesticides on amphibian development
at Holland Marsh.                                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   15400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              90/04/01   93/03/31      19,558.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop C.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000071
TITLE:    Levels and Effects of Contaminants on Wildlife in Wetlands: 
          I Reproductive Success and cholinesterase Levels in         
          Red-Winged Blackbirds and Barn Swallows.                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To continue the reproductive study on Barn Swallows which   
was initiated in 1991.                                      
To perform cholinesterase analyses of Barn Swallow chicks   
(brain/plasma) to determine the extent of exposure to OP    
pesticides in Holland Marsh.                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   15000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01     /  /        19,050.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop, C.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000072
TITLE:    Levels and Effects of Contaminants in Wetlands:  Literature 
          Review of the Levels, Effects and Dynamics of Contaminants  
          in Wetlands.                                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To produce a technical report which describes the levels,   
effects and dynamics of both plant species and contaminants 
in wetlands.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01   93/03/31      12,700.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop C.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000073
TITLE:    Mudpuppies as Indicators of Organochlorine Contamination in 
          Wetlands.                                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To publish the results of the Ontario survey and methodology
of data collection.                                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:   14000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01   92/03/31      17,780.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop C.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000074
TITLE:    Impacts of Agricultural Run-off on Wetland Communities of   
          the Great Lakes.                                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the diversity and community structure of       
macrophytes, invertebrates, birds and amphibians in three   
wetlands which receive different inputs of agricultural     
chemicals.                                                  
To measure agricultural chemicals in water and sediments of 
three wetlands in Ontario where community structure will    
also be studies.                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/04/01     /  /        10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop C.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000075
TITLE:    Levels and Effects of Contaminants on Wildlife in Wetlands: 
          Organochlorine Analysis of Eggs of Red-winged Blackbirds.   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To collect Red-winged Blackbird eggs for OC analysis from   
RAP sites on the Great Lakes.                               
To determine the inter-clutch variation in contamination for
Tree Swallows.                                              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/04/01     /  /        10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop C.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000076
TITLE:    Great Lakes Wetlands Database.                              
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Compile Catalogue of database relating to wetlands.         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:    3000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01   92/03/31       3,810.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Patterson N.        EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000077
TITLE:    Niagara River Water Quality Evaluation.                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Assess Upstream/Downstream changes in Niagara River Water   
Quality and long term trends.                               
Assess compliance with objectives and control requirements. 
Identify emerging problems as required by the 1978 GLWQA.   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC                93/01/01   94/01/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kuntz. K.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000078
TITLE:    Great Lakes Surveillance Program.                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Assess compliance with pollution control requirements and   
achievement of objectives.                                  
Provide information for measuring local and whole lake      
responses to control measures.                              
Identify emerging problems in accordance with the terms of  
the 1978 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC                93/01/01   94/01/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
L'Italien S.        EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000079
TITLE:    Lake Ontario Organic Contaminants Study.                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Investigate levels, transport and fate of organochlorine    
pesticides, PCBs, chlorobenzenes and PAHs in the dissolved  
and particulate phases of the water column at six stations  
on Lake Ontario over a 2 years period (92-93, 93-94) at two 
depths (epilimnion and Hypolimnion) and over 3 seasons      
(Spring, Summer and Fall).                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   41400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC                92/04/01   93/10/31      52,578.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
L'Italien, S        EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000080
TITLE:    St. Clair River Water Quality Monitoring.                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Assess ambient water quality and suspended sediment at the  
Head and mouth of the St. Clair River.                      
Provide water quality data for river loading estimates.     
Evaluate temporal and spatial changes in water quality of   
the St. Clair River.                                        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC                93/01/01   94/01/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Chan, C.H.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000081
TITLE:    Organics in precipitation.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess ambient levels of organic contaminants in Great   
Lakes wet Precipitation.                                    
To provide data for atmospheric loading estimates to the    
Great Lakes.                                                
To identify emerging problems as required by the GLWQA.     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC                93/01/01   94/01/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Chan, C. H.         EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000082
TITLE:    St. Lawrence River Water Quality Monitoring.                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Measure concentrations and calculate loadings of nutrients, 
major ions, trace metals and trace organics entering the St.
Lawrence River from Lake Ontario.                           
Identify emerging issues and trends as per the GLWQA.       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 76
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   60000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              76/01/01   94/01/31      76,200.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Biberhofer, H.      EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000083
TITLE:    Fates of atmospheric contaminants in Lake ecosystems        
          (including Lake Ontario).                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the importance of food chain structure in       
determining the organic contaminant (PCBs, etc.) of top     
piscivore fish.                                             
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   30000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLURF             93/01/01   94/01/31      38,100.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Taylor, W.D.        UO
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000084
TITLE:    Secondary production and allocation of energy to production 
          of the Zebra Mussel.                                        
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Quantify and explain the variation in production of shell,  
soft tissue, and gametes of the Zebra Mussel over time      
(intra-, inter-annual) and space (Lakes Ontario, Erie, St.  
Clair; two depths).                                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   22500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              91/09/01   94/09/30      28,575.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bailey, R.          UWO
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000085
TITLE:    Relationship between mutation rates in DNA of Herring Gulls 
          and exposure to genotoxic contaminants in the Great Lakes.  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess the relationship between Polycyclic Aromatic      
Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Mutation rates in Herring Gulls     
nesting in Hamilton Harbour, Chantry Island (Lake Huron),   
Pres Q'isle (Lake Ontario), Kent Island (Bay of Fundy),     
Mutation rates will be assessed by Multi-locus mini         
satellite probings of DNA Herring Gull Families.            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:   90000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CWS               93/04/01   95/09/30     114,300.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Quinn, J. Dr.       McMU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000086
TITLE:    Development and Application of Cell Culture Bioassays for   
          Measuring the Toxic Potency of Halogenated Aromatic         
          Hydrocarbons (HAHs) in Wildlife.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop and apply cell culture bioassays for measuring   
the toxic potency of complex mixtures of HAHs in Wildlife.  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   18000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ABCA              92/02/01     /  /        22,860.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kennedy, S.         EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000087
TITLE:    Biomarker Adaptation, Development and Validation.           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop a battery of clinical biochemistry assays that   
will detect organ damage and allow the use of plasma to     
assess body condition and nutritional stress in fish-eating 
birds.                                                      
To perfect methodology to detect kidney damage and assess   
avion kidney function in the field, using blood and urine   
chemistry and plasma clearance techniques.                  
To develop better methodology to detect and quantify        
developmental toxicity in birds.                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 79
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              79/04/01     /  /        12,700.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fox, G.A.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000088
TITLE:    Ultra-trace GC-MS Analysis.                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To install the new GC-MS instrument and apply it to samples 
requiring high sensitivity PCDD/F analysis; and for         
identification of new compounds.                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   20000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01     /  /        25,400.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Norstrom, R.        EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000089
TITLE:    Laboratory Services.                                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide analytical and biomarker measurements and quality
assurance, specimen bank, tissue preparation and database   
management services.                                        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   90000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              90/04/01     /  /       114,300.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Wakeford, B.        EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000090
TITLE:    Porphyria as an Indicator of Halogenated Aromatic           
          Hydrocarbon (HAH) Exposure and Toxicity.                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To carry out studies to determine the potential of porphyrin
patterns as indicators of HAH exposure and toxicity.        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:    5000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC                92/04/01     /  /         6,350.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kennedy, S.         EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000091
TITLE:    Basin-wide Health Assessment of Herring Gulls Breeding in   
          Great Lakes colonies.                                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop and establish a monitoring program using a large 
battery of biomarkers to assess the health of Herring Gulls 
throughout the Great Lakes basin.                           
To use the data for spatial and temporal comparisons which  
will reveal new concerns, identify areas for remedial       
actions, and allow the assessment of the biological impact  
of remedial measures.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 79
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   60000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              79/05/01     /  /        76,200.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fox, G. A.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000092
TITLE:    A comparative study of the Biomarker Responses of Herring   
          Gulls, Double-crested cormorants and Black-crowned Night    
          Herons in the Great Lakes Basin.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine whether biomarker responses of Herring Gulls,  
cormorants and Night Herons from the same site differ.      
To calibrate the Herring Gull against the Night Heron (the  
monitor species chosen by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service  
for their biomarker studies) by comparing biomarker         
responses observed in Pipping Night Heron embryos to those  
in adult Herring Gulls and chicks from the same locations.  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   37000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/05/01     /  /        46,990.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fox, G. A.          EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000093
TITLE:    Reproductive Success of Herring Gulls nesting near bleached 
          Kraft Pulp Mills.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the impacts of bleached Kraft Mill effluent on 
a breeding colony of Herring Gulls.                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   17000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01     /  /        21,590.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shutt, L.           EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000094
TITLE:    Contaminant Dynamics and Trends in the Great Lakes and St.  
          Lawrence.                                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the presence or absence of Methylsulfone PCB   
and DDE metabolites in Herring Gulls and their eggs as well 
as Beluga whole tissues.                                    
Determine the comparative bioaccumulation of PCDD/Fs and    
NOPCBs in Beluga whales and Harbor Seals in the St. Lawrence
River.                                                      
                                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   55000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              91/04/01     /  /        69,850.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Norstrom, R.        EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000095
TITLE:    Identification of the Risks of Agricultural Pesticide Use to
          Wildlife in Ontario.                                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To lay the groundwork for a formal risk assessment by       
determining key elements, scale of assessment and           
information requirements.                                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLAP              92/04/01     /  /        12,700.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Baril A.            EC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000096
TITLE:    The effect of selected biotic and abiotic factors on the    
          settlement of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha).         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Settle, wave and current patterns, temperature, food        
abundance, Dreissena polymorpha, zebra mussel, Lake Erie,   
Great Lakes.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLURF             92/05/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Doka, Susan E.      UG
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000097
TITLE:    Consumption of zebra mussels by invertebrate predators in   
          Lake Erie.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess predation on settled zebra mussels by crayfish    
(Orconectes) in the West basin of Lake Erie, and by the     
spiny water flea (Bythotrephes) and cyclopoid copepods on   
veliger larvae int he east basin (Nanticoke).               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   29600.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSERC             92/07/01   94/08/31      37,592.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Sprules, W.G.       UTo
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000098
TITLE:    Mechanical Filtration for Control of Zebra Mussels.         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To find a reliable method for removing all particles greater
than 40 u from small  and medium sized industrial water     
streams.                                                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:  275000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH                90/03/01     /  /       349,250.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Koopmans, B.        OH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000099
TITLE:    Acoustics for Zebra Mussel Control.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To use acoustic energy as means of killing zebra mussel     
religers of avoiding their settlement in critical areas.    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  431000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH                90/03/01   94/03/31     547,370.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Komalemski J.       OH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000100
TITLE:    Evaluation of antifouling loadings as part of Zebra mussel  
          mitigation.                                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To carry out long term field trials of loadings which are   
claimed to prevent the settlement and/or attachment of all  
stages of Zebra Mussels (Dreissena polymorpha).             
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  361000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH                90/03/01   94/03/31     458,470.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Leitch, E. Dr.      OH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000101
TITLE:    Underdeposit and corrosion.                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify the increased corrosion potential created by the
attachment of Zebra Mussels.                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  120000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH                92/03/01   94/03/31     152,400.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Brennenstuhl A      OH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000102
TITLE:    Cathodic protection of steel and concrete for zebra mussel  
          infestation.                                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To apply the principle of cathodic protection as means of   
preventing the settlement of zebra mussels on charged       
surfaces.                                                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  106000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH                92/03/01   94/03/31     134,620.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Lewis, D.           OH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000103
TITLE:    Chlorine Minimization for zebra mussel control.             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To find the optimum strategy which results in complete      
prevention of zebra mussel infestation while using the least
amount of chemical.                                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  437000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH                91/03/01   94/03/31     554,990.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Evans, D.           OH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000104
TITLE:    Cathodic production of steel - Field Trial                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To run a full scale field trial proving the usefulness of   
Cathodic protection when applied to steel control gates.    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   60000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HQ                93/03/01   94/03/31      76,200.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Lewis, D.           HQ
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000105
TITLE:    Leaching rate of copper from copper rich loadings.          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To study the rate of release of copper from copper rich     
loadings.                                                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   15000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH                93/03/01   94/03/31      19,050.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Leitch, E. Dr.      OH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000106
TITLE:    Zebra Mussels and Abundance and Distribution of Juvenile    
          Fish in Western Lake Erie.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To measure the distribution, abundance and growth and diet  
of a number of juvenile fish species in Western Lake Erie   
and to relate these measurements to the abundance of adult  
and larval zebra mussels.                                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nepszy, S.          OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000107
TITLE:    Zebra Mussels and Abundance and Distribution of Larval Dish 
          in Lake Erie.                                               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To measure the distribution, abundance and growth of a      
number of larval fish species in Western and West-Central   
Lake Erie.  Field collections are carried out in conjunction
with plankton sampling to determine what food sources are   
available for the larval fish.                              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      12,700.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nepszy, S.          OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000108
TITLE:    Walleye spawning and Egg Survival in Lake Erie.             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To attempt to determine if colonization by zebra mussels    
will affect walleye spawning success.  The field component  
will examine the spawning shoals in Western Lake Erie to    
assess if they are being utilized and whether eggs that are 
being deposited on these colonized shoals are surviving.    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    4000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31       5,080.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nepszy, S.          OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000109
TITLE:    Population Dynamics of zebra mussels in Lake Erie and their 
          Impacts on Lower Trophic Levels.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To collect and interpret data on the abundance and          
distribution of Larval and adult zebra mussels in Lake Erie.
The objectives are:                                         
1. to quantify the invasion with data on larval abundance,  
settling rates, growth rates and population structure of    
adults and                                                  
2. to measure impacts on lower Trophic levels with data on  
transparency, standing crop of phytoplankton and            
zooplankton.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   36000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      45,720.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Leach, J.           OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000110
TITLE:    Productivity of Boreal Forest Lakes.                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the inherent productivity of small lakes of the
precambrian shield.                                         
To provide rapid assessment techniques and refine current   
productions of fish yields.                                 
To provide environmental objectives for small lakes as      
targets for rehabilitation.                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   33400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      42,418.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Ryder, R. A.        OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000111
TITLE:    Fish Yields from Rivers and Streams.                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine a conceptual basis for estimating the          
productivity of Ontario's streams and rivers.               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   19000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      24,130.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Ryder, R. A.        OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000112
TITLE:    Lake Erie Fish Population and Community Dynamics.           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Bioenergetics of walleye reproduction in Lake Erie and the  
Thames River.  Temporal and spatial distribution of walleye 
in Lake Erie Recruitment of walleye in Lake Erie.           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   23500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      29,845.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Henderson, B.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000113
TITLE:    Stock Assessment and Genetics.                              
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Application of various methods (electrophoresis,            
physiological performance tests) to identify and            
characterize individual stocks of important Ontario sport of
commercial species of fish.  Develop new methods for        
assessment of biodiversity of fish stocks such recombinant  
DNA techniques.  Facilitate assessment of impacts of        
stresses on stocks and develop methods to choose/develop new
stocks for rehabilitation and stocking study impacts of     
movements of fish from adult transfers, yearling, fry       
planting of genetically marked selected high variability    
hatchery reared stocks.  Evaluate the potential of early    
embryo vs. yearling plants of lake trout stocks.  Methods   
are under development (allozyme, mtDNA) to differentiate    
between indigenous stocks and stocks derived from hatchery  
plantings.                                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   25500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      32,385.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Ihssen, P.          OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000114
TITLE:    Resource Assessment.                                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To analyze historical creed and index fishing data to       
evaluate the effectiveness of survey designs and methods,   
the result will                                             
i) provide information needed to design more efficient creed
surveys and ii) provide information about measures useful   
for comparing species abundance among lakes.                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      13,335.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Lester, N.          OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000115
TITLE:    Index Fishing.                                              
OBJECTIVE:
Through experimental investigation of index fishing methods 
to identify the net set duration that produces the most     
precise index of abundance, given a fixed cost.  Results are
needed to propose efficient netting methods for use by      
Assessment Units and District Biologists.                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    5000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31       6,350.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Lester, N.          OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000116
TITLE:    Toxicology - Reproductive Database.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Enlarge the current database on reproductive endpoints,     
develop two TOPKAT Structure-Activities (SAR) model(s) and  
inform possible users of the availability of the database   
and models. (year 1 of 2).                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   70000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      88,900.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Riedel, D.          HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000117
TITLE:    Cancer Case Control Study.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Initiate a case-control study on newly developed cases of   
cancer of the stomach, colon, rectum and bladder and from   
population controls in 1992 and 1993 to determine the causal
associations, if any, between exposure to Great Lakes       
pollutants and these cancer sites. (Year 1 of 3).           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   52000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      66,040.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mao, Y. Dr.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000118
TITLE:    Respiratory Hospitalization Rates.                          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Compile adjusted respiratory hospital admission rates for   
each census subdivision in Ontario and integrate these rates
with corresponding levels of ambient air pollutants. (year  
1).                                                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   25000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      31,750.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Burnett, R.T.       HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000119
TITLE:    Human Exposure Modelling.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Assess the utility of linking current exposure and          
pharmacokinetic models for estimating human exposure and    
uptake of environmental contaminants. (Year 1 of 1).        
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   35000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      44,450.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cuff/Jessiman       HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000120
TITLE:    Ecosystem Indicators.                                       
OBJECTIVE:
Review and test indicators developed for the "Human Health  
Objective" and develop indicators for the "Stewardship      
Objective" proposed by the Binational Ecosystem Objectives  
Working Group. (Year 1 of 2).                               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Gilman/Rae          HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000121
TITLE:    Port Hope.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Carry out a combined radiological impact assessment for the 
current population of Port Hope from all past and present   
fuel cycle activities and from all pathways.  (year 1 of 2) 
Bureau of Radiation and Medical Devices lead.               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Tracey, B. I.       HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000122
TITLE:    Spatial and Temporal Hair Mercury Levels.                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Analyze spatial and temporal trends of hair mercury levels  
from native people in the Great Lakes basin (Medical        
Services Branch database 1971-1990). (Year 1 of 2).         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    6000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31       7,620.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kearney             HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000123
TITLE:    Human Adipose Tissue From G. L. Cities.                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Begin trend studies by collection of human adipose tissue   
samples from those municipalities in the Great Lakes Region 
for which tissue samples were collected 9 to 12 years       
previously. (Year 1 of 2).                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   20000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      25,400.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Williams, D.        HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000124
TITLE:    Dietary Exposure in an Immigrant Population.                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Initiate a study to assess the exposure of an immigrant     
population to Great Lakes contaminants and to advise the    
community of potential risks to their health. (Year 1 of 2).
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   28250.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      35,877.50   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Riedel, D.          HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000125
TITLE:    Chemical & Reproductive Endpoints.                          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine effects of priority Great Lakes Contaminants on
Reproductive Endpoints. (Year 3 of 5).                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   85000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     107,950.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Foster, W. Dr.      HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000126
TITLE:    Rat Multi-generation Study.                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To conduct a multi-generation reproduction study in the rate
exposed to Great Lakes' coho salmon. (Year 3 of 5) (Food    
Directorate lead).                                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  500000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     635,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mahon               HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000127
TITLE:    PCB Congeners.                                              
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To carry out toxicity and pharmacokinetic studies on        
specific PCB congeners. (Year 3 of 5).                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  255000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     323,850.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Villeneuve Dr.      HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000128
TITLE:    Neurotoxicity of Lead and Methylmercury.                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To test somatosensory function (vibration sensitivity) in   
monkeys exposed to methylmercury from birth to adulthood (7 
years of age) and not dosed for the succeeding 7 years.     
(Year 3 of 5). (Food Directorate lead)                      
                                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   94000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     119,380.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Rice, D. C.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000129
TITLE:    Ah Receptors.                                               
OBJECTIVE:
To analyze human placenta samples from the Great Lakes area 
for Ah receptor binding characteristics and AHH activity and
correlate to pregnancy outcome (IUGR, structural anomalies).
Analyze a screened population (caffeine metabolism) of      
smokers and non-smokers with respect to lymphocyte Ah       
receptor characteristics, Ah receptor transformation and AHH
activity.  (year 3) (Food Directorate lead).                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  149500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     189,865.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Grant, D.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000130
TITLE:    Dermal Absorption Study of Priority G.L. Chemicals.         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To compare in vivo and in vitro percutaneous absorption to  
validate in vitro methodologies and test four G. L.         
chemicals. (year 3 of 4).                                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  140000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     177,800.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Chu, Dr.            HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000131
TITLE:    Biomarkers.                                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To incorporate selected biomarkers (caffeine metabolism,    
lymphocyte Ah receptor transformation analysis, urinary     
porphyrin, D-glucaric acid and microprotein excretion) into 
the Ontario Cohort Study. (Year 2) (Food Directorate lead). 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   73500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      93,345.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Grant, D.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000132
TITLE:    Priority Mutagens.                                          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To complete and establish a priority list for Great Lakes   
pollutants for which the determination of germ cell and     
heritable mutagenicity is required. (Year 2).               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  100000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     127,000.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Douglas, G.R.       HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000133
TITLE:    Tumour Promotion.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To identify potential tumour promoting chemicals among      
listed Great Lakes contaminants using in vitro mouse        
proliferin gene expression assays. (Year 2 of 2).           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   70000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      88,900.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Parfett, C.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000134
TITLE:    Reproductive Database.                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To enlarge the current database on reproductive endpoints,  
develop two TOPKAT Structure-Activities (SAR) model(s) and  
inform possible users of the availability of the database   
and models. (year 1 of 2).                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   70000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      88,900.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Riedel, D.          ABCA
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000135
TITLE:    Public Participation Strategy.                              
OBJECTIVE:
To implement an integrated Departmental and public          
participation strategy for the Great Lakes Health Effects   
Program and the Great Lakes Action Plan. (Year 3 of 5)      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   89000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ABCA              92/01/01   93/12/31     113,030.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hegan, M.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000136
TITLE:    Health Information and Advice.                              
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide health and environmental information and advice, 
in a timely and useful fashion, to individuals, communities,
groups, and industry (fact sheets, brochures, reports,      
videos, posters, displays, community and professional       
meeting...). (Year 2 of 4)                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  160000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     203,200.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hegan, M.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000137
TITLE:    Community Health & Environmental Action.                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assist communities around the Great Lakes, including RAP 
communities, with health and environmental information and  
community action techniques in a way that community plans   
and players are supported in taking appropriate and         
effective environmental health action. (Year 2).            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   67000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      85,090.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hegan, M.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000138
TITLE:    Resources For Children and Youth.                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide information and learning experiences for children
and youth to increase their knowledge and interest in the   
health implications of the state of the Great Lakes         
ecosystem, including:  (Year 2 of 4)                        
- high school, college, and university teaching materials   
- learning experiences for young children                   
- liaison with the teaching profession and school systems.  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   37000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      46,990.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hegan, M.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000139
TITLE:    Staff Workshops on Public Consultation.                     
OBJECTIVE:
To provide staff workshops, information sessions, skills    
training, newsletter (" the GLHEP Herald/Le Heraut GLISS"), 
meet-the-public events to assist GLHEP staff with effective 
communications, collaboration, and public consultation.     
(Year 2 of 4).                                              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   21000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      26,670.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hegan, M.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000140
TITLE:    Media Relations.                                            
OBJECTIVE:
To enhance the existing working relationship with TV and    
newspaper writers and producers around the Great Lakes      
health issues.  (media briefings and contracts, TV Ontario  
programming, and local newspapers and Association           
newsletters).  (Year 1 of 3)                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   34000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      43,180.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hegan, M.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000141
TITLE:    Ontario Cohort Study.                                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To perform a mid-course evaluation of the Cohort Study to   
assess the likelihood that the study can meet its overall   
aims and objectives from the results off the pilot studies  
and the Exposure Assessment study and to assess the         
reliability of the questionnaire instrument.  (Year 3 of 5) 
[LCDC lead]                                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   56000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      71,120.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Jordan, D.          HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000142
TITLE:    Hospital Morbidity Study.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To initiate the development of a user-friendly information  
retrieval system for Ontario community hospital morbidity on
a census subdivision basis. (Year 3).                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    7000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31       8,890.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mao, Y. Dr.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000143
TITLE:    Cancer Incidence Study.                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To complete an ecological analysis of cancer incidence in   
the Great Lakes Basin (Year 3).                             
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   25000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      31,750.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mao, Y. Dr.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000144
TITLE:    Cancer Case Control Study.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To initiate a case-control study on newly developed cases of
cancer of the stomach, colon, rectum and bladder and from   
population controls in 1992 and 1993 to determine the causal
associations, if any, between exposure to Great Lakes       
pollutants and these cancer sites. (Year 1 of 3).           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   52000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      66,040.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mao, Y. Dr.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000145
TITLE:    Respiratory Hospitalization Rates.                          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To compile adjusted respiratory hospital admission rates for
each census subdivision in Ontario and integrate these rates
with corresponding levels of ambient air pollutants. (Year  
1)                                                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   25000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ABCA              92/01/01   93/12/31      31,750.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mao, Y. Dr.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000146
TITLE:    Remedial Measures Binational Committees.                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To participate in Binational and Federal/Provincial         
activities (Objectives; Lakewide Managements Plans; Human   
Health Issues Committee; development and implementation of  
the Canada Ontario Agreement). (Year 3 of 5) [Lead EHD]     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   58000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      73,660.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Gilmam              HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000147
TITLE:    Program Coordination.                                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To coordinate the inter-branch Great Lakes Health Effects   
Program within NHW and with other departments and agencies  
and provide advice to senior managers. (Year 3 of 5).       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   48000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      60,960.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Gilman              ABCA
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000148
TITLE:    Health Issues - AOCs/RAPs.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop and implement Stage 1 review and Stage 2         
protocols for Remedial Action Plans and provide health      
advice for the twelve Canadian and five Canada/U.S. Areas of
Concern. (Year 3 of 5) [Lead EHD]                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   80000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     101,600.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cuff, W./Hills      HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000149
TITLE:    Toxicity Profiles.                                          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop adequate toxicity profiles for those chemicals   
which have been found in the Great Lakes Basin and which are
of significant concern from a human health viewpoint. (Year 
2) (Food Directorate Leads)                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   72000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      91,440.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Mahon, D.C.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000150
TITLE:    Commercial Fish Consumption.                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To update and expand the Great Lakes Contaminant database to
include data on contamination levels in wildlife and food   
consumption, determine potential intakes for consumers of   
Great Lakes fish and wildlife and apply known               
pharmacokinetic models to estimate body burdens. (Year 2 of 
4) (Food Directorate Leads)                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   15000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      19,050.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Hills, B.           HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000151
TITLE:    Human Exposure Modelling.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess the utility of linking current exposure and       
pharmacokinetic models for estimating human exposure and    
uptake of environmental contaminants. (year 1 of 1)         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   35000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      44,450.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cuff, W.            HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000152
TITLE:    Ecosystem Indicators.                                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To review and test indicators developed for the "Human      
Health Objective" and develop indicators for the            
"Stewardship Objective" proposed by the Binational Ecosystem
Objectives Working Group. (year 1 of 2)                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Gilman/Rae          HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000153
TITLE:    Port Hope.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To carry out a combined radiological impact assessment for  
the current population of Port Hope from all past and       
present fuel cycle activities and from all pathways.  (year 
1 of 2) (Bureau of Radiation and Medical Devices lead).     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    8000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      10,160.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Weston, S.          HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000154
TITLE:    Toxaphene/Organometals.                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To complete analyses of brominated organics, continue       
analyses of toxaphene and initiate analyses of              
organometallics in human tissue from the Great Lakes Basin. 
(year 3 of 3).                                              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   40000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      50,800.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Williams, D.        HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000155
TITLE:    Human Tissue Bank.                                          
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To establish a human specimen bank. (year 3 of 5).          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:   65000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      82,550.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Williams/Hegan      HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000156
TITLE:    Follicular Fluid Analysis.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To Analyze human follicular fluid and seminal plasma for    
priority Great Lakes contaminants. (Year 3)                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   85000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     107,950.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Foster, W. Dr.      HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000157
TITLE:    E.A.G.L.E.                                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Building on the Community base and working with the Steering
Committee and Scientific Advisory Committee established in  
1991, finalize the study designs and initiate the study.    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Wheatley            HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000158
TITLE:    Organochlorine Characterization.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Extracts of Great Lakes fish will be fractionated, the      
unknown Organochlorine Compounds will be identified and     
their toxicity determined by in-vitro and in-vivo testing.  
Human milk samples will be obtained from the Great Lakes    
Basin and analyzed for PCBs, OCs and total organochlorine   
initiated. (year 3)                                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   19500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      24,765.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Newsome, W.H.       HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000159
TITLE:    Pilot Exposure Assessment Study.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Continue a pilot study to examine the relationship between  
fish consumption levels and levels of contaminants in       
selected human tissue/fluids of people consuming            
sport-caught fish. (year 2 of 3)                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  283000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31     359,410.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kearney, J.         HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000160
TITLE:    Spatial and Temporal Hair Mercury Levels.                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To analyze spatial and temporal trends of hair mercury      
levels from native people in the Great Lakes basin (Medical 
Services Branch database 1971-1990). (year 1 of 2).         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kearney             HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000161
TITLE:    Tissue From Human Placentas.                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess the feasibility of using tissue from human        
placentas to monitor exposure to organochlorine contaminants
in women resident in the Great Lakes basin. (year 1 of 1).  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    3000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31       3,810.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Benoit, F.M.        HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000162
TITLE:    Human Adipose Tissue From G. L. Cities.                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To begin trend studies by collection of human adipose tissue
samples from those municipalities in the Great Lakes Region 
for which tissue samples were collected 9 to 12 years       
previously.  (year 1 of 2)                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   20000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      25,400.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Williams, D.        HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000163
TITLE:    Dietary Exposure in an Immigrant Population.                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To initiate a study to assess the exposure of an immigrant  
population to Great Lakes contaminants and to advise the    
community of potential risks to their health.  (year 1 of 2)
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   28250.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
HWC               92/01/01   93/12/31      35,877.50   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Riedel, D.          HWC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000164
TITLE:    Know Your Ecosystem.                                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To promote the ecosystem approach to environmental          
management in educational systems.                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/04/01   93/03/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Vallentyne, J.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000165
TITLE:    Preparation of a report on bioassessment of Toronto Harbour.
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
a) Assessment of bioavailability and toxicity of            
contaminants to biota originating from bottom and suspended 
sediments in Toronto Harbour and its vicinity.              
b) Development and application of a multi-trophic battery of
tests as structural and functional indicators of contaminant
stress.                                                     
c) Monitoring of benthic fauna community structure to       
provide a first step in determining the impact of           
contaminants to indigenous fauna.                           
d) Evaluation of sediment collection and analytical         
techniques.                                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            91/01/01   92/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Munawa, M.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000166
TITLE:    Wet Lab Overhead.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Ecotoxicology studies in the field are reduced to their     
simplest form in the bioassay laboratory (in this case the  
Wet Lab).  The field portion of Ecotoxicology Division      
depends on a facility in which controlled exposure systems  
can be used to validate the observed field responses to     
contaminant stress.  The Wet Lab provides an area in which  
to carry out experiments with a variety of test species with
access to the required support teams needed to assess       
biological responses to specific stresses.                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 77
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            77/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Blunt, B.           GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000167
TITLE:    Budget and Management.                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide management direction and secretarial support to  
the Ecotoxicology Division (W.A. 1.2) and Fish Habitat      
Studies Division (W.A. 1.) of GLLFAS.  The Director, GLLFAS,
is also responsible for allocating ship resources in W.A.   
1.1 and 1.2 in support of Great Lakes programs of both DFO  
and DOE at CCIW.  The Director also allocates the GLAP term 
Regional Director of Science.  The unit also allocates the  
GLAP term resources to Winnipeg based programs in           
consultation with the Regional Director of Science.  The    
unit is also responsible for overall co-ordination of the   
Department's commitments under the Great Lakes Action Plan  
and the Canada/Ontario Agreement.                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            91/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cooley, J.M.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000168
TITLE:    Safety.                                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide a safe working environment for the staff and     
educate and train them in areas of safety.                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 85
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            85/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cooley, J.M.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000169
TITLE:    Communications.                                             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To increase GLLFAS' profile by coordinating and developing  
on-going communications and public consultation activities. 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            91/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Paquette, P.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000170
TITLE:    Contaminant Effects On Invertebrates.                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To supply the scientific data necessary to allow a rapid    
assessment of the identity and impact of toxic substances   
(with emphasis on metals) in contaminated areas after       
measurement of contaminant concentrations in tissues and    
to demonstrate the applicability of this approach in        
selected areas where chemical impacts are suspected by      
identifying those contaminants responsible for toxicity and 
ruling out others.  This is essential before remediation    
measures can be effective.                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            89/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Borgmann. U.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000171
TITLE:    Assessment of Relevance and Threshold Exposure Levels for   
          Biological Effects of Pulp Mill Effluents.                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Development of an in vitro assay describing steroid function
in immature fish; development of a laboratory assay for     
impacts of contaminants on steroid function; establish the  
time course of steroid dysfunction (and MFO induction)      
associated with diverse environmental stressors; define     
whether all mill types are capable of exerting effects on   
gonadal sex steroids; participate in interagency bench-scale
waste treatment studies to identify treatment strategies to 
eliminate steroidal effects; establish whether a common     
mechanism can explain reproductive dysfunctions observed at 
sites contaminated with pulp mill effluents, TCDDs, PCBs and
PAHs.                                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Muunkittrick K      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000172
TITLE:    Chemical Kinetics in Aquatic Ecosystems.                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To obtain a better understanding of physical and biological 
processes that influence the chemical species and           
distribution of environmental chemicals in aquatic          
ecosystems.  To apply this information to predict the       
occurrence and fate of chemicals between the biotic and     
abiotic compartments.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/04/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nimi, A.            GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000173
TITLE:    Environmental Pathways and Effects of Organic Contaminants. 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To model the environmental fate of organic contaminants and 
to link the pathways of exposure to effects on biota by     
experiments designed to:                                    
a) investigate the pathways of accumulation of organic      
contaminants with emphasis on chlorinated organic substances
released by bleached kraft mills in the Great Lakes Basin,  
b) isolate and identify the contaminants in industrial      
effluents directly responsible for biological responses in  
biota,                                                      
c) develop a model to predict the responses of biota to     
remedial actions (e.g., process changes) designed to reduce 
or eliminate the response of biota to organic contaminants. 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/04/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Servos, M.R.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000174
TITLE:    Temporal and spatial trends of toxic contaminants in Great  
          Lakes fish.                                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To use recent advances in analytical chemistry to:          
a) reexamine temporal trends in the congener specific       
profiles of PCBs.                                           
b) determine the relative contribution of coplanar PCBs tot 
he total PCBs.                                              
c) determine the relative contribution of specific PCB      
congeners to the total toxic equivalency.                   
d) identify major unidentified components in extracts from  
Great Lakes fish.                                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/04/01   97/03/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Servos, M. R.       GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000175
TITLE:    Chemical Effects on Fish.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop several biochemical or biological indicators to  
assess the effects of inorganic and organic chemical        
exposure on the well being of fish.  To apply this          
technology to assess the health risks of aquatic organisms  
that are present in contaminated ecosystems.                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            91/04/01   94/03/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nimi, A.            GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000176
TITLE:    Monitoring Environmental Effects of Discharges From pulp    
          Mills and Petrochemical industries.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Follow changes in Jackfish Bay fish related to improvements 
in ecosystem health associated with the initiation of       
secondary waste treatment in September, 1989.               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Munkittrick K.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000177
TITLE:    Ecosystem Impact of Bleached Kraft Mill Effluents.          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop and validate a simple field oriented biological  
monitoring program to assess the relative impact of bleached
kraft mill effluents on the downstream fish community.      
To measure the foodchain accumulation of all 2, 3, 7, 8     
substituted dioxin and furan isomers and other typical      
organochlorine compounds found in kraft mill effluents.     
To transfer the biological assessment techniques developed  
for kraft mill effluents to other major industrial effluent 
sources found in the Great Lakes (Petrochemical, Metal      
Mining & Refining).                                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/01/01   97/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Whittie, D.M.       GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000178
TITLE:    Genetic Effects.                                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To use genotoxicity and biochemical techniques to evaluate  
the toxic effects of metals and organometals on aquatic     
organisms.                                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/01/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Wong, P.            GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000179
TITLE:    Contaminants Surveillance Program.                          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To identify trends in contaminant burdens of representative 
fish communities and the forage base from each of the       
Canadian Great Lakes.                                       
To identify what biological variables, including diet       
composition, lipid concentration and age class structure,   
are influencing changes in contaminant burdens of the fish  
communities in each lake monitored.                         
To identify the significance of recently identified         
contaminants in the Great Lakes biological community and    
describe the biological pathways for accumulation at the top
of the foodweb.                                             
To describe a range of simple biological observations       
suitable for defining the degree of integrated contaminant  
stress imposed on various fish communities throughout the   
Great Lakes.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 77
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            77/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Whittle D.M.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000180
TITLE:    A Monograph:  Dynamics and Physiological ecology of Great   
          Lakes Phytoplankton and their response to Nutrients and     
          Contaminants.                                               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To prepare a monograph on dynamics and physiological ecology
of Great Lakes phytoplankton and their responses to         
nutrients and contaminants.                                 
To evaluate the role of phytoplankton in food web           
interactions and particle size theory.                      
To relate North American Great Lakes phytoplankton to other 
large lakes of the world; and convene/edit timely           
international symposia on the large lakes of the world.     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 86
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            86/01/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Munawar M.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000181
TITLE:    Great Lakes areas of concern Bioassessment towards          
          sustainable Ecosystem Health.                               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Adoption of multi-disciplinary and multi-trophic approach   
for the evaluation of ecosystem health.                     
b) Application of a standardized battery of tests at several
trophic levels (bacteria to fish) to assess the impact of   
contaminants and nutrients on the biota of the Great Lakes  
Areas of Concern.                                           
c) Structural and functional monitoring of the current      
status of the ecosystem health and its recovery to          
sustainable state.                                          
d) Assess bioavailability and toxicity of                   
contaminants/nutrients to biota, originating from bottom    
sediments, suspended particulate and effluent in the Areas  
of Concern.                                                 
e) Evaluate the impact of contaminants on food web          
interactions of stressed versus unstressed ecosystems.      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/01/01   94/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Munawar M.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000182
TITLE:    Biological Tissue Archive.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To maintain a Great Lakes fish tissue archive; To define    
appropriate collection, preservation, and storage conditions
required for maintaining the integrity of chlorinated       
hydrocarbon residues, for extended periods, in a variety of 
biological tissues; To develop and implement a Tissue       
Archive Data Base; To develop policy and administrative     
procedures for the management of both the archived samples  
and the corresponding data to meet both current and         
anticipated needs; To prepare a catalogue and user guide    
which includes all pertinent data on archived samples.      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 77
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            77/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kiriluk R.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000183
TITLE:    Program Delivery.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
DFO will provide continued support to a range of scientific 
technical committees (International, Federal, Provincial)   
addressing aquatic ecosystem issues both in the Great Lakes 
Basin and other areas dedicated to the study of freshwater  
systems.  DFO is also committed to the training of          
scientists in post graduate programs at universities and the
provision of advice to the private sector in relation to    
issues related to the study of environmental quality.       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 86
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            86/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Whittle D. M.       GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000184
TITLE:    Ultratrace Laboratory and Contaminants Research.            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide trace and ultratrace analyses for selected       
persistent organic contaminants and selected metabolites in 
a variety of different matrices to provide data on toxic    
chemicals in support of research and monitoring projects on 
the Great Lakes, which provide essential data for           
consideration and decision-making by IJC Water Quality Board
and Science Advisory Board subcommittees; our               
CODE-Freshwater Fisheries and Contaminants on both          
freshwater and Arctic samples; remedial action plans        
(RAP's); the National Monitoring Program for pulp and paper 
mill emissions; and cooperative research projects with DOE  
and university researchers.                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 83
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            83/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Sergeant, D.B.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000185
TITLE:    Toxic Equivalent Factors for Dioxins in Fish.               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The aim of this project is to develop TEFs for dioxins,     
furans and PCBs in fish, and specifically,                  
1) To examine the enzyme-inducing ability of various        
orally-dosed polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (dioxins),   
dibenzofurans (furans) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 
in rainbow trout.                                           
2) To determine relationships between dioxin body burden,   
tissue distribution and enzyme induction.                   
3) To examine toxic effects of these same dioxins in        
water-exposed rainbow trout eggs and fry.                   
4) To relate toxicity in eggs/fry to dioxin burden.         
5) To compare the toxicity of dioxins (in eggs and fry) with
their enzyme-inducing abilities.                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/04/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Parrott, J.         GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000186
TITLE:    Lakes Ontario and Erie Trophic Transfer Dynamics.           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To detect community change in large ecosystems and develop  
appropriate management responses under the Water Quality    
Agreement, frequent monitoring of complete food webs is     
required.  Traditional sampling approaches are too          
cumbersome to achieve the required temporal and spatial     
resolution of data.  We will employ automated optical and   
acoustic devices in Lakes Erie and Ontario in a program to  
frequently collect lakewide biomass, size and taxonomic data
on complete food webs from picoplankton to top fish         
predators.  Such data constitute an expanding record of     
historical and contemporary variation in food webs that can 
serve as a sensitive basis for monitoring effects of species
invasions, contaminant loadings, and piscivore stocking, and
the effectiveness of management responses.  Bioenergetic and
particle-size analyses of the food web data provide parallel
information on production that can be used to gauge impacts 
of such perturbations as the zebra mussel, nutrient         
abatement and hatchery stocking on potential production of  
commercially important piscivore species.                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/01/01   94/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Munawar M.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000187
TITLE:    Program Delivery.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To support the activities of Fish Habitat Research Program  
to DFO and to other Great Lakes clients.                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cairns, V.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000188
TITLE:    Program Delivery - Sault Ste Marie.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To facilitate the transfer of information and expertise     
related to fish and habitat studies from the personnel in   
the Sault Ste Marie lab to other fisheries agencies and     
Universities in the Great Lake basin.                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Young, R.           GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000189
TITLE:    Regional Impact Assessment and Modelling.                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Assess and predict the regional impacts of acidic           
deposition, climate change, and possibly contaminants and   
extensive habitat modifications, on freshwater fish and     
habitats in sensitive areas of Canada, particularly Central 
and Arctic Region, DFO.                                     
Devise and test models, methods, and procedures for         
assessing regional environmental alterations from a         
fish/fish habitat perspective.                              
Assess and predict impacts on scales proportional to the    
scales of the human activities causing extensive changes,   
and of control processes.                                   
Derive regional estimates of "critical" loads of sulphur and
nitrogen based on biotic measures of impact.                
Develop novel analytical methods based on statistical       
analysis and uncertainty assessment, simulation modelling,  
and geographic information systems technology.              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/04/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Minns, C. K.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000190
TITLE:    Biomonitoring in the Turkey Lakes (TLW) and Parry Sound     
          Region (ongoing).                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To detect biological and chemical response of aquatic       
systems to Canadian and proposed U.S. emission control      
strategies.                                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 87
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            87/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shaw, M.            GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000191
TITLE:    Survival and Growth of Invertebrates in Brown Water Lakes.  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To compare invertebrate communities (community structure,   
standing stock) in a series of poorly buffered lakes (5)    
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shaw, M.            GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000192
TITLE:    Turkey Lakes Calibrated Watersheds.                         
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To integrate response of the aquatic chemistry and biota to 
changes in LRTAP deposition.                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 80
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            80/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shaw, M.            GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000193
TITLE:    Response of Ontario lakes to varying atmospheric deposition.
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To document regional responses of lakes to acidic           
atmospheric deposition on a trend-through time basis.       
To provide a regional context for DFO's biomonitoring       
program.                                                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            91/01/01   95/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shaw, M.            GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000194
TITLE:    Fish Health Certification.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To prevent the spread of serious infectious diseases to wild
fish stocks.  This is accomplished by providing a fish      
disease certification program to the private aquaculture    
industry in order to identify facilities which have an      
established history of being free from specific named       
pathogens.  Only cultured salmonids from these "Certified"  
facilities may be transported into Canada or between        
provinces.  Information from the analysis of fish stocks is 
used to determine the distribution and range of each        
pathogen of interest.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 81
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            81/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Heiman, T.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000195
TITLE:    RAPs Joint Research GLLFAS Sault Ste Marie.                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To participate in the RAP process in Thunder Bay, Nipigon   
Bay, Terrace Bay, Peninsula Harbour and St. mary's River as 
a RAP team member.                                          
To continue evaluation of acoustics for stock assessment in 
small lakes and                                             
To complete analysis of lake trout spawning habitat         
assessment.                                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kelso, J.R.Dr.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000196
TITLE:    Long Term Biomonitoring Program.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To monitor for long term trends in nutrient levels, physical
conditions and community structure, which might be expected 
to change in response to interventions to the system.  In   
order to interpret results and improve on the parameters    
measured, the second objective is to define interactions    
within the open-water ecosystem and determine the relative  
importance of physical, nutrient and predatory forces.  The 
third objective is to report regularly on the status of the 
open lake.                                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 81
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            81/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Johannsson O.       GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000197
TITLE:    Lake Trout Restoration.                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine factors affecting reproductive success in Great
Lakes lake trout in order to develop predictive models.     
To determine the strain composition of naturally deposited  
lake trout eggs in Western Lake Ontario relative to the     
strain composition of potential spawners.                   
To determine if segregation by strain is occurring at       
Western Lake Ontario spawning sites and if it's related to  
habitat factors.                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fitzsimons J.       GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000198
TITLE:    Benthic Community Analysis in Lakes Ontario and Erie.       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To complete the analysis and write up of data collections in
support of the GLLFAS longterm project, Bioindex            
(1881-1992).  Project Quinte (1972-1992), Lake Ontario      
Trophic Transfer project (1990-1992).  Hamilton Harbour RAP 
(1989), as well as the initiated DFO studies into impact of 
invading zebra mussels on the near shore benthic community  
(1990-1991).  Preparation of DFO technical reports on       
benthic fauna of the Bioindex and LOTT surveys, Hamilton    
Harbour sediment assays, Lake Erie benthic survey.          
Eventually complete manuscript on energetic model of        
amphipod Pontoporeia in Lake Ontario.  Long term effects of 
lampricide treatments on stream communities and taxonomy of 
new oligochaete genus in eastern Canada.                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 82
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            82/01/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Dermott, R.         GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000199
TITLE:    Productive Capacity of Fish Habitat:  Great Lakes AOCs.     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To formulate and test hypotheses concerning the links       
between fish habitat features and the success of fish       
populations in nearshore Great Lakes ecosystems, especially 
Hamilton Harbour, The Bay of Quinte, and Severn Sound.      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            89/04/01   95/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Randall, R.G.       GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000200
TITLE:    Project Quinte.                                             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To understand the relationship among nutrient loading,      
ecological characteristics and processes, and societal      
benefits of the Bay of Quinte ecosystem.  To continue to    
monitor water quality, biomass and species composition of   
various biota, and rate processes within and linking trophic
levels as the response to reduced P loading is transferred  
through the ecosystem.  Measuring the response can determine
whether conditions meet the goals of the Remedial Action    
Plan (RAP) for the bay.                                     
To understand the relative importance of phosphorus (P)     
management (bottom up influence) vs. the fish community (top
down influence) on the observed biomass of phyto-and        
zooplankton.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 72
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            72/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Millard, S.         GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000201
TITLE:    Larval Fish in Severn Sound.                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Severn Sound RAP was scheduled for completion in 1990.      
Results of field surveys during 1988-1992 will be examined  
by RAP writing team to evaluate status of the ecosystem and 
suggest measures for remediation.                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 88
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            88/01/01   92/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Leslie, J. K.       GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000202
TITLE:    Lake Ontario/Lake Erie Trophic Transfer Study.              
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To relate community structure and physical characteristics  
of the lake to energy flow and fish biomass in offshore     
Lakes Ontario and Erie.                                     
To determine suitable long-term monitoring stations for Lake
Erie and to determine how large an area these stations      
represent.                                                  
                                                            
BENTHOS                                                     
To understand the current lakewide variability in           
populations of benthic fauna in the whole of Lake Ontario   
sampled over a short time span.                             
                                                            
To determine the depth distributions and examine the        
relative habitat associations of the dominant fauna in Lake 
Ontario.                                                    
MYSIDS, ZOOPLANKTON, PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY AND PHOSPHOROUS   
DEMAND.                                                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/05/01   94/03/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Johannsson, O.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000203
TITLE:    Sea lamprey habitat relationships.                          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the relationship between ammocoete abundance   
and stream habitat characteristics from Catamaran Brook in  
cooperation with DFO - Moncton.                             
To determine the effect of varying substrate characteristics
on densities of sea lamprey ammocoetes.                     
Review the characteristics of sea lamprey spawning habitat  
characteristics.                                            
To determine the relationship between habitat               
characteristics and use by spawning sea lamprey in the St.  
Mary's River, in cooperation with SLCC.                     
To review the effects of sea lamprey barrier dams on the    
passage of fish.                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            91/01/01   96/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Young, R.           GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000204
TITLE:    Aeromonas salmonicida in Ontario.                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine if the strains of Aeromonas salmonicida found  
in various parts of Ontario are similar in their biochemical
profile, serological reaction, antibiotic resistance and    
host range.  Once this is established, then the results will
be compared with similar findings for strains of Aeromonas  
salmonicida which are found in other parts of Canada.       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01   95/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Heiman, T.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000205
TITLE:    The occurrence of tumours in white suckers from the Great   
          Lakes.                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To more fully describe the geographic distribution of liver 
and skin tumours in white suckers from polluted sites on    
Lake Ontario and Lake Huron.                                
To determine if the frequency of liver and skin tumours on  
white suckers has declined from the high levels observed in 
1985, after the most severely affected age groups have been 
replaced by a new generation of fish reflecting current     
chemical inputs;                                            
To identify chemical exposure of affected fish and possible 
etiological agents;                                         
To identify population or individual indicators of stress in
white suckers from affected sites.                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01   96/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cairns, V.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000206
TITLE:    Fish & Wildlife Restoration in Hamilton Harbour and Cootes  
          Paradise.                                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To improve water quality in Cootes Paradise and Hamilton    
Harbour; to alter the fish community from one dominated by  
pollution tolerant species such as carp, white perch, and   
alewife to a community dominated by native fish species and 
controlled by top predators; to provide spawning, nursery   
and adult habitats for fish; to recover lost wetlands; to   
create habitats for shorebirds, waterfowl, reptiles and     
mammals; to create nesting and loafing habitats for colonial
nesting birds (such as cormorants, black-crowned night      
herons, common terns and Caspian terns) and feeding habitat 
for waterfowl, and finally, to provide much needed access to
the waterfront and the restored wetlands, to improve        
aesthetics in the harbour, and to provide educational       
opportunities.                                              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            91/01/01   96/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cairns, V.          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000207
TITLE:    Ameliorative Demonstrations for North Shore of Lake Superior
          AOCs Water Quality Impairments.                             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To eliminate the need for beach closings due to bacterial   
contamination at Chippewa Beach, Thunder Bay.               
To reduce the supply of mercury from known sediment hot     
spots to biota in Peninsula Harbour.                        
To reduce the transport of resuspended solids from Moberly  
Lake to Jackfish Bay.                                       
To develop a wet pond/marsh complex to ameliorate the       
problems associated with urban runoff and seasonal flooding 
of the unnamed creek in Nipigon.                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/09/01   96/03/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kelso, J.R.Dr.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000208
TITLE:    Nipigon and Thunder Bay Restoration Demonstration Projects. 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To create spawning and nursery habitat, rehabilitate and    
expand the littoral zone and create wetlands along the      
McKellar River.                                             
To stabilize river banks, create instream cover, and        
establish a diverse aquatic flora in the lower              
Neebing-McIntyre floodway.                                  
To create wetlands, establish cover and improve fishery     
access to the mouth of McVicar Creek.                       
To rehabilitate lost walleye spawning habitat in the mouth  
of the Current River and improve salmonoid access to the    
upper sections of the Current River.                        
To stabilize river banks, create instream cover, expand and 
diversify the aquatic flora, and enhance the aesthetic value
of the Lower Kaministiquia River.                           
                                                            
NIPIGON                                                     
                                                            
To rehabilitate the walleye fishery in Nipigon Bay to       
historic population levels.                                 
To remove debris (logs, bark, sediments) from historic      
walleye spawning areas in the lower Nipigon River.          
To develop techniques to facilitate flushing of silt and    
debris from spawning beds.                                  
To restore a wetland adjacent to an abandoned sawmill and   
reopen the access of the wetland to the Nipigon River.      
To develop an optimum water management strategy for the     
Nipigon River.                                              
To develop appropriate concepts and materials to be         
incorporated in an interpretative Centre, Remedial Action   
Plans.                                                      
focusing on Great Lakes Water Quality, the Nipigon AOC, and 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/08/01   94/03/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kelso, J.R.Dr.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000209
TITLE:    Impact of zebra mussels on Great Lakes biota.               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the impact of zebra mussels on benthic         
communities in the Bay of Quinte.                           
To study the impact of zebra mussel colonization on the     
spatial patterns of energy transfer between trophic levels  
in Lake Erie.                                               
To Study the impact of zebra mussels on the selection and   
use of lake trout spawning reefs in Lake Erie and Lake      
Ontario.                                                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            90/01/01   94/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Dermott, R.         GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000210
TITLE:    Ecosystem recovery on the St. Lawrence - Hydrology.         
          (Groundwater)                                               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Groundwater quality in the cornwall - St. Lawrence region   
and related impacts on Surface Water quality.               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:   60000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
EC-GP             93/05/01   96/04/01      76,200.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Crabbe, P.          UO
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000211
TITLE:    Microbial Indicators for Assessing Groundwater Movement.    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Impact of ground water movement, Rochester Township and     
Maidstone Township, Lake St. Clair, Charron Beach; Pace     
River:  E.coli; Salmonella, total heterotrophic bacterial   
populations.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMOE              90/08/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Holder-Frankli      UWi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000212
TITLE:    Biology and Dynamics of Lake Whitefish in South Baymouth,   
          Lake Huron.                                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To complete analysis of collected data on lake whitefish in 
South Baymouth and write up this analysis of this long time 
data base.                                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    6000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31       7,620.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Reckahn, J.         OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000213
TITLE:    Stream Salmonid Population Ecology.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
This project combines the "Atlantic Salmon" and Salmonid    
Ecology" projects from previous years.  This year's         
activities will include 1) monitoring returning adult       
rainbows and Atlantics to Wilmot Creek, including           
examination of rainbows for marks applied last year; 2)     
estimating adult rainbow harvest and abundance using creel  
surveys and mark-recapture; 3) operation of the removable   
weir from April 1 - November 15 for enumeration of          
downstream/upstream migrants; 4) development and application
of a stratified random sampling procedure for obtaining     
"whole-system" biomass estimates for Wilmot Creek; 5)       
continuation of the trend-through-time biomass monitoring at
our five Wilmot benchmark stations; and 6) support for three
graduate projects investigating population biology and      
genetics of rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon.              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   38500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      48,895.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Jones, M. Dr.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000214
TITLE:    Collection of habitat data in support of Habitat Suitability
          Index model evaluation.                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
We propose to use a service contract to obtain habitat data 
necessary to apply existing models of habitat suitability   
for brook, brown and rainbow trout.  The data is to be      
collected from locations where we have existing salmonid    
biomass data.  Together these data can be used to test the  
validity of these models.  The results will make a key      
contribution to a longer term project whose purpose is to   
develop valid models to predict salmonid stream productive  
capacity from habitat variables for southern Ontario        
streams.                                                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   20000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/04/01   93/03/31      25,400.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Jones, M. Dr.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000215
TITLE:    Seasonal Dynamics in Abundance and Physiological condition  
          of various fishes in Bay of Quinte.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this study is to describe the seasonal cycle 
of relative abundance and the dynamics of physiological     
condition and growth (both somatic and reproductive) of     
various life stages of water and bottom replicate trawling  
as early and as late as possible in the season at two       
locations close to the Glenora Fisheries Station.  Complete 
biological data will be collected on individuals in the     
sample.  This will make it possible to understand the       
seasonal and environmental effects on reproduction, growth, 
activity, and interspecific interaction.  Seasonal sampling 
is essential when examining the effects of biotic and       
abiotic factors on year-class strength.                     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10900.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      13,843.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Casselman, J.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000216
TITLE:    Factors affecting year class - Movement and Abundance.      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this study is to examine the movement and    
relative abundance of species, including their various life 
stages, migrating between the Outlet Basin and the Bay of   
Quinte, especially those wintering in the open lake and     
migrating Inshore in spring and spawning.  This research    
will refine and improve the general information already     
obtained from less extensive and less intensive monthly     
sampling conducted during routine gill netting and trawling 
in these areas in the past.                                 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   23000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      29,210.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Casselman, J.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000217
TITLE:    Age-Growth Research.                                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this research is to refine and improve age   
and growth determination of fishes, to develop standardized 
interpretation techniques, to refine these with known age or
partly known-age samples to apply the results in studies to 
demonstrate increased precision and accuracy, and to support
provincial age-growth research, science and technology      
transfer.                                                   
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   23000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      29,210.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Casselman, J.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000218
TITLE:    Lake Trout Rehabitation Research - Factors Affecting Early  
          Life History.                                               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
This study has examined spawning congregations of lake trout
offshore on Yorkshire Bar, egg deposition., and in situ and 
laboratory egg incubation for fish from this site and from  
an inland control population (Lake Manitou).  A survey of   
potential inshore study sites was conducted in 1991 to      
reduce logistical problems and two more sheltered sites -   
Salmon Is and Emeric Pt. were located.                      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   52000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      66,040.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Casselman, J.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000219
TITLE:    Invertebrate Biomass and Composition in Lake Erie.          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Collection and interpretation of data on biomass,           
composition and production of zooplankton in Lake Erie.     
Objectives are 1) to provide estimates of invertebrate      
biomass and production for the biomass spectrum method of   
yield and 2) to provide information which will assist in an 
understanding of community structure and trophic            
interactions in the ecosystem.  Completion of analysis of   
samples and date expected in 1992.                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    4000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31       5,080.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Leach, J. Dr.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000220
TITLE:    Distribution of Walleye in Lake Erie.                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess the distribution of walleye in the water column at
two discrete sites in Lake Erie (one in western basin, one  
in west-central basin).                                     
To assess Heamp composition of walleye, stratified by water 
column and mouth.                                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   30000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      38,100.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nepszy, S. J.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000221
TITLE:    Recruitment of Young of the Year Perciels and the           
          Environment.                                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To monitor and analyze environmental factors (air, water    
temperatures, wired direction and strength) and determine   
their relationship with year-class success of perciels as   
well as their use in yield prediction models.  Initial      
locations to include western basin sites of Lake Erie.      
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    9000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      11,430.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Nepszy, S. J.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000222
TITLE:    Walleye and Yellow Perch Studies in Lake Erie.              
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To review and analyze existing programs and methods for     
indexing adult and juvenile fish communities, in western and
west-central Lake Erie.                                     
To determine if current indexing programs are suitable tools
to reassure recruitment and/or indices of abundance of adult
fish.                                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   13000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/12/31      16,510.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
                    ABCA
Nepszy, S. J.       OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000223
TITLE:    Lake Trout/Backcross Comparison Study.                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Fitness evaluation of different genotypes of Lake Trout for 
Rehabilitation of Lake Huron.                               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   32500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/03/31      41,275.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Collins, J.         OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000224
TITLE:    Lake Trout Creel Census.                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To measure fishing mortality of stocked lake trout as a     
component of total mortality and to provide samples for     
measurement of good maturity and seasonal data on diet      
composition.                                                
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   18000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OMNR              92/01/01   93/03/31      22,860.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Collins, J.         OMNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000225
TITLE:    Budget and Management.                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
This unit provides management direction and secretarial     
support to the Ecotoxicology Division (W.A. 1.2) of GLLFAS. 
The Director, GLLFAS, is also responsible for allocating    
ship resources in W.A. 1.1 and 1.2 in support of Great Lakes
programs of both DFO and DOE at CCIW.  The Director also    
allocates GLAP term resources to Winnipeg based programs in 
consultation with the Regional Director of Science.  The    
unit is also responsible for overall co-ordination of the   
Department's commitments under the Great Lakes Action Plan  
and the Canada/Ontario Agreement.                           
                                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cooley, J.M.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000226
TITLE:    Safety.                                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide a safe working environment for the staff and     
educate and train them in areas of safety.                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 85
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            85/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cooley, J.M.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000227
TITLE:    Communications.                                             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To increase GLLFAS' profile by coordinating and developing  
on-going communications and public consultation activities. 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Paquette, P.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000228
TITLE:    J. R. Vallentyne, Scientist Emeritus.                       
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To promote the ecosystem approach to environmental          
management in educational systems.                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            93/04/01   94/03/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Vallentyne, J.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000229
TITLE:    Wet Lab Overhead.                                           
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Ecotoxicology studies in the field are reduced to their     
simplest form in the bioassay laboratory (in this case the  
Wet Lab).  The field portion of Ecotoxicology Division      
depends on the facility in which controlled exposure systems
can be used to validate the observed field responses to     
contaminant stress.  The Wet Lab provides an area in which  
to carry out experiments with a variety of test species with
access to the required support teams needed to assess       
biological responses to specific stresses.                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 77
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            77/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Blunt, Bev          GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000230
TITLE:    Contaminant Effects on Invertebrates.                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
1. To supply the scientific data necessary to allow a rapid 
assessment of the identity and impact of toxic substances   
(with emphasis on metals) in contaminated areas after       
measurement of contaminant concentrations in tissues and    
2. To demonstrate the applicability of this approach in     
selected areas where chemical impacts are suspected by      
identifying those contaminants responsible for toxicity and 
ruling out others.  This is essential before remediation    
measures can be effective.                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            89/01/01     /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Borgmann, U.        GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: C000231
TITLE:    Assessment of Threshold Exposure Levels for Biological      
          Effects of Pulp Mill Effluents.                             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
a) development of an in-vitro assay describing steroid      
function in fish exposed to BKME, and development of a      
laboratory assay for impacts of contaminants on steroid     
function.                                                   
b) establish the time course of steroid dysfunction (and MFO
induction) associated with diverse environmental stressors, 
c) define whether all types of pulp mills are capable of    
exerting effects on gonadal sex steroids,                   
d) establish whether a common mechanism can explain         
reproductive dysfunctions observed at sites contaminated    
with pulp mill effluents, TCDDs, PCBs and PAHs,             
e) participate in interagency bench-scale waste treatment   
studies to identify treatment strategies to eliminate       
steroidal effects.                                          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLLFAS            92/01/01   97/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Munkittrick K.      GLLFAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000002
TITLE:                                                                
                                                                      
          Temporal Variation of Nutrients and Other Parameters in     
          Saginaw Bay Tributaries.                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To provide for collection and analysis of tributary samples 
for nutrients and pesticides and for calculation of annual  
nutrient loads of Saginaw Bay tributaries; to determine the 
present nutrient and pesticide water concentrations in each 
Saginaw Bay tributary; to determine the annual tributary    
nutrient load to Saginaw Bay; to determine the effectiveness
of nutrient load reduction actions taken since 1980 when    
tributary loads when tributary loads to Saginaw Bay were    
last estimated on a baywide basis; to help identify the     
magnitude of further action needed; to help identify        
priority watersheds for further action;to determine         
Michigan's progres toward meeting the goals of the state    
Phosphorous Reduction Strategy for Saginaw Bay; to provide  
critical data needed for predictive mathematical modeling to
determine the impact on Saginaw Bay of future phosphorus    
load reductions; to assess water quality baseline conditions
in specific tributaries targeted for Best Management        
Practices implementation as part of the multi-agency        
"Saginaw Bay Water Quality Demonstration Project" (East     
Coastal Basin Tributaries) and the "South Branch Kawkawlin  
River Project."                                             
                                                            
                                                            
                                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 09, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   99360.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             91/09/01   93/03/30      99,360.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Moll, R.            UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000100
TITLE:    Immune function and contaminants in double-crested cormorant
          chicks.                                                     
OBJECTIVE:
Immune function tests evaluating T and B cell function,     
macrophage phagocytosis, blood differentials, and lymphoid  
organs in double-crested cormorant chicks will be compared  
between Spider and Hat Islands in Green Bay (contaminated   
site) and the Apostle Islands in Lake Superior (control     
site). In addition, the colonies in Green Bay will be       
monitored for Newcastle Disease activity by virus isolation 
and antibody and necropsy of carcasses.                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   18000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
PEW               92/10/01   93/09/30       4,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30      10,000.00 
USFWS             93/10/01   94/09/30       4,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Burull, E.          NWHRC
Rocke, T.           NWHRC
Sileo, L.           NWHRC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000101
TITLE:    Great Lakes cormorant mortality field investigation.        
OBJECTIVE:
To document magnitude, distribution, and cause of mortality 
in double-crested cormorants and other species affected in  
the Great Lakes surrounding the Upper Peninsula of Michigan;
to collect biologic samples for diagnostic evaluation; to   
discuss disease issues and biosecurity precautions with     
personnel involved in cormorant research on the Great Lakes.
Cormorant mortality had been reported from several areas in 
the Great Lakes and the upper midwest. Newcastle disease    
virus (NDV) was suspected and later confirmed as the cause  
of mortality in many of these areas. The outbreak is        
believed to be the first documented occurence of widespread 
NDV mortality in wild birds in the US, although a previous  
outbreak had occured in Canada in 1990. Of the sites visited
during the field investigation, the virus was isolated from 
double-crested cormorants from West Saddlebag Reef (Lake    
Huron), Grape Island (Lake Michigan) and Tahquamenon Island 
(Lake Superior).                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 06, 92
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wildlife
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Converse, K.        NWHRC
Glaser, L.          NWHRC
Miller, K.          NWHRC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000102
TITLE:    Health risk assessment for the Akwesasne Mohawk population  
          from exposure to chemical contaminants in fish and wildlife 
          from the St. Lawrence River drainage on lands of the Mohawk 
          Nation at Akwesasne and near the General Motors Corporation 
          Central Foundry Division Facility at Massena, New York.     
OBJECTIVE:
To estimate potential exposure to several chemical          
contaminants and increased health risk to the Akewesasne    
Mohawk population from consumption of locally-caught fish   
and wildlife; to compare estimates of Mohawk exposure and   
risk to those of New York State recreational anglers from   
consumption of fish from various New York State waterbodies;
to compare Mohawk PCB exposure and risk to the U.S.         
population risk from food consumption; to estimate Mohawk   
PCB risk if all the fish they ate had a PCB level equal to  
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tolerance for   
PCBs of 2 parts per million (ppm); to estimate potential    
exposure and risk for Mohawk and control (Caucasian) infants
from consumption of breastmilk containing industrial        
chemicals and pesticides.                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 87
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bogdan, K.          NYSDH
Forti, A.           NYSDH
Horn, H.            NYSDH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000103
TITLE:    The New York State Angler Cohort Study - Exposure           
          Characterization and Preproductive Developmental Health.    
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the relationship between parental fish          
consumption by New York State anglers and spouses and       
reproductive and developmental endpoints; to assess body    
burdens of selected chemicals; to assess short-term mobility
and to begin monitoring for long-term health effects such as
thyroid and breast cancer; to measure more subtle effects   
such as liver enzyme induction as a biomarker.              
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 15, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 14, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ATSDR             93/10/01   94/09/30      47,720.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Fitzgerald, E.      HRI
Vena, J.            NYSDH
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000104
TITLE:    PCB and DDE exposure among Native American men from         
          contaminated Great Lakes Fish and Wildlife.                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To build upon ongoing epidemiological surveillance of a     
Native American population which is at risk for potential   
adverse health effects from exposure to contaminants in     
Great Lakes fish; to investigate the associations between   
the consumption of locally-caught fish and wildlife,        
residential exposure, body burdens of PCBs, and biological  
responses of Mohawk men who live at the Akwesasne reserve   
along the St. Lawrence River.                               
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 30, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 29, 95
TOTAL_COST:  739310.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ATSDR             92/10/01   93/09/30     215,110.00 
ATSDR             93/10/01   94/09/30     250,650.00 
ATSDR             94/10/01   95/09/30     273,550.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Brix, K.            HRI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000105
TITLE:    Nonindigenous Species Research Project.                     
OBJECTIVE:
To investigate: 1) the extent to which shipping is a major  
pathway for introducing exotic species to U.S. waters; 2)   
control alternatives; and 3) the feasibility of regional    
versus national controls.                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: December 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  480000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USCG                /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Carlton, J.         WC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000106
TITLE:    Global climate change and the Great Lakes: changes in       
          habitat use and potential invasions of exotic species.      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the effects of global climate change on endemic
and introduced species in Great Lakes ecosystems.           
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   98730.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WI-SG             93/09/01   94/08/31      98,730.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Magnuson, J.        UWI-Ma-CL
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000107
TITLE:    Patterns of Contaminant Flux in Great Lakes Food Webs.      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine pathways and patterns by which contaminants    
move through food webs of species found in the Great Lakes. 
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WI-SG             93/09/01   94/08/31      70,470.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Carpenter, S.       UWI-Ma-CL
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000108
TITLE:    Compensatory Responses in Great Lakes Food Webs: Predicting 
          Results of Species Interactions.                            
OBJECTIVE:
To determine interactive responses from Great Lakes         
organisms as affected by species interactions and to predict
populations and stock assessment for the future.            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wildlife
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WI-SG             93/09/01   94/08/31     103,680.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Kitchell, J.        UWI-Ma-CL
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000109
TITLE:    Assessment of Remediation Alternatives for Buffalo River    
          Contaminated Sediments Using Mass Balance Modeling.         
OBJECTIVE:
To develop and apply a mass balance modeling framework to   
the Buffalo River AOC in order to predict the exposure and  
bioaccumulation of chemicals of concern in response to      
various remediation alternatives, including the "no         
additional action" alternative.                             
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   78800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Natural Ecological Processes
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLNPO               /  /       /  /        74,800.00 
SUNY-B              /  /       /  /         4,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Atkinson, J.        SUNY-B
DePinto, J.         SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000110
TITLE:    Development of a Geographically-Based Ecological Modeling   
          Framework for Exposure-Effects Analysis of Contaminants in  
          the Lower Great Lakes.                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Development and application of a coupled GIS/DBMS-Ecosystem 
Model support system (GEO-WAMS) for analyzing               
exposure-effects of contaminants in lower Great Lakes       
watersheds; demonstration of feasibility and utility of     
software system by application of a prototype to Buffalo    
River watershed.                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 21, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 20, 94
TOTAL_COST: 1925900.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ERL-D               /  /       /  /     1,770,800.00 
SUNY-B              /  /       /  /       155,100.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Rodgers, P.         LTI
Atkinson, J.        SUNY-B
Calkins, H.         SUNY-B
Densham, P.         SUNY-B
DePinto, J.         SUNY-B
Rumer, R.           SUNY-B
Taylor, S.          SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000111
TITLE:    Pilot Project for Establishment of a Lower Great Lakes      
          Ecosystem Information Center.                               
OBJECTIVE:
1) Assemble a spatial database (using a GIS) of physical,   
chemical, biological, and socio-economic data on Lake       
Ontario and its drainage basin to support decision-making   
efforts in fisheries and toxic chemical management; 2)      
Utilize the database to develop and apply analysis methods  
and models for fisheries and toxic management decision      
support; 3) Establish an electronic clearinghouse for this  
integrated database for users in academic, government,      
fisheries, and community organizations; using this pilot    
study, assess the feasibility of expanding the program to a 
lower Great Lakes Information Center.                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  165000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NYSL                /  /       /  /       150,000.00 
SUNY-B              /  /       /  /        15,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Atkinson, J.        SUNY-B
Calkins, H.         SUNY-B
DePinto, J.         SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000112
TITLE:    Optimizing the Use of Chemical Oxidants for Control of the  
          Zebra Mussel (Dreissena Polymorpha).                        
OBJECTIVE:
1) Investigate combined effects of heat and chemical        
oxidants for controlling zebra mussels. 2) Determine the    
efficacy of potassium chloride and oxidants for controlling 
zebra mussels.                                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 30, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  214700.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NMPC                /  /       /  /       214,700.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Van Benschoten      SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000113
TITLE:    Erie County Water Authority Taste and Odor Study.           
OBJECTIVE:
1) Identify treatment strategies to control taste and odor  
problems in drinking water. 2) Evaluate the effectiveness of
full scale treatment for removal of MIB and geosmin. 3)     
Identify relationships between taste and odor problems and  
algae or other water quality parameters.                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 15, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: February 14, 93
TOTAL_COST:  117490.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ECWA                /  /       /  /       117,490.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Van Benschoten      SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000114
TITLE:    The New York State Angler Study--Exposure Characterization  
          and Reproductive and Developmental Health.                  
OBJECTIVE:
To characterize exposure of humans to persistent toxic      
chemicals associated with the consumption of Lake Ontario   
fish and wildlife, including 68 PCBs, DDT, DDE, mercury,    
mirex, hexachlorobenzene and lead. Additional objectives are
to assess exposure in relation to health effects, including 
general health and reproductive and developmental health.   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 30, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST: 1074930.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ATSDR             92/10/01   93/09/30     318,300.00 
ATSDR             93/10/01   94/09/30     429,170.00 
ATSDR             94/10/01   95/09/30     327,460.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Buck, G.            SUNY-B
Fitzgerald, E.      SUNY-B
Kostyniak, P.       SUNY-B
Olson, J.           SUNY-B
Vena, J.            SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000115
TITLE:    Risk Perception, Reproductive Health Risk and Consumption of
          Contaminated Fish in a Cohort of New York State             
          Anglers--Year 2.                                            
OBJECTIVE:
The project will address the important issue of the use of  
biologic measures as indicators of the reliability and      
validity of exposure estimates from fish consumption        
histories using pharmacokinetic models.                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  184920.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLPF                /  /       /  /       185,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Kostyniak, P.       SUNY-B
Vena, J.            SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000116
TITLE:    Assessment of the influence of Buffalo River dredging  on   
          the sediment biota and heavy metals.                        
OBJECTIVE:
To try to assess what influence, if any, the demonstration  
dredging of the Buffalo River (in Buffalo, NY) by the U.S.  
Army Corps of Engineers, has had on the sediment biota and  
heavy metals.                                               
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   28050.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wildlife
Natural Ecological Processes
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USACE               /  /       /  /        28,050.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Stewart, K.         SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000117
TITLE:    Metabolism of Polychlorinated Dioxins and Dibenzofurans in  
          the Rat and Human.                                          
OBJECTIVE:
To compare the biological fate of polychlorinated dioxins   
(PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in rats and humans; to    
assess the risk these agents pose to human health.          
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  494710.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA               /  /       /  /       494,710.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Olson, J.           SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000118
TITLE:    Prevention of non-point discharge in the Great Lakes region.
OBJECTIVE:
To develop educational materials related to the impact of   
improper disposal of household hazardous wastes and lawn    
chemicals.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  234070.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NYSDEC              /  /       /  /        87,240.00 
SUNY-B              /  /       /  /        46,830.00 
USEPA               /  /       /  /       100,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Rumer, R.           SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000119
TITLE:    Dissolved Oxygen Modeling for the Buffalo River.            
OBJECTIVE:
To develop a model to simulate dissolved oxygen transport in
the Buffalo River; to use the model to evaluate possible    
remediation alternatives for increasing dissolved oxygen in 
summer low flow periods.                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: November 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 01, 92
TOTAL_COST:   15000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NYSDEC              /  /       /  /        15,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Atkinson, J.        SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000120
TITLE:    Contaminant transfer in large rotating systems.             
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To develop an understanding of the dynamics of buoyant      
surface discharges into receiving waters when rotation is   
important; to develop a simplified physical experimental    
approach to examine large-scale river discharges; to compare
experimental results with observations of the Niagra River  
plume in Lake Ontario.                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  122000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SUNY-B            92/02/01   93/01/31      66,000.00 
SUNY-B            93/02/01   94/01/31      56,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Atkinson, J.        SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000123
TITLE:    Influence of lipid composition in ameliorating or amplifying
          toxicant effects of phytoplankton.                          
OBJECTIVE:
To conduct a series of experiments with commonly occurring  
algal species to answer the following questions: 1) What is 
the normal pattern of variability in lipid quality and      
quantity? 2) Do stress reactions such as light or nutrient  
limitation increase triglycerides? 3) Are toxic effects of  
chlorinated benzenes enhanced or ameliorated by increased   
triglyceride content? 4) Are cells more susceptible to      
lipophilic toxicants when phospholipids are high, indicating
that membranes are primary targets? 5) Are toxic effects    
variable with different algal lipid compositions?           
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 88
PROJECT_END_DATE: February 29, 92
TOTAL_COST:  222540.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USAFOSR           92/01/01   91/12/31     222,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Goad, L.            UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000127
TITLE:    Impact of the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) on        
          Temporal Variation of Saginaw Bay Dissolved and Particulate 
          Nutrients.                                                  
OBJECTIVE:
To monitor the temporal variation of nutrients in Saginaw   
Bay over a period of three years. To determine if the       
presence of zebra mussels in the bay is affecting the       
cycling and storage of nutrients. To document the changes   
brought on by the colonization of Saginaw Bay zebra mussels,
in order to attempt to calculate the resultant flux of      
nutrients to the sediments.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  200000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             91/01/01   91/12/31     100,000.00 
MIDNR             92/01/01   92/12/31     100,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Jude, D.            UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000128
TITLE:    An assessment of the tributary bedload and suspended        
          sediment loadings to the Saginaw River/Bay Area of Concern: 
          Phase II.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
To provide field data on the sediment transport             
characteristics of the Saginaw River, its four major        
tributaries, and the 11 direct tributaries of Saginaw Bay.  
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 92
TOTAL_COST:   35700.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ECMPDC            92/01/01   92/12/31      35,700.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Jude, D.            UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000129
TITLE:    Alewife Survival Rates and Recruitment Under Low Population 
          Levels in Lake Michigan.                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To document alewife survival rates during a period of low   
abundance of alewife in the 1980s; to compare survival rates
obtained in the 1980s (low alewife abundance) with those    
obtained in the 1970s during a time of relatively high      
abundance; to determine if alewife mortality is size        
selective; to attempt to document which types of recruitment
mechanisms may be most important for alewife                
young-of-the-year during high predation pressure,           
competition for food from recently increasing populations of
native species, especially yellow perch and bloater, and low
abundance levels of adult alewives.                         
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   93000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG             91/08/01   93/06/30      93,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Jude, D.J.          UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000130
TITLE:    The influence of zebra mussels on the recruitment of Saginaw
          Bay fishes.                                                 
OBJECTIVE:
To measure the density and diversity of larval fish in      
Saginaw Bay; to determine the densities, length-frequency   
distribution, growth rates and history, and prey consumed by
the dominant species in the bay; to sample trawled fish; to 
examine otoliths of larval and juvenile fish. This          
information is related to zebra mussel and zooplankton      
abundances to determine how growth rates and history and    
mortality rates of dominant fish may be impacted by zebra   
mussel abundances.                                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  156300.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAASG            92/01/01   92/12/31     156,300.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Jude, D.            UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000131
TITLE:    Early diagenesis of organic matter in sediments of the Great
          Lakes.                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
This project employs a variety of analytical                
characterizations of organic matter to identify the effects 
of early diagenesis in Lake Erie and Lake Ontario through   
the study of dated cores of sediment from these two lakes.  
This multi-parametric analytical approach will help evaluate
the types, the rates, and the extent of the alterations and 
degredations which proceed during the sedimentation of      
organic matter.                                             
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   17900.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CILER             92/01/01   92/12/31      17,900.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Meyers, P.          UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000132
TITLE:    Assessment of the Lower Food Web of Saginaw Bay - Impact of 
          the Zebra Mussel.                                           
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the ecological impacts of the zebra mussel on  
the lower food web of Saginaw Bay.                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  211230.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAA                /  /       /  /       211,230.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Moll, R.A.          UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000134
TITLE:    Planning for future sources of environmental information:   
          Great Lakes Region.                                         
OBJECTIVE:
This project has assessed the potential contributions of    
remote sensing information for environmental resource       
management and assessment programs. The second phase of the 
project, currently in progress, is devoted to preparation of
various reports to the sponsor's staff on the use of current
and planned remote sensing technologies to meet the         
information needs of their various programs. These reports  
will be supplemented by various reference documentation,    
hard copy and electronic, on remote sensing applications    
that can assist the sponsor in their missions.              
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 10, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  100320.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             92/01/01   92/12/31     100,300.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Moll, R.            UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000135
TITLE:    Paleoclimatic Implications of Late Holocence Lake Level     
          Fluctuations in the Lake Michigan Basin.                    
OBJECTIVE:
To make a determination of long term lake-level fluctuations
in Lower Herring Lake through integration of                
paleolimnological techniques; to examine results against    
other regional paleoclimatic investigations and recorded    
historical data to correlate lake-levels and climatic       
conditions; to reconstruct water-level fluctuations in Lake 
Michigan for the past 4,000 years based on results from     
Lower Herring Lake.                                         
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 92
TOTAL_COST:   58400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG             91/08/01   92/06/30      58,400.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Stoermer, E.F.      UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000137
TITLE:    Paleolimnology of the Laurentian Great Lakes: Early Holocene
          lake Levels, Meltwaters, and the Younger Dryas Cooling.     
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the early Holocene history of the proglacial   
lakes, both the highstands and the lowstands, and their     
effect on the regional climate; to determine if the early   
Holocene cooling in North America coincides with the        
presence of the large proglacial lakes (highstands) or with 
their rapid draining to the east (lowstands).               
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 95
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  200000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSF               91/05/01   94/04/30     120,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Rea, D.K.           UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000139
TITLE:    Effects of Nitrate Loading on Great Lakes Primary Producer  
          Communities.                                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To detect changes in species composition of the biotic      
community which may be brought about by increased inorganic 
nitrogen loadings, and to allow reasonable projection of the
extent of such changes in the future.                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 03, 93
TOTAL_COST:  262800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA               /  /       /  /       262,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Stoermer, E.F.      UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000141
TITLE:    Diatom studies under EMAP Great Lakes.                      
OBJECTIVE:
This project has: a) developed a draft of guidelines for    
diatom studies under EMAP Great Lakes; b) developed a       
quality assurance/quality control plan for sediment trap    
studies that is consistent with the guidelines; c) completed
a review of available literature and an assessment of the   
current state of knowledge concerning historic trends of    
diatom populations in the United States, and d) obtained a  
set of sediment trap samples for analysis. Current          
objectives of this project include complete analysis of     
sediment trap samples from one site in Lake Michigan,       
analysis of one or more short cores from previously         
unsampled areas of Lake Michigan to address questions of    
regional differences, and completion of the overall strategy
for diatom studies under EMAP Great Lakes.                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  120000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wildlife
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             92/01/01   92/12/31      40,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Stoermer, E.        UMI-CGLAS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000150
TITLE:    Air Diffusers for Precluding Zebra Mussel Colonization on   
          Underwater Lock and Dam Critical Components.                
OBJECTIVE:
Assessment of the efficacy of using air diffusers and point 
injecctors for precluding zebra mussel colonization (veliger
settling and adult migration) on, and evacuating previously 
colonized adults from, critical lock and dam structures and 
instrumentation.                                            
                                                            
                                                            
                                                            
                                                            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 19, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 19, 96
TOTAL_COST:   29000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USACE               /  /       /  /        29,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Kaster, J.L.        UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000151
TITLE:    Zebra Mussel Recruitment Research.                          
OBJECTIVE:
To study encroachment competition interactions between zebra
mussels, sponges, and ectoprocts; to develop a gas injection
method to preclude zebra mussels from critical site specific
locations on ambulatory structures such as underwater hinges
that need to move freely.                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    1500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAA                /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
WI-SG               /  /       /  /         1,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Kaster, J.L.        UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000154
TITLE:    Lake Sturgeon Research                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To study the biology and management of lake sturgeon        
populations in Wisconsin waters.                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:    7000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ST                  /  /       /  /         7,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Binkowski, F.       UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000155
TITLE:    Development, Structure, and Metabolic Role of Membranes of  
          Methanotrophic Bacteria.                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To understand the cellular biochemistry of bacteria that    
oxidize methane.                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 15, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 14, 95
TOTAL_COST:  199000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSF                 /  /       /  /        65,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Collins, M.L.       UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000156
TITLE:    Walleye Stock Differentiation and Analysis of Recruit       
          Contributions in Lake Winnebago.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To conduct Lake Winnebago walleye stocking analyses.        
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:    6330.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WDNR                /  /       /  /         6,320.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Ehlinger, T.        UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000157
TITLE:    Effects of Consumption of Great Lakes Fish on Mink          
          Reproduction.                                               
OBJECTIVE:
To determine in mink the reproductive effects of dietary    
exposure to PCB-contaminated Great Lakes fish over two      
breeding seasons; and to determine the effects of in utero  
and lactational exposure to contaminants contained in Great 
Lakes fish on the subsequent sexual development, sexual     
behavior, and reproductive performance of mink.             
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   89000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MGLPF               /  /       /  /        89,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Auerlich, R.        MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000158
TITLE:    Assessing Atmospheric Levels and Transport of Toxic         
          Contaminants in Michigan.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To assess over a two-year period the atmospheric            
concentrations of the persistent pollutants found in the    
Great Lakes Basin; to delineate the important transport and 
deposition pathways of these pollutants.                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   72000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MGLPF               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Foy, J.             MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000159
TITLE:    Analysis Methods and Biochemical Mechanisms of Action of    
          Chlorinated Aromatic Compounds in Biota of the Great Lakes  
          Region.                                                     
OBJECTIVE:
To develop techniques to determine the concentrations of    
potentially toxic compounds in the tissues of wildlife from 
the Great Lakes and to deterimine their                     
biological/toxicological activity.                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   72000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MGLPF               /  /       /  /        72,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Denison, M.         MSU
Geisy, J.           MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000160
TITLE:    Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopes as Tracers of Food Webs and    
          Biogeochemical Cycles in Perturbed Estuaries.               
OBJECTIVE:
To improve understanding of biogeochemical functions of     
freshwater estuarine environments; to estimate the fraction 
of carbon and nitrogen that is gained or lost from the      
atmosphere relative to fractions permanently buried and     
exported from the system; to determine the efficiency and   
pathways of carbon and nitrogen recycling in sediments; to  
ascertain and follow changing food web interrelationships   
and trophic structure; to determine the importance of major 
perturbations to these systems due to the zebra mussel      
invasion and the predicted shift in benthic/pelagic carbon  
and energy partitioning; to link the changing food chain    
hierarchy to contaminant levels and movement within the     
system.                                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:   85000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAA                /  /       /  /        85,000.00 
WI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Klump, J.V.         UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000161
TITLE:    In Situ Sediment-Water Exchange Process Studies in the Great
          Lakes.                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To compare areal production/consumption rates with measured 
fluxes and measurements of chemical gradients at the benthic
boundary layer in sediment porewater and overlaying bottom  
waters.                                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   70000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
UCT                 /  /       /  /        70,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Klump, J.V.         UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000162
TITLE:    Assessing the Sources of Atmospheric Mercury Deposited in   
          Michigan.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
To establish three mercury monitoring sites in Michigan for 
investigating the transport and deposition, and determining 
the sources of this Great Lakes contaminant.                
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   98000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MGLPF               /  /       /  /        98,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Keeler, G.          UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000163
TITLE:    The Influence of Atmospheric Deposition on the Toxicity of  
          Surface Microlayers.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
To better understand the pathways and exchange rates of     
atmospheric pollutants measured in the Great Lakes; to      
explore the relationship between toxicity in the water and  
the simultaneous concentrations of contaminants in three    
different compartments -- air, microlayer and subsurface    
water; to delineate the magnitude of pollutant transfer     
between air and water, and its possible toxic effects on    
indigenous biota; to investigate the role of surface        
microlayers in gas exchange between air and water,          
particularly for PCBs, PAHs, pesticides, and mercury.       
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   67000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MGLPF               /  /       /  /        67,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Meier, P.           UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000164
TITLE:    The Legacy of Mining Around Lake Superior: Ecosystem Effects
          of Copper Mining.                                           
OBJECTIVE:
To document the long-distance transport of mining-derived   
metals from tailing sites into the interior sediments of    
Lake Superior; to estimate directly the atmospheric         
deposition rates of heavy metals; to describe the impact of 
resuspended tailing clays on both pelagic and benthic       
invertebrates that occur along the path of resuspended      
material; to reconstruct the historical extent of           
perturbations; to make an accurate determination of copper  
net storage and movements in lake sediments, the direct     
versus indirect suppression of benthic invertebrate         
communities, and reconstructing the historical extent of    
discharge impacts; to calculate flux rates, net accumulation
rates, and benthic organism impacts; to calibrate present   
disturbances and forecast future ecosystem impacts as       
sediments are moved from original sources towards deeper    
waters.                                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:  100000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MGLPF               /  /       /  /       100,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Kerfoot, C.         MTU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000167
TITLE:    Direct Numerical Simulation of Homogenous Turbulence for    
          Planktonic Organisms.                                       
OBJECTIVE:
The mimicking of zooplankton swimming in turbulent          
environments and the development of a swimming model.       
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   40500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSF                 /  /       /  /        40,500.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Strickler, J.       UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000168
TITLE:    An Individual-Based Approach to the Survival of Larval and  
          Juvenile Fish: Modelling and Experiments.                   
OBJECTIVE:
Experimentally evaluate the effects of body size and        
intermittent feeding the growth and survival of starving    
fish larva; experimentally evaluate the effects of size and 
feeding level on growth rate variability; formulate a       
comprehensive individual-based model of larval growth and   
survival; extend the model to interacting size-structured   
populations and compare its efficacy to that of other       
population modeling approaches.                             
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  176960.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAASG            92/09/01   93/08/31      73,000.00 
NOAASG            93/09/01   94/08/31      21,970.00 
UWI               92/09/01   93/08/31      29,290.00 
UWI               93/09/01   94/08/31      42,320.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Binkowski, F.       UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000169
TITLE:    Great Lakes Ecological Process Pilot Studies: Green Bay     
          Field Data Collection and Analysis.                         
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 15, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 92
TOTAL_COST:   19600.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA               /  /       /  /        19,600.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Brooks, A.S.        UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000170
TITLE:    The Potential of Newly Characterized Microbial Metabolic    
          Activities for Bioremediation of Sediment Environments.     
OBJECTIVE:
To assess the potential for using metal reducing and        
elemental sulfur reducers from the oxidation of organic     
carbon pollutants; to screen for the ability to degrade     
organic pollutants anaerobically; to characterize           
physiologically those factors regulating anaerobic          
respiration.                                                
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  118860.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAASG            92/09/01   93/08/31      35,800.00 
NOAASG            93/09/01   94/08/31      37,370.00 
UWI               92/09/01   93/08/31      22,150.00 
UWI               93/09/01   94/08/31      60,840.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Nealson, K.H.       UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000171
TITLE:    Carbon Dioxide and Sulfite Assimilation in Lake Michigan.   
OBJECTIVE:
To establish CO2 fixation and reductive SO4 assimilation    
ratio envelope for euphotic zone microplankton.             
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   95270.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAASG            92/09/01   93/08/31      29,470.00 
NOAASG            93/09/01   94/08/31      30,870.00 
UWI               92/09/01   93/08/31      18,000.00 
UWI               93/09/01   94/08/31      47,600.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Cuhel, R.           UWI-Mi-CGLS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000172
TITLE:    Trophic Dynamics of a Changing Zooplankton Community.       
OBJECTIVE:
To improve understanding of food web relations,             
productivity, and recruitment processes through the         
investigation of large-scale natural perturbations, namely  
the introduction of the predators Bythothrepes and          
Leptodora; to provide insight into the adjustment of aquatic
ecosystems to the perturbations in their food webs caused by
the introduction of these species.                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: November 15, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  412000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSF               89/11/15   90/11/14     100,000.00 
NSF               90/11/15   91/11/14     104,000.00 
NSF               91/11/15   92/11/14     104,000.00 
NSF               92/11/15   93/10/31     104,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Lehman, J.          UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000173
TITLE:    Biogeochemical Response of the Lower Great Lakes to Nutrient
          Loading and Climate: Past, Present, and Future Trends in    
          Trophic State Variables.                                    
OBJECTIVE:
To elucidate the historical response  of the lower Great    
Lakes to nutrient enrichment and abatement, and provide a   
basis for monitoring changes in trophic state variables in  
other large, deep-water lakes.                              
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: November 15, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  331000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NSF               92/11/15   93/11/14     101,000.00 
NSF               93/11/15   94/11/14      97,940.00 
NSF               94/11/15   95/10/31     101,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Schleske, C.        UFL
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000174
TITLE:    Great Lakes Nearshore Hydrodynamics.                        
OBJECTIVE:
To synthesize the results of research studies on coastal    
hydrodynamics, biological processes, and water chemistry of 
the nearshore region and apply them to practical problems of
coastal environmental management and planning; to sponsor   
basic scientific research on outstanding coastal            
environmental problems through the Sea Grant Program; to    
cooperate with other federal agencies such as the USEPA,    
USGS, and USFWS, in their areas of expertise to develop     
comprehensive knowledge (biology, chemistry, physics) of    
each study area.                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 98
TOTAL_COST: 2000000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAA              92/10/01   93/09/30     500,000.00 
NOAA              93/10/01   94/09/30     500,000.00 
NOAA              94/10/01   95/09/30     500,000.00 
NOAA              95/10/01   96/09/30     500,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Liu, P.C.           GLERL
Quinn, F.H.         GLERL
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000175
TITLE:    Evaluation of Annual Beach and Nearshore Geomorphic Changes 
          Along the Lake Michigan Coast at Lake Forest, Illinois.     
OBJECTIVE:
To monitor annual beach and nearshore accretion and erosion 
at Forest Park Beach, Lake Forest, Illinois (Illinois coast 
of Lake Michigan). Annual bathymetric surveys used in       
volumetric calculations of accretion and erorsion.          
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   48000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
IDT               91/07/01   92/06/30      24,000.00 
IDT               92/07/01   93/06/30      24,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Chrzastowski M      ISGS
Trask C             ISGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000176
TITLE:    Annual Coastal Monitoring of Beach and Nearshore Changes at 
          North Point Marina, Illinois Coast of Lake Michigan.        
OBJECTIVE:
To monitor beach and nearshore accretion and erosion near   
this newly constructed (1987) marina for the purpose of     
assisting in remedial action and mitigation of any adverse  
impacts.                                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 88
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   70000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USGS-CCG          91/07/01   92/06/30      35,000.00 
USGS-CCG          92/07/01   93/06/30      35,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Chrzastowski M      ISGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000177
TITLE:    Competition for Food Among the Major Predators of Saginaw   
          Bay.                                                        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To analyze feeding, growth, and potential competition       
between perch and walleye in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron.       
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 86
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  200000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG             86/01/01   89/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
MIDNR             86/01/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
UMI               86/01/01   93/12/31           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Diana, J.S.         UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000178
TITLE:    Phosophorus Deficiency Indicators in the Lower Great Lakes  
          as a Means of Assessing Ecosystem Damage by Zebra Mussels.  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To conduct biochemical limnological investigations that     
relate to P-dynamics and indicators of P-deficiency in Lakes
Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario as well as in Saginaw    
Bay; to assess ecosystem damage resulting from the zebra    
mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion.                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:    7560.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CILER             93/04/01   93/09/30       7,560.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Heath, R.T.         KSU - WRRI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000179
TITLE:    Laboratory Diagnosis of Wildlife Mortality.                 
OBJECTIVE:
To determine causes of mortality, follow trends in          
mortality, and identify emerging wildlife health problems in
migratory animals and endangered species throughout the     
Great Lakes basin.                                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 75
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30      10,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Franson, J.C.       NWHRC
Meteyer, C.U.       NWHRC
Thomas, N.J.        NWHRC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000180
TITLE:    Community Development and PCB-Induced Alterations in the    
          Bacterial Assemblages of Benthic Nepheloid Layers.          
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To synthesize DNA probes to compare the similarity of       
bacterial assemblages in the Laurentian Great Lakes; to     
deterimine if elevated concentrations of PCBs induced       
changes in the species composition of bacterial assemblages.
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   33000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MN-SG             93/01/01   93/12/31      33,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hicks, R.E.         UMN
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000181
TITLE:    Comparative Growth of Lake Herring, Coregonus Artedii,      
          Stocks in Lake Superior.                                    
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify temporal and spatial changes in growth of lake  
herring in western Lake Superior.                           
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:   16000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MNDNR               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Pereira, D.         MNDNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000182
TITLE:    Caloric Density of Salmonine Prey Fishes in Lake Superior.  
OBJECTIVE:
To define caloric density of salmonine prey items so that an
existing bioenergetics model for Lake Superior can be       
refined.                                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   16500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MNDNR               /  /       /  /        16,500.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Vondracek, B.       MNDNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000183
TITLE:    Temperature Markings of Lake Trout Otoliths.                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To establish a methodology mass mark lake trout sac fry so  
that stocked lake trout can be later identified in western  
Lake Superior.                                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:    3000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MNDNR               /  /       /  /         3,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Negus, M.           MNDNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000184
TITLE:    Comparison of Lake Trout Index Netting Methods.             
OBJECTIVE:
To compare short term (one-half hour) spring and fall gill  
netting with standard lake survey experimental gill net sets
on lake trout in inland waters.                             
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:    6000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MNDNR               /  /       /  /         6,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Siesennop, G.       MNDNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000185
TITLE:    Steelhead parr survival in northshore streams.              
OBJECTIVE:
To develop a predictive model of steelhead parr survival to 
age 2.                                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:    7400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MNDNR               /  /       /  /         7,400.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Close, T.           MNDNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000186
TITLE:    Lake Erie Fisheries Research.                               
OBJECTIVE:
To continuously monitor Lake Erie fish populations within   
New York waters. Principal species are walleye, lake trout, 
yellow perch, smallmouth bass, smelt, and rainbow trout.    
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:  434000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NYSCF             93/04/01   94/03/31     108,000.00 
USFWS-WB          93/04/01   94/03/31     326,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Cornelius, F.       NYSDEC
Culligan, W.J       NYSDEC
Einhouse, D.W.      NYSDEC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000187
TITLE:    St. Lawrence River Assessment Programs.                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Walleye spawning assessment, warmwater fishes population    
assessment, zebra mussel density monitoring, forage fish    
assessment.                                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   21200.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NYSDEC            93/04/01   94/03/31       2,000.00 
NYSPA             93/04/01   94/03/31      19,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
LaFan, S.R.         NYSDEC
Schiavone, A.       NYSDEC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000188
TITLE:    Salmonid Fisheries Development in Lake Ontario.             
OBJECTIVE:
To monitor Lake Ontario salmonid species: lake trout, coho  
and chinook salmon, brown trout, Atlantic salmon, rainbow   
trout.                                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   50000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS-WB          93/04/01   94/03/31      50,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Abraham, B.         NYSDEC
Bishop, D.          NYSDEC
Eckert, T.H.        NYSDEC
LeTendre, G.C.      NYSDEC
McCullough, R.      NYSDEC
Schneider, C.       NYSDEC
Wilkinson, M.       NYSDEC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000189
TITLE:    Biological Control of Zebra Mussels (Dreissena Polymorpha)  
          by Redear Sunfish (Lepomis Microlophus).                    
OBJECTIVE:
To explore one possibility for the biological control of the
zebra mussel in inland lakes. The redear sunfish, a gamefish
stocked in Michigan inland lake waters, feeds on various    
native gastropods. The study will determine preferences by  
examining whether the redear sunfish will select the zebra  
mussel over other gastropods in its diet.                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:    5000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /         5,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Garling, D.         MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000190
TITLE:    Interaction Between Juvenile Fish and the Cladoceran        
          Bythotrepes: Behavioral Aspects of Predation.               
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To clarify the behavioral interactions between small fish   
and Bythotrepes and 1) indicate which size class of fish is 
most vulnerable to the behavioral changes induced by        
Bythotrepes, 2) provide important comparative information on
the feeding preferences of juvenile Great Lakes pelagic     
fishes, their memory and visual capabilities, as well as    
their response to a difficult food item, 3) determine their 
long-term response and whether fish can successfully ignore 
Bythotrepes when foraging and switch to alternative prey, or
behaviorally adapt to the spined item, and 4) to determine  
the consequences of their foraging, i.e., energetics and    
vulnerability to predators.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 07, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   87000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kerfoot, W.C.       MTU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000191
TITLE:    Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in       
          sediments of the Grand Calumet River.                       
OBJECTIVE:
(1) Conduct physical and chemical characterizations of      
sediment cores collected from sites that vary in PAH        
contamination; (2) Determine spatial variation in rates of  
aerobic phenanthrene biodegradation in sediment samples; (3)
Measure effect of aerobic/anaerobic status and phenanthrene 
concentration on biodegradation rate; (4) Determine the     
impact of sorption-desorption reactions upon biodegradation 
rate; and (5) Develop DNA probes for use in quantifying     
napthalene-degrading potential in sediment samples.         
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:   54000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
II-SG               /  /       /  /        27,000.00 
NOAASG              /  /       /  /        27,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Turco, R.F.         PU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000192
TITLE:    Efffects of Crayfish Grazing on Benthic Algal Standing      
          Crops, Turnover Rates and Productivity.                     
OBJECTIVE:
To study the algae/crayfish interaction from the "top down" 
perspective (benefits crayfish gain by feeding on algae).   
Abbreviated specific objectives include 1) to determine the 
relative importance of benthic algae, macroinvertebrates and
detritus in crayfish diets in situ, 2) to determine the     
relative lipid, carbohydrate and protein content of crayfish
dietary constituents, and 3) to determine assimilation      
efficiencies of crayfish in converting algal biomass into   
crayfish biomass.                                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   50000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
II-SG               /  /       /  /        27,500.00 
NOAASG              /  /       /  /        22,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Tuchman, N.C.       LUC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000193
TITLE:    Endocrine Regulation of Crustacean Growth.                  
OBJECTIVE:
The endocrine regulation of crustacean growth will be       
studied in crayfish species, including Orconectes virilis   
and Procambarus clarkii. Crayfish have considerable economic
potential in the Illinois-Indiana region both as a culinary 
product and as fish bait. The proposed research will focus  
on factors that stimulate molting by increasing the         
production of molting hormones (ecdysteroids) by Y-organs,  
the site of ecdysteroid synthesis.                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  150500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
II-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Borst, D.W.         ISU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000194
TITLE:    Genetics of Zebra Mussels: Critical Data for Ecological     
          Studies and Development of Effective Long-Term Control      
          Strategies.                                                 
OBJECTIVE:
Details about the population structure of zebra mussels is  
acute for the development of effective, long-term control   
methods. This project aims to determine: 1) if zebra mussels
within the Great Lakes represent a single, genetically      
uniform population or multiple discrete sub-populations, 2) 
if disjunct mussel populations within the Great Lakes       
represent separate introductions from Europe, and 3) if     
genetically discrete sub-populations exhibit different      
responses to control methods and environmental variables.   
Results could lead to development of effective, long-term   
strategies for zebra mussel control and show the need for   
basic biological information on exotic species before       
large-scale control plans are implemented.                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
II-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Marsden, J.E.       INHS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000195
TITLE:    Identification of actively used near-shore lake trout       
          spawning sites in southwestern Lake Michigan.               
OBJECTIVE:
1) Locate potential near-shore lake trout spawning areas    
using historic data, information from intensively studied   
spawning reefs in Lake Ontario, and on-site surveys; 2)     
determine whether stocked lake trout aggregate near and     
deposit eggs on near-shore reefs; 3) determine whether      
spawning is successful by trapping for emergent fry; and 4) 
examine viability of naturally-deposited eggs.              
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  133000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
II-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Marsden, J.E.       INHS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000196
TITLE:    Osmoregulatory Physiology of the Zebra Mussel.              
OBJECTIVE:
One important reason for the aggressive colonization of     
zebra mussels in fresh water is their free-swimming veliger 
stage which allows them to disperse over wide areas.        
Although common in marine species, this free-swimming       
veliger stage is unique to freshwater mollusks. This        
suggests that zebra mussels have developed an unusual       
physiological capacity to deal with osmotic stress. Chemical
and biological control agents that disrupt the cellular     
regulation of salt, water, and solute balance should be     
particularly effective in control of this species,          
especially if applied in this stage. The project will       
provide basic physiological data in selecting appropriate   
control agents.                                             
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ISU                 /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Preston, R.L.       ISU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000197
TITLE:    Sensory development and feeding behavior in the larval      
          alewife and rainbow smelt.                                  
OBJECTIVE:
The proposed studies will investigate the development of the
visual and lateral line systems in the context of larval    
feeding using behavioral and anatomical criteria, in the    
larval smelt and alewife. Specific objectives are to        
determine how and if anatomical changes in these two larval 
systems correlate with changes in feeding behavior.         
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   83670.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
LUC                 /  /       /  /        42,470.00 
NOAASG              /  /       /  /        40,890.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Jones, W.R.         LUC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000198
TITLE:    Contemporary and Historical Eolian Sand Transport in a      
          Coastal Dune Environment: South Shore, Lake Michigan,       
          Indiana.                                                    
OBJECTIVE:
Coastal foredunes are vital protection elements against     
coastal shore erosion because they act as barriers to wave  
action as reservoirs of sand. The primary source of sand to 
the foredune is the beach. But relatively little is known   
about how such characteristics as beach width, sediment     
availability, and sediment caliber interact with wind to    
influence foredune development. A program of field          
monitoring near Gary, Indiana will measure wind speed and   
direction and sand transport with periodic studies to       
clarify interactions between wind shear, sediment traits,   
and dune morphology. Findings should apply to other Great   
Lakes shorelines characterized by beach/dunes systems.      
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USGS                /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Olyphant, G.A.      IU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000199
TITLE:    Anatomical, reproductive and biochemical lesions in adult   
          ringbill gulls in response to dietary PCB exposure.         
OBJECTIVE:
To explore the suite of effects produced by dietary exposure
to HCBP, as well as pharmacodynamics, assimilation          
efficiency, and intergenerational PCB transfer. Tissue      
levels of HCBP will be correlated with sublethal effects    
ranging from reduction in titres of key enzymes to gross    
structural deformities and reproductive failure.            
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OSU                 /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fisher, S.W.        OSU
Slemons, R.         OSU
Stromberg, P.       OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000200
TITLE:    Partitioning of priority pollutants into edible fish and    
          quantitative human risk assessment.                         
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate dietary factors (lipid content of food, and     
fish; pollutant concentration in food) which can influence  
assimilation efficiency of PCBs from food into yellow perch 
tissue. Data will be used to amend existing risk assessment 
models to include influence of dietary factors.             
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Dabrowska, H.       OSU
Dabrowski, K.       OSU
Fisher, S.W.        OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000201
TITLE:    The relationship between critical body burden of hydrophobic
          contaminants and biological endpoints in aquatic            
          biomonitoring organisms.                                    
OBJECTIVE:
To test the hypothesis that environmental concentrations of 
contaminants needed to cause acute, chronic and sublethal   
effects may vary widely but tissue concentration at target  
site does not vary. Three different biomonitors which have  
different feeding mechanisms and exposure types will be     
used.                                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fisher, S.W.        OSU
Landrum, P.         OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000202
TITLE:    Toxicokinetics and residue-based toxicity measures for      
          sediment-associated contaminants.                           
                                                                      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To examine effects of several variables on bioaccumulation  
and the relationship of these variables to the body burden  
of contaminants at the target site in the organism.         
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CILER               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fisher              OSU
Kane-Driscoll       OSU
Landrum             OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000203
TITLE:    Foodchain contamination of edible fish through zebra        
          mussel-directed trophic transfer.                           
OBJECTIVE:
To explore the hypothesis that zebra mussels can radically  
alter contaminant cycling in the Great Lakes by funneling   
contaminants into a benthic foodchain dominated by          
gammarids. Quantitative measurements of trophic transfer are
being made to study this hypothesis that included several   
foodchain links associated with zebra mussels.              
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fisher, S.W.        OSU
Landrum, P.         OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000204
TITLE:    Mechanisms of bioaccumulation.                              
OBJECTIVE:
Measurements of bioaccumulation in aquatic invertebrates    
with different feeding habits will be made to determine the 
relative importance of direct absorption of dissolved       
chemicals vs. accumulation through ingestion of contaminated
media.                                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
OH-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fisher, S.W.        OSU
Traina, S.          OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000205
TITLE:    The use of potassium in the control of zebra mussels.       
OBJECTIVE:
The toxicity of several potassium salts and related salts to
the zebra mussel life stages was determined under different 
environmental conditions. The selectivity of potassium to   
nontarget organisms was measured by exposing 8 species of   
fish to potasium salts. The mode of action for potassium    
intoxication was explored using NMR spectroscopy and        
electrocardiography with the finding that potassium causes  
asphyxiation through ciliostasis.                           
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fisher, S.W.        OSU
Stromberg, P.       OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000206
TITLE:    Evaluation of molluscides for zebra mussel control.         
OBJECTIVE:
The research seeks new selective chemicals for controlling  
the zebra mussel. Thirty chemicals have been evaluated on   
zebra mussels, fish and native molluscs to determine the    
efficacy of each chemical for controlling zebra mussels and 
its selectivity on nontarget organisms. The research also   
investigates the efficacy of compounds with novel modes of  
action as prospective zebra mussel control agents.          
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NBS                 /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Fisher, S.W.        OSU
Reutter, J.         OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000207
TITLE:    Science and Environmental Education as a Means of Creating a
          Risk Literate Great Lakes Citizenry.                        
OBJECTIVE:
To assess the degree to which science educators in the      
public schools are applying the content of science education
to the real-life problem of decision-making under risk and  
uncertainty. To recommend curricula and training to enhance 
risk education in public schools.                           
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Peyton, R.B.        MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000208
TITLE:    Responses of Macrophytes and Associated Fish Larvae to Zebra
          Mussels in Saginaw Bay.                                     
OBJECTIVE:
One effect of zebra mussels is to increase water clarity.   
Scientists speculate that the increased light reaching lake 
bottom in shallow areas will cause macrophytes to be        
distributed more widely. This project will test this        
hypothesis and will also determine whether more macrophytes 
cause population increases in fish species that depend on   
submerged plants for food in their larval stage.            
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Batterson, T.       MSU
Coon, T.G.          MSU
McNabb, C.D.        MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000209
TITLE:    Remote Sensing Studies of Zebra Mussel Impacts in Saginaw   
          Bay.                                                        
OBJECTIVE:
The research will apply remote sensing technology to map and
quantify both spatial and temporal water qualtiy trends, in 
order to improve understanding of the water quality changes 
caused by zebra mussels. Geographic information systems     
(GIS) technology will be used to incorporate ground truth   
measurements into the remote imagery. The combination of    
remote sensing and GIS technology should provide new        
insights into broad-scale changes in biological, chemical,  
and physical characteristics of the Bay.                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
MIDNR               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Kerfoot, W.C.       MTU
Maclean, A.L.       MTU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000210
TITLE:    Prediction and Early Detection of Zebra Mussel Invasions of 
          the Inland Waters of Michigan.                              
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the rate, direction, and spatial pattern of the
spread of zebra mussels into Michigan's inland lakes.       
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Johnson, L.         GLERL
Carlton, J.T.       WC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000211
TITLE:    Physical and Biological Processes Influencing Recruitment of
          Rainbow Smelt.                                              
OBJECTIVE:
The rainbow smelt is a key forage species, predator, and    
competitor of other Great Lakes fish. The abundance of the  
smelt is highly variable from year to year, affecting the   
other species that interact with it. However, little is     
understood about the causes of this variability. This study 
seeks to identify the recruitment mechanisms influencing    
year class strength, thereby providing fishery managers with
the ability to predict smelt abundance and improve          
management decisions.                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Taylor W.           MSU
Winterstein S.      MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000212
TITLE:    Climate Effects on Recruitment of Lake Herring (Coregonus   
          artedi) in Lake Superior.                                   
OBJECTIVE:
To test the hypothesis that climate is the primary factor   
shaping year class strength in lake herring recruitment.    
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Bowen, S.H.         MTU
Maclean, A.L.       MTU
Selgeby, J.H.       NBS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000213
TITLE:    Resistance, Seakeeping, and Dynamic Stability of High-Speed 
          Planing Craft.                                              
OBJECTIVE:
To package knowledge regarding planing craft dynamics gained
from previous Sea Grant studies into an advanced            
workstation-based design package that can be used by small  
craft boat designers, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S.    
Navy.                                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Beier, K.           UMI
Troesch, A.W.       UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000214
TITLE:    A Nonlinear Probabalistic Approach to fishing Vessel        
          Capsizing.                                                  
OBJECTIVE:
This research will continue the efforts of recent Michigan  
Sea Grant research to develop better methods for analyzing  
vessel stability. The research seeks to develop a dynamical 
analysis that more realistically reflects the sometimes     
harsh ocean and lake environment. Criteria for vessel safety
will be distilled from the results for use by fishing vessel
designers, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the American Bureau of 
Shipping.                                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Shaw, S.W.          UMI
Troesch, A.W.       UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000215
TITLE:    The University of Michigan/Sea Grant/ Industry Consortium in
          Offshore Engineering.                                       
OBJECTIVE:
This Consortium, established in 1985, combines Sea Grant,   
industrial, and University of Michigan funds to support     
research and education in offshore engineering. Proposed    
projects undergo an external peer review and appraisal by an
executive committee comprised of industry, university, and  
Sea Grant representatives.                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bernitsas, M.       UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000216
TITLE:    Investigation of Fuzzy Mathematical Models for Path Control 
          of Surface Ships in Restricted Waters.                      
OBJECTIVE:
To explore the value of using Artificial Intelligence       
techniques to provide improved automatic path control for   
ships. Researchers will develop and evaluate nonlinear fuzzy
control, neural network control, and adaptive fuzzy control 
systems. These will be evaluated in computer simulations    
that will include a representative range of changes in      
nonlinear ship dynamics and external disturbances due to    
bottom changes, banks, currents, and passing ships.         
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MI-SG               /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
NOAASG              /  /       /  /             0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Cao, Yusong         UMI
Parsons, M.G.       UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000217
TITLE:    The Great Lakes Forecasting System.                         
OBJECTIVE:
To implement and test the Great Lakes Forecasting System for
real-time prediction of the physical status of each of the  
Great Lakes.                                                
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  300000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bedford, K.         OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000218
TITLE:    Coastal wind forecasts for the Great Lakes.                 
OBJECTIVE:
To test, evaluate, and make refinements to marine boundary  
layer physics in the mesoscale models for wind predictions  
over the Great Lakes. The focus will be on testing model    
performance over the coastal oceans and Great Lakes regions 
and looking for necessary changes in the grid representation
of the coast line geometry and topography, and modifications
to the boundary layer physics to improve its performance.   
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   79380.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Schwab, D.          GLERL
Rao, D.B.           NMC
O'Connor, W.        UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000219
TITLE:    Two-dimensional Great Lakes heat flux and heat storage      
          model.                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To investigate the possible effects of changing climate     
conditions by understanding lake surface energy flux and by 
developing a lake surface temperature model for each of the 
Great Lakes.                                                
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   40210.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Croley, T.E.        GLERL
Schneider, K.       UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000220
TITLE:    Assessment of nutrient dynamics and ecological changes in   
          Lake Michigan associated with long-term monitoring and      
          formation of vernal thermal fronts.                         
OBJECTIVE:
(a) Determination of seasonal and long-term trends to       
enhance understanding of the ecosystem; (b) Detection of    
water quality and ecological changes due to perturbations by
climate change, nutrient pollution, toxic contamination,    
exotic species introduction, and fish management; and (c)   
Expansion of a database describing water quality and        
ecological conditions of open-water Lake Michigan.          
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   43600.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Laird-Pernie        GLERL
Johengen            UMI
Moll                UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000221
TITLE:    Biological Productivity Along Thermal Fronts and in Coastal 
          Waters.                                                     
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   60000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Brooks, A.          UWI-Mi
Sandgren, C.        UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000222
TITLE:    Modeling Lake Michigan Circulation and Thermal Structure.   
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   10160.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
daSilva, A.         UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000223
TITLE:    Coastal Hydrodynamics in Southern Lake Michigan: A Planning 
          Proposal.                                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Green, T.           UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000224
TITLE:    Milwaukee Nearshore Hydrodynamic Study.                     
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 01, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Lee, K.K.           UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000225
TITLE:    The Pollution Plume Outside Milwaukee Harbor and Its        
          Relationship to the Quality of the Water Taken into the     
          Linnwood and Howard Avenue Filtration Plants.               
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Christensen E.      UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000226
TITLE:    Nearshore Investigation of the Topography of the Bay Mills  
          Region of Lake Superior.                                    
OBJECTIVE:
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   18500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Meadows, G.         CILER
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000227
TITLE:    Early Diagenesis of Organic Matter in Sediments of the Great
          Lakes.                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To examine the early diagenisis rates and effects of organic
matter in sediments in Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.          
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   18000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Eadie, B.J.         GLERL
Meyers, P.A.        UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000228
TITLE:    Investigation of Methods to Preserve Variability in         
          Simulated Great Lakes Water Levels.                         
OBJECTIVE:
This study seeks: (1) to test the hypothesis that the       
"residual" method for computing net basin supplies          
introduces an autocorrelation structure to the supplies     
which mimics long-term persistence, especially on the lower 
Great Lakes; (2) to develop and demonstrate a multivariate  
(ARMA(1,1)) model for simulating monthly net basin supplies 
with long-term persistence; (3) to determine whether this   
multivariate ARMA model can preserve the variability of     
Great Lakes monthly water levels and to examine the         
sensitivity of simulation results to model parameters; and  
(4) to quantify how the variance of Lake Erie wter levels   
affects the variance of Lake Michigan-Huron water levels.   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 15, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Quinn, F.           GLERL
Buchberger, S.      UC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000229
TITLE:    Evaluating the exposure represented by using whole sediment,
          porewater, and elutriates for assessing sediment-associated 
          contaminants.                                               
OBJECTIVE:
This research will examine the extent of exposure and       
response of selected benthic species exposed to whole       
sediment, porewater, and standard elutriate for a series of 
organic compounds with a range of physical-chemical         
properties.                                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   16800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Landrum, P.         GLERL
Kukkonen, J.        UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000230
TITLE:    Development of Species-Specific Research Protocols for the  
          Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha).                        
OBJECTIVE:
This project will develop a series of zebra mussel-specific 
research protocols, have them accepted by the Research      
Protocol Committee of the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task     
Force, and make them available to the research community for
incoporation into research proposals seeking funding to     
conduct zebra mussel research in the United States.         
PROJECT_START_DATE: December 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 12, 93
TOTAL_COST:    7590.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Reid, D.            GLERL
Johengen, T.        UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000231
TITLE:    History of accumulation of contaminants and biological      
          indicators in sediments of the Great Lakes and contiguous   
          water bodies.                                               
OBJECTIVE:
To use several analytical methods to establish relationships
between biological indicators, particularly biogenic silica,
and selected metal contaminants in previously collected and 
dated sediment cores.                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 30, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:    2190.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Robbins, J.         GLERL
Root, R.            UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000232
TITLE:    Assimilation of selected PAHs and PCBs sorbed to sediment by
          benthic invertebrates.                                      
OBJECTIVE:
This study will define the relative importance of ingestion 
to bioaccumulation by measuring assimilation efficiencies   
for invertebrates exposed to sediment-sorbed zenobiotics. In
addition, a standard method for determining assimilation    
efficiencies will be developed so that comparisons can be   
made among species and chemicals.                           
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    2170.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Landrum, P.         GLERL
Harkey, G.          UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000233
TITLE:    Human Health Consequences of Consuming Mercury and          
          Organochlorine Contaminated Fish: Ojibwa Health and Fish    
          Consumption Studies.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
Great Lakes fish are known to be contaminated with          
carcinogens, neurotoxins, and xenoestrogenic chemicals. This
research program uses epidemiology, rodent bioassays, human 
neurobehavioral testings and biomarkers to determine the    
potential health risks to native Americans of consuming     
Great Lakes fish.                                           
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  584960.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Dellinger, J.       MCW
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000234
TITLE:    Regrowth of chlorine-injured fecal-indicator bacteria in    
          receiving waters.                                           
OBJECTIVE:
The objectives are to (1) quantify regrowth of              
chlorine-injured fecal-coliform bacteria in chlorinated and 
dechlorinated wastewater effluents and combined sewer       
overflows, (2) determine the effects of wastewater treatment
and ambient water-quality conditions on regrowth rates, and 
(3) determine the importance of bacteria regrowth in the    
assessment of recreational water quality.                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  424100.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NEORSD            93/10/01   94/09/30      11,250.00 
NEORSD            94/10/01   95/09/30      11,250.00 
NEORSD            95/10/01   96/09/30       1,800.00 
OWDA              93/10/01   94/09/30      89,600.00 
OWDA              94/10/01   95/09/30      89,600.00 
OWDA              95/10/01   96/09/30      44,100.00 
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30      68,850.00 
USGS              94/10/01   95/09/30      68,850.00 
USGS              95/10/01   96/09/30      38,800.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Francy, D.          USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000235
TITLE:    Bacteriologic and Hydrologic Processes Controlling          
          Fecal-Indicator Bacteria in the Cuyahoga River,Ohio.        
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The objectives of this project are to qualifyprocesses      
including transport,die-off, deposition and resuspension of 
Escherichia coli (E. coli) and fecal-coliform bacteria in a 
segment of the Cuyahoga River. Measurement of these         
processes will be applied in model simulations of the river 
to predict when levels of E. coli and fecal-coliform        
bacteria will exceed established safe levels during         
wet-weather periods.                                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  396000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
Akron,Ohio        91/10/01   92/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
Akron,Ohio        92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
CRCPO             91/10/01   92/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
CRCPO             92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
NEORSD            91/10/01   92/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
NEORSD            92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
OWDA              91/10/01   92/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
OWDA              92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
SCo               91/10/01   92/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
SCo               92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
USGS              91/10/01   92/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Myers, D.           USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000236
TITLE:    Lake Erie Tributary Loading--Ohio,Indiana, and Michigan     
OBJECTIVE:
Determine loads of suspended-sediment, total phosphorus,    
Total Kjeldahl-nitrogen, nitrate plus nitrite-nitrogen, and 
chloride; and report concentrations of the herbicide        
alachlor for several streams tributary to Lake Erie.        
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 87
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:  148590.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ODNR              91/10/01   92/09/30      44,290.00 
ODNR              92/10/01   93/09/30      30,000.00 
USGS              91/10/01   92/09/30      44,290.00 
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30      30,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Roberts, J.         USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000237
TITLE:    Efffects of Highway Deicing Chemicals on Shallow,           
          Unconsolidated Aquifers in Ohio.                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Determine the effects of highway-deicing chemicals on the   
ground-water quality of shallow, unconfined aquifers near a 
state highway using multilevel wells instilled downgradient 
from the highway and sampled monthly.                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 88
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 98
TOTAL_COST:  614580.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ODT               90/10/01   91/09/30     131,730.00 
ODT               91/10/01   92/09/30     175,560.00 
USGS              90/10/01   91/09/30     131,730.00 
USGS              91/10/01   92/09/30     175,560.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Jones, A.           USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000238
TITLE:    Estimation of Peak-Frequency Relations, Flood Hydrographs,  
          Volume_Duration-Frequency Relations of Ungaged SmallUrban   
          Streams in Ohio.                                            
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Develop statewide multiple-regression equations for         
estimating peak discharges, basin lagtimes, and             
volume-duration-frequency relations at ungaged urban sites  
from physical and climatic variables and a measure of basin 
development. Develop a method to estimate flood hydrographs 
of ungaged urban streams in Ohio.                           
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 91
TOTAL_COST:   20480.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ODT               90/10/01   91/09/30      10,240.00 
USGS              90/10/01   91/09/30      10,240.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Sherwood, J.        USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000239
TITLE:    Calibration of a Dynamic Streamflow Simulation Model for    
          Summit County, Ohio.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
The major objective of the study is to provide Summit County
engineers with a means of accurately testing the effects of 
proposed development and runoff-controlling mechanisms on   
the flood characteristics of two drainage basins and        
numerous subbasins in west-central Summit County. The       
analytical tool to eb developed will be based on on-site    
streamflowand rainfall data and will providedetailed        
information on peak-discharge frequency, volume-duration    
frequency, flood profiles, flood hydrographs, and flow      
velocities.                                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 31, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:  317400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SCo               90/10/01   91/09/30      35,000.00 
SCo               91/10/01   92/09/30      40,000.00 
SCo               92/10/01   93/09/30      40,000.00 
SCo               93/10/01   94/09/30      43,700.00 
USGS              90/10/01   91/09/30      35,000.00 
USGS              91/10/01   92/09/30      40,000.00 
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30      40,000.00 
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30      43,700.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Sherwood, J.        USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000240
TITLE:    Effects of Stormwater Detention in Wetlands of the Lower    
          Irondequoit Creek Basin near Rochester, NY.                 
OBJECTIVE:
Evaluate the use of the floodplain wetlands at the mouth of 
the Irondequoit Creek as a nutient and sediment filter.     
Determine the effects of dispersing stormwater runoff on a  
monocultural cattail wetland following glow modification.   
Document the present flora and fauna structure of the       
wetland and evaluate ecosystem changes that might improve   
the multiple-use value of the wetland resource.             
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 89
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST: 1208000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wetlands
FUNDING_AGENCY:
DEH               89/10/01   96/09/30     635,000.00 
USGS              89/10/01   96/09/30     573,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Coon, W.            USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000241
TITLE:    Use of Wetland systems to treat landfill Leachate.          
OBJECTIVE:
Determine whether treated landfill leachate discharged from 
a constructed wetland system meets State and national       
pollution-discharge-elimination standards, and identify the 
nature of water-renovating processes with the system and    
their capacity to treat the leachate.                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  446000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NYS-MC-DPW        92/06/01   96/09/30      55,750.00 
NYSARDA           92/06/01   96/09/30     167,250.00 
USGS              92/06/01   96/09/30     223,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Surface, J.         USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000242
TITLE:    Attenuation of trichloroethylene and it's metabolism in     
          ground water by indigenous microorganisms at the Bell       
          Aerospace Textron Plant, Niagara Falls, N.Y.                
OBJECTIVE:
Verify the microbial degradation of TCE at the Bell         
Aerospace Textron plant and determine the fate of vinyl     
chloride. In particular:                                    
(1) establish the dominant geochemical and biochemical      
reactions and,                                              
(2) determine whether the native microbial community has    
adapted to metabolize vinyl chloride to ethene.             
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  116800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CU                94/10/01   95/09/30      18,080.00 
SUNY              94/10/01   95/09/30      72,320.00 
TDS               94/10/01   95/09/30       6,400.00 
USGS              94/10/01   95/09/30      20,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Madsen, E.          USGS
Yager, R.           USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000243
TITLE:    Regional Aquifer System Analysis of the Michigan Basin.     
OBJECTIVE:
1) Describe the geologic, hydrologic, and chemical-quality  
characteristics of the Marshall, Saginaw, and Glacio fluvial
aquifers in the central lower peninsula of Michigan.        
2) Delineate the vertical and areal extent of fresh water in
the aquifers.                                               
3) Relate chemistry of ground water to ground-water-flow    
directions.                                                 
4) Develop a regional ground-water-flow model to simulate   
ground-water flow under predevelopment conditions.          
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 86
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  820000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USGS              86/10/01   94/09/30     820,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Grannemann, N.      USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000244
TITLE:    Characterization of water quality from selected combined    
          sewer overflows, Detroit, Michigan.                         
OBJECTIVE:
1)Characterize storm-related water quality(discharge) and   
quality for selected representative CSOs discharging to the 
Detroit River.                                              
2) Calculate annual pollutant loads.                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 01, 95
TOTAL_COST:  432000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SEMCOG            92/10/01   93/09/30     196,360.00 
SEMCOG            93/10/01   94/09/30     143,630.00 
SEMCOG            94/10/01   95/09/30      22,000.00 
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30      30,000.00 
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30      30,000.00 
USGS              94/10/01   95/09/30      10,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Fujita, G.          USGS
Riggs, J.           USGS
Sweat, M.           USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000245
TITLE:    Water-use data in Michigan.                                 
OBJECTIVE:
1) Compile water-use data for publication in a five year    
report series titled "Estimated Use of Water in the U.S."   
2) Support the development of the Great Lakes Regional      
Water_use Data Base housed in Ann Arbor, Michigan.          
3) Assist the analysis of ground-water and surface-water    
resources by providing project-specific water-use data.     
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  129020.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             93/10/01   94/09/30      24,510.00 
TCRPC             93/10/01   94/09/30      40,000.00 
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30      64,510.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Holtschlag,D.       USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000246
TITLE:    Assessment and evaluation of the Saginaw and Grand River    
          Aquifer Systems in the Lansing area, Michigan.              
OBJECTIVE:
1) Define the geologic and hydrologic characteristics of    
aquifers in the Lansing area.                               
2) Describe the historic changes in ground-water levels in  
the Lansing area.                                           
3) Estimate the average ground-water component of stream    
flow at sites of continuous and miscellaneous stream flow   
measurement.                                                
4) Develop a ground-water flow model to predict impacts of  
ground-water withdrawals and to provide a means of          
minimizing the impact of pumping on water levels.           
5) Identify areas favorable for developing new well fields. 
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   45350.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
TCRPC             93/10/01   94/09/30      45,350.00 
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30      45,350.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Holtschlag, D.      USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000247
TITLE:    Lake Michigan Tributary monitoring.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Define occurence and mobility of some of the major          
pollutants in the large tributaries to Lake Michigan.       
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  858000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             92/10/01   93/09/30     149,000.00 
USEPA             93/10/01   94/09/30     352,000.00 
USEPA             94/10/01   95/09/30     264,000.00 
USEPA             95/10/01   96/09/30      93,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Behrendt, T.        USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000248
TITLE:    Quality of Atmospheric Deposition in the Grand Calumet River
          Watershed, Northwestern Indiana.                            
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the relative importance of atmosperic deposition
as a source of nonpoint source pollution in the Grand       
Calumet Watershed. Specific tasks to accomplish this goal   
are:                                                        
1) To evaluate the feasibility of using modified existing   
wet-deposition collectors for the collection of             
precipitation samples for the analysis of trace metals and  
major ions;                                                 
2) To develop standard methods for the collection of trace  
metals in precipitation;                                    
3) To estimate the annual loadings of these constituents to 
Northwestern Indiana.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  211910.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
IDEM              91/10/01   92/09/30     104,900.00 
IDEM              92/10/01   93/09/30     103,090.00 
IDEM              93/10/01   94/09/30       3,920.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Willoughby, T.      USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000249
TITLE:    Great Lakes Trace Metal.                                    
OBJECTIVE:
1) Develop methods and design equipment that employ         
ultraclean techniques for the collection of                 
discharge-weighted stream samples for trace(parts per       
trillion) level contaminants.                               
2)Estimate loads to Lake Superior of the specified          
contaminants from the 11 selected streams and determine the 
important parameters that control contaminant loads across  
these streams.                                              
3)      nvestigate the cycling processes that control the 
transport and transformation of trace metals in the         
air/soil/ground water/stream aquatic system.                
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  160000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
WDNR              92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
WDNR              93/10/01   94/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Krabbebhoft,D.      USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000250
TITLE:    Effects of microbial activity on sediment/water exchange of 
          polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in the lower Fox River,  
          Wisconsin.                                                  
OBJECTIVE:
Describe the role of microbial activity in the controlling  
sediment/water exchange of PCB congeners and determine the  
extent to which microbially-mediated exchange is dependent  
on total PCB concentration and congener composition.        
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  232670.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
WDNR              92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
WDNR              93/10/01   94/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Elder, J.           USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000251
TITLE:    Lake Michigan Mass Balance.                                 
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Describe the occurence and mobility of some of the major    
pollutants in the larger tributaries to Lake Michigan. The  
pollutants to be studied include PCB congeners, dieldrin,   
and chlordane. Loads of the target pollutants will be       
calculated for both dissolved and particulate fractions.    
Addotional parameters needed for model calibration include  
organic carbon, nutrients, chlorophyll, alkalinity, water   
temperature, suspended solids, pH, conductivity, dissolved  
oxygen, and chloride.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  562000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ERL-A             92/10/01   93/09/30      91,000.00 
ERL-A             93/10/01   94/09/30     380,000.00 
WDNR              92/10/01   93/09/30      91,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hughes, P.          USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000252
TITLE:    Transport and Biogeochemical Cycling of PCBs in the         
          Milwaukee River-The Importance of Algal Dynamics.           
OBJECTIVE:
Determine the link between algal dynamics and PCB transport 
by: Characterizing Tss in the river as biogenic(algal) and  
detrital components, and determine PCB, organic, and lipid  
concentrations of each fraction; mapping the areal extent of
PCB-contaminated, soft-resuspendable sediment, evaluating   
the link between algal uptake of PCBs and concentration of  
PCBs in TSS and resuspendable surficial sediments;          
incorporating the effect of algal dynamics in transport and 
mass balance models of PCBs in the Milwaukee River system.  
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:  467000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
WDNR              92/10/01   93/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
WDNR              93/10/01   94/09/30           0.00   Cdn*1.27
INVESTIGATORS:
Steuer, J.          USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000253
TITLE:    National Water-Quality Assessment of Western Lake Michigan  
          Study Unit.                                                 
OBJECTIVE:
1) Provide a nationally consistent description of current   
water-quality conditions for the study unit.                
2) Define long-term trends(or lack of trends) in            
water-quality.                                              
3) Identify, describe, and explain, to the extent possible, 
the major factors that affect observed water-quality        
conditions and trends.                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: December 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST: 4107200.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USGS              90/12/01   91/09/30     247,000.00 
USGS              91/10/01   92/09/30   1,094,200.00 
USGS              92/10/01   93/09/30   1,266,000.00 
USGS              93/10/01   94/09/30   1,500,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Peters, C.          USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000254
TITLE:    Great Lakes Loading.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
The first component consists of deriving statistical        
relationships between discharge and stream load(suspended   
sediment and PCB)for all streams and rivers of significant  
size in the U.S. part of the Lake Michigan and Lake Superior
drainages.                                                  
The second component is to determine flows and the duration 
of the flows for extreme events for all gaged rivers in the 
drainages.                                                  
Using the relationship between discharge and load with the  
description of the extreme events, all of the streams and   
rivers will be ordered based on their ability to transport  
suspended sediment and PCBs to Lake Michigan and Superior.  
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   17500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
ERL-A             93/10/01   94/09/30      17,500.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Robertson, D.       USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000255
TITLE:    Lake Superior Trib.                                         
OBJECTIVE:
Describe the occurence and mobility of dissolved and        
particulate total mercury and methyl mercury in the larger  
tributaries to Lake Superior. Loads of the target pollutants
will be calculated for both dissolved and particulate       
fractions.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: March 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  140150.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WDNR              93/03/01   94/09/30      75,200.00 
WDNR              94/10/01   95/09/30      64,950.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hughes, P.          USGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000256
TITLE:    ffects of change in ambient temperature on Great Lakes fish 
          populations.                                                
OBJECTIVE:
To develop the ability to forecast the probable effects of  
global warming on the population dynamics and species       
assemblages of Great Lakes forage fish.                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 01, 95
TOTAL_COST:  239500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             90/10/01   91/09/30      34,200.00 
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30      63,300.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30      75,000.00 
USFWS             93/10/01   94/09/30      67,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Brown, E.           USFWS
Eck, G.             USFWS
Fabrizio,M.         USFWS
O'Gorman, R.        USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000257
TITLE:    Fish population dynamics and factors affecting species      
          interactions and fish community structure-Lake Michigan.    
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify the population dynamics, life histories, and    
food web interaction of Lake Michigan fishes for use in     
predicting the consequences of natural and human-induced    
perturbations on fishery productivity.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  384800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     191,600.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     193,200.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Brown, E.           USFWS
Eck, G.             USFWS
Hatcher, C.         USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000258
TITLE:    Fish population dynamics and factors affecting species      
          interactions and fish community structure-Lake Superior.    
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify the population dynamics, life histories, and    
food web interactions of Lake Superior fishes for use in    
predicting the consequences of natural and human-induced    
perturbations on fishery productivity.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  786100.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     320,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     466,100.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Bronte, C.          USFWS
Hoff, M.            USFWS
Selgeby, J.         USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000259
TITLE:    Fish population dynamics and factors affecting species      
          interactions and community structure-Lake Huron.            
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify the population dynamics, life histories, and    
food web interactions of Lake Huron fishes for use in       
predicting the consequences of natural and human-induced    
perturbations on fishery productivity.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  563000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     276,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     287,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Argyle, R.          USFWS
Bowen, C.           USFWS
Curtis, G.          USFWS
Fleischer, G.       USFWS
Stedman, R.         USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000260
TITLE:    Population dynamics and ecology of native coregonines.      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the abundance levels and characterize stock    
structure and stock dynamics, morphometrics, and ecological 
interactions of coregonine populations.                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  563000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     276,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     287,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Bowen, C.           USFWS
Fleischer, G.       USFWS
Stedman, R.         USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000261
TITLE:    Fish population dynamics and factors affecting species      
          interactions and community structure-Lake Erie.             
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify the population dynamics, life histories, and    
food web interactions of Lake Erie fishes for use in        
predicting the consquences of natural and human-induced     
perturbations on fishery productivity.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  624900.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     315,100.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     309,800.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Bur, M.             USFWS
Madenjian, C.       USFWS
Muth, K.            USFWS
Wolfert, D.         USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000262
TITLE:    Fish populations dynamics and factors affecting species     
          interactions and community structure-Lake Ontario.          
OBJECTIVE:
To quantify the population dynamics, life histories, and    
food web interactions of Lake Ontario fishes for use in     
predicting the consequences of natural and human-induced    
perturbations on fishery productivity.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  467000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     230,300.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     236,700.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Elrod, J.           USFWS
O'Gorman, R.        USFWS
Owens, R.           USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000263
TITLE:    Dynamics of Great Lakes fish communities.                   
OBJECTIVE:
To identify factors associated with changes in Great Lakes  
fish communities and possible impediments to restoration of 
native species, and to quantitatively describe the dynamics 
of Great Lakes fish communities.                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:  327500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     152,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     175,500.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Fabrizio, M.        USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000264
TITLE:    Development and implementation of an integrated(acoustic and
          trawl) prey fish assessment strategy  for Lake Michigan     
OBJECTIVE:
To develop the strategy and sampling protocols for an       
integrated survey system that will define the relations     
important to prey fish communities.                         
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:  350000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     125,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     225,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Argyle, R.          USFWS
Curtis, G.          USFWS
Fleischer, G.       USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000265
TITLE:    Food web dynamics of the Great Lakes.                       
OBJECTIVE:
Determine food web dynamics in trophic quilds of the Great  
Lakes with emphasis on pelagic-benthic community            
interactions.                                               
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  650900.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     332,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     318,900.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Blouin, M.          USFWS
Davis, B.           USFWS
Hudson, P.          USFWS
Savino, J.          USFWS
Todd, T.            USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000266
TITLE:    Interactions of Biotic and Abiotic components in Great Lakes
          Wetland and Nearshore Aquatic Habitats.                     
OBJECTIVE:
Investigate the interactions between abiotic forces,        
processes, and physical habitats in the nearshore zone and  
the biotic communities that they support;                   
Determine the responses to environ. chg. and dev. eff. fish 
mgmt. strategies.                                           
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:  334900.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wetlands
Shoreline
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     188,600.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     146,300.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Gannon, J.          USFWS
Wilcox, D.          USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000267
TITLE:    Effects of the Exotic Zebra Mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, on
          fishery resources and habitats in the Great Lakes.          
OBJECTIVE:
Determine                                                   
1) the effects of zebra mussles on native faunal species and
fish habitat.                                               
2) feasibility of biological control.                       
3)relationships between growth/mortality rates and          
reproductive cycles of zebra mussels and various environment
parameters.                                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  572400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     242,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     330,400.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
French, J.          USFWS
Kennedy, G.         USFWS
Nichols, J.         USFWS
Schloesser, D.      USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000268
TITLE:    Factors contributing to the successful reproduction of Lake 
          Trout in Lake Huron.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
Determine factors contributing to reproductive success of a 
population of stocked lake trout in Lake Huron near         
Rockport, Michigan and use the information to develop a     
model to identify deficiences and rank potentential for     
reprod. at other sites.                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  260400.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     163,400.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30      97,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Edsall, T.          USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000269
TITLE:    Great Lakes Toxic Contaminants-Identificatin, Dynamics,     
          Status, and Trends.                                         
OBJECTIVE:
1)Identify and determine the dynamics of Great Lakes        
contaminants.                                               
2)Promote and coooperate in monitoring of hazardous         
contaminants present in Great Lakes water, sediment, and    
fish.                                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  442700.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     169,500.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     273,200.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Bowker, J.          USFWS
Hesselberg, R.      USFWS
Schmidt,L.          USFWS
Shoesmith, J.       USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000270
TITLE:    Contaminant Hazard Assessment in the Great Lakes.           
OBJECTIVE:
1)To perform hazard assessment of contaminants that pose a  
threat to fish and fisheries of the Great Lakes;            
2) To develop QSAR and risk assessment models relating to   
significance of Great Lakes contaminants to fishery         
managment.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  397600.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Fisheries
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     191,000.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     206,600.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hickey, J.          USFWS
Passino,D.          USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000271
TITLE:    Development of Fish Health Indicators for Great Lakes Fish. 
OBJECTIVE:
Develop and test indicators of individual fish health to    
contaminants nutrition or trauma for use in field           
application, such as assessment of reproduction, growth,    
cancer, and disease.                                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:  422300.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USFWS             91/10/01   92/09/30     250,400.00 
USFWS             92/10/01   93/09/30     166,900.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Edsall, C.          USFWS
Mueller, M.         USFWS
Noguchi, G.         USFWS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000272
TITLE:    Molecular Basis of the species differences in the           
          Neuroexcitatory Actions of Pyrethroid Insecticides.         
OBJECTIVE:
We have isolated a putative sodium channel cDNA from rainbow
trout brain and determined approximately 70% of the coding  
region sequence.Studies to compare the primary structure of 
the trout brain sodium channel to that of the rat at the    
molecular level and to correlate structural and functional  
differences by neurochemical and electrophysiologic analysis
of the channel expressed in mammalian cells are in progress.
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:  777690.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Eells, J.           MCW
Pleyte, K.          MCW
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000273
TITLE:    Localization of                                             
          2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin(TCDD)-Induced Cytochrome
          P4501A1 in Vascular Endothelium of early life stages(ELS)of 
          Lake Trout.                                                 
OBJECTIVE:
A hallmark sign of the developmental toxicity of TCDD in    
certain mammalian, avian, and fish species is an edema      
syndrome for which the mechanism is unknown.                
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 21, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 20, 94
TOTAL_COST:  173590.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
UWI               93/10/01   94/09/30      57,860.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
GUINEY, P.          UWI
Peterson, R.        UWI
Smolowitz, R.       UWI
Stegeman, J.        UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000274
TITLE:    Mode of Toxicity of a Cationic Polymer to Rainbow Trout.    
OBJECTIVE:
Water exposures of rainbow trout to varying concentrations  
of a 14c labeled epichlorhydrine-dimethylamine based        
polymer(EDP0 resulted in a 100% mortality response and a    
significant accumulation of 14c at the gills while trout in 
a combined exposure to EDP +humic acid were completely      
protected from mortality with no 14c at the gills. Gavage   
administered EDP did not result in mortality resposes.      
Analysis of selected blood gases and ions after water       
exposures revealed a decrease in blood pH with impairment of
ion regulation.                                             
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:  199920.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Friedman, M.        UWI
Kosteretz, K.       UWI
Lech, J.            UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000275
TITLE:    Microbial Potential for the Anaerobic Degradation of Simple 
          Aromatic compounds in Sediments of the Milwaukee Harbor,    
          Green Bay, and Lake Erie.                                   
OBJECTIVE:
The ability of microbial populations to mediate the         
anaerobic transformation of six aromatic compounds in       
sediments from the Milwaukee Harbor, Green Bay, and Lake    
Erie were examined.                                         
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 24, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 23, 94
TOTAL_COST:  197440.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Alatalo, L.         MCW
Myers, C.           MCW
Myers, J.           MCW
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000276
TITLE:    Identification of the Sex Determining Genes in Lake Trout.  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The objective of the project is to identify the male        
specific genes in salmonid fishes, so that a rapid          
noninvasive test for identification of sex in these fishes  
could be designed using polymerase chain reaction.          
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:   74000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Phillips, R.        UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000277
TITLE:    Sediment Oxygen Demand and Water Quality.                   
OBJECTIVE:
Universal principals and mechanisms will be identified for a
wide variety of situations. Procedures will be developed for
sampling, measuring, and predicting SOD and assessing its   
relationship to, and impact on, the water quality of CE     
water resource projects. The procedures will be suitable for
CE-wide application to reservoir, riverine, and estuarine   
environments.                                               
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:  333000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               93/10/01   94/09/30     135,000.00 
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30     130,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30      58,000.00 
WES               96/10/01   97/09/30      10,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Cerco, C.           WES
Gunnison, D.        WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000278
TITLE:    Water Quality Processes in Tailwaters.                      
OBJECTIVE:
Develop improved laboratory/field analytical techniques for 
distinquishing oxidized and reduced forms of selected       
chemical constituents in reservoir releases, improve the    
modeling capacity of Tailwater Quality Model(TWQM), assess  
water quality of reservoir releases relative to the fate and
distribution of constituents which impact downstream uses   
and biotic communities, delineate operational impacts on    
discharge quality, and evaluate the effect of site          
characteristics(geologic settings) on chemical processes.   
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:  575000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               93/10/01   94/09/30     100,000.00 
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30     200,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30     200,000.00 
WES               96/10/01   97/09/30      75,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Ashby, S.           WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000279
TITLE:    Factors Mediating Biotic and Abiotic Transformations of     
          Contaminants.                                               
OBJECTIVE:
Develop a procedure for determining the factors mediating   
the rate and extent at which organic contaminants are       
biodegraded in CE projects.                                 
Develop procedures that use these data to predict the biotic
and abiotic removal of the contaminants from CE project     
waters.                                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 98
TOTAL_COST:  470000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30      50,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30     130,000.00 
WES               96/10/01   97/09/30     145,000.00 
WES               97/10/01   98/09/30     145,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Gunnison, D.        WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000280
TITLE:    The effects of Turbidity on Fishes in Riverine Environments.
OBJECTIVE:
To describe interctions between turbidity and fish          
inriverine environments and develop quantitive relationships
for use in planning, impact prediction, and environmental   
engineering quidelines.                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:  340000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30      40,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30     125,000.00 
WES               96/10/01   97/09/30     175,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hoover, J.          WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000281
TITLE:    Mass Transfer(Gas Absorption) in Draft Tube Flows.          
OBJECTIVE:
To develop relationships between the gas transfer           
characteristics and the turbulent mixing (turbulence        
intensity) of high-shear flows typical of draft tubes. These
relationships will be inroporated into a mass transfer model
as part of a multiagency model development effort.          
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:  250000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30      70,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30     100,000.00 
WES               96/10/01   97/09/30      80,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Wilhelms, S.        WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000282
TITLE:    Model of Contaminant Transport and Fate at the Corps        
          Projects.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
Develop a contaminant transport/fate model for use at CE    
projects. Provide quidance on model use.                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  645000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Dortch, M.          WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000283
TITLE:    Evaluation of Remote WQ Monitoring Methodologies for        
          Reservoirs and Tailwaters.                                  
OBJECTIVE:
The objective of this work unit is to evaluate methods for  
remotely collecting selected water quality data for         
tailwaters and reservoirs. This evaluation will include     
determination of sampling strategies, determination of      
sampling station location, equipment and calibration, and   
data management.                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  345000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               93/10/01   94/09/30     140,000.00 
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30     140,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30      65,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Carroll, J.         WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000284
TITLE:    Watershed Model of Non-Point Source Water Quality.          
OBJECTIVE:
Develop a CE capability for determining non-point source    
water quality(i.e. nutrients,solids, chemicals) runoff      
through watershed modeling and provide guidance on model    
use.                                                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 98
TOTAL_COST:  500000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30      75,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30     125,000.00 
WES               96/10/01   97/09/30     150,000.00 
WES               97/10/01   98/09/30     150,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Deliman, P.         WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000285
TITLE:    Image analysis for Reservoir Water Quality Management.      
OBJECTIVE:
The objective of this work unit is to develop and evaluate  
methods for interpretation of image (e.g. Landsat and       
fixed-wing sensors, optics, video, etc)  data as a means of 
assessing water quality conditions of reservoirs. The       
efficacy of the use of such methods as a means for reducing 
routine monitoring costs and calibrating numerical or       
empirical models will also be evaluated.                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 98
TOTAL_COST:  600000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               94/10/01   95/09/30      50,000.00 
WES               95/10/01   96/09/30     150,000.00 
WES               96/10/01   97/09/30     200,000.00 
WES               97/10/01   98/09/30     200,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Kennedy, R.         WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000286
TITLE:    Hydraulic and Pneumatic Mixers and Aerators in principle and
          practice.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
To characterize the in-reservoir impacts and effects on     
release quality of hypolimnetic aeration systems,           
destratification systems, and localized mixing systems, and 
to identify the potential for application of commercial     
equipment to these techniques.                              
To develop predictive techniques that will permit           
preliminary evaluation of the potential effectiveness of    
these systems and, subsequently, guidance for the design,   
construction, installation, and operation of such systems.  
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  100000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WES               93/10/01   94/09/30     100,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Wilhelms, S.        WES
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000287
TITLE:    Localization of                                             
          2,3,7,8-Tetrachorodibenzo-p-dioxin(TCDD)-Induced Cytochrome 
          P4501A1 in Vascular Endothelium of Early Life Signs(ELS) of 
          Lake Trout.                                                 
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose is to determine if the induction of P4501A1     
occurred, where it would be localized and could be related  
to similar doses of TCDD which cause blue-sac syndrome.     
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Guiney, P.          UWI
Peterson, R.        UWI
Smolowitz,R.        UWI
Stegeman, J.        UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000288
TITLE:    Studies of the structure and Reactivity of                  
          Metallotranscription Factors Related to Heavy Metals.       
OBJECTIVE:
1) we are interested in the hypothesis that the binding     
sites for Zn2+ in zinc-finger transcription factors are     
available for competitive binding by toxic metal ions,      
leading to alteration in DNA binding properties of the      
proteins.(Sunderman and Barber, 1988)                       
2) with the metallothionein transcription control mechanism,
we are focusing on elucidation of the chemistry of Cu_CUP 1 
and Cu-ACE-1 that participate in turning on and off         
metallothionein(MT) mRNA synthesis.                         
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Antholine, W.       UWI
Huang, M.           UWI
Petering, D.        UWI
Rangarajan,S.       UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000289
TITLE:    Regulation of estrogen receptor by                          
          2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin(TCDD).                  
OBJECTIVE:
Results demonstrate that in certain specific dosing         
paradigms(e.g.perinatal exposure in rats), TCDD can have    
profound and lasting influences on the expression of steroid
hormone receptors. This regulation is very likely to        
modulate the normal function of these steroid-sensitive     
tissues in an inhibitory manner.                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Chaffin, C.         UWI
Hutz, R.            UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000290
TITLE:    Role of Protein Kinase C in Cytochrome P450 Induction in    
          Rainbow Trout Hepatocyte Culture.                           
OBJECTIVE:
Primary Hepatocyte culture was used to examine the role of  
protein kinase c(PKC) on CYP1A1 induction. Data showed that 
B-naphthoflavone(B_NF) induced both microsomal CYP1A1       
protein content and EROD activities in vitro. The induction 
of CYP1A1 by B-NF is inhibited by prior incubation of       
hepatocyte with phorbal ester and staurosporin suggesting a 
mediating role of PKC in the process.                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Dasmahapatra,A      UWI
Lee,P.              UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000291
TITLE:    Antibodies to a Synthetic Peptide that React Specifically   
          with Rainbow Trout Hepatic Cytochrome P4501A1.              
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this investigation was to develop a specific 
immunological probe to rainbow trout cttochrome             
P4501A1(CYP1A1).                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Haasch, M.          UWI
Lech, J.            UWI
Myers, C.           UWI
Sutherland, L.      UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000292
TITLE:    Identification of MHC Class II B Genotypes conferring       
          Resistance to Bacterial Kidney Disease in Chinook Salmon.   
OBJECTIVE:
To examine the possible correlation between specific MHC    
Class IIB Genotypes and resistance to bacterial kidney      
disease in chinook salmon.                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Phillips, R.        UWI
Sommer, C.          UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000293
TITLE:    Xenotransplantation of the Brockmann Body(BB) of the Channel
          Catfish for Diabetes Mellitus.                              
OBJECTIVE:
Xenotransplantation or the use of nonhuman sources of tissue
for transplantation(Xenografts) may offset the shortage of  
human transplatable tissue.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Roza, A.            MCW
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000294
TITLE:    Ubiquitin in Xenopus Laevis Tadpoles during Metamorphorus.  
OBJECTIVE:
Little is known about the hormonally cued events of cellular
destruction and turnover in amphibian metamorphosis.        
We have begun to assess the possible role(s) of ubiquitin   
and ubiquitin conjugation in reabsorption of the muscular   
tail fins of Xenopus Laevis tadpoles.                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wildlife
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Haas, A.            MCW
Kosterez, K.        MCW
Lathrop, K.         MCW
Zettergren, L.      MCW
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000295
TITLE:    Structure and Reactivity of Lobster Cd-Metallothionein.     
OBJECTIVE:
Copper and Zinc are essential trace elements. It is clear   
that metallothioneins play a role in processing these metals
under a variety of physiological conditions.                
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wildlife
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
DeRose, E.          UWI
Munoz, A.           UWI
Petering,D.         UWI
Shaw III, F.        UWI
Zhiwu, zHU.         UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000296
TITLE:    Population Dynamics and Ecology of Zebra Mussels in Inland  
          Lakes.                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Determine population dynamics of mussels of inland lakes by 
measuring their reproduction, growth, and settlement.       
Provide information of the dispersal success of zebra       
mussels as they invade inland lakes, and the possible role  
of these lakes as "stepping stones"in the geographic spread 
of zebra mussels across North America.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Garton, D.          IU
Johnson, L.         UC-SB
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000297
TITLE:    Salinity Tolerance and Specific Ion Balances are the        
          appropriate predictors of Geographic Spread of Zebra Mussels
          into Estuaries.                                             
OBJECTIVE:
Define the ionic constituents required by zebra mussels for 
survival in oligohaline water.                              
To use this information to predict the geographic spread of 
Dreissena polymorpha and identify the estuarine areas that  
are at risk for invasion.                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Dietz, T.           LSU
Lynn, J.            LSU
Silverman,H.        LSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000298
TITLE:    Dreissena polymorpha: reproductive ability in various ionic 
          environments relating to geographic spread into estuarine   
          environments.                                               
OBJECTIVE:
Identify the minimal and maximal ion requirements of the    
gametes for successful fertilization and early development  
Determine the minimal and maximal number of gametes required
for successful fertilization                                
Build predictive models of reproductive success in          
environments of varying ion concentration and recruitment in
areas of low population densities.                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Lynn, J.            LSU
Silverman, H.       LSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000299
TITLE:    Zebra Mussels in the Susqhehanna:Yes or No? Why or Why Not? 
OBJECTIVE:
Verify the presence of Dreissena veligers in the Susqhehanna
River at Johnson City, N.Y.                                 
Determine the location(s) of colonies of adults upstream    
from that site.                                             
Locate habitats in nearby drainage basinsthat are chemically
and physically similar to the Susqhehanna River at Johnson  
city, and are also exposed to veligers but not supporting   
colonies of adults.                                         
Propose a plan of study to ascertain why further            
colonization has not occurred in the Susqhehanna River.     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 01, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Harman, W.          SUNY
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000300
TITLE:    Assessing the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Zebra    
          Mussel Larvae in Saginaw Bay, Michigan, using the video     
          Plankton Recorder.                                          
OBJECTIVE:
Modify the Video Plankton Recorder for use on a small vessel
in shallow, turbid water for survey and experimental work in
the Great Lakes.                                            
Determine the temporal and spatial distribution and         
abundance of zebra mussel larvae in Saginaw Bay, relative to
the physical dynamics of the water column.                  
Evaluate the extent of diel vertical migration of mussel    
larvae and its potential importance as a transport          
mechanism.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Davis, C.           WHOI
Gallager, S.        WHOI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000301
TITLE:    Swimming and Settlement Behavior in the Quagga Mussel.      
OBJECTIVE:
Observe the behavior of the Quagga Mussel to determine      
possible options for preventing fouling at industrial water 
delivery systems.                                           
Refine protocols for culturing and rearing quagga mussel    
larvae.                                                     
Study how gravity, temperature, salinity, and dissolved     
oxygen content affect quagga swimming behavior.             
Determine how light and substrate orientation affect        
settling behavior in quagga pediveligers.                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Kennedy, V.         UMD
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000302
TITLE:    Genetics of the Zebra and Quagga Mussels: A comparative     
          analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Data.                
OBJECTIVE:
Determine genetic differences between zebra and quagga      
mussels and develop rapid screening methods for assessing   
the relative abundance and genetic variability of both      
veligers and newly settled mussels.                         
Determine whether there are additional cryptic species in   
this North American nonindigenous complex.                  
Test whether there are differences in both overall genetic  
variation and base substitution frequencies in both species 
of mussels from the "Old" and the "New" worlds.             
Pinpoint the original European source of mussel parent      
stocks.                                                     
Determine whether different mussel genetic strains and/or   
subpopulations exist in North America and, if so, which are 
most successful in various habitats and on various invasive 
fronts.                                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Stepien, C.         CWRU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000303
TITLE:    Species Identification of Early Life History Stages of      
          Dreissenid Mussels and other Co-Occuring Bivalves in        
          Freshwater and Oligohaline Habitats.                        
OBJECTIVE:
Develop a practical way to identify larval and postlarval   
stages of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha, d.         
bugensis(quagga mussel), Mytilopsis Leucophaeata(dark false 
mussel), and other co-occurring bivalve species in          
freshwater and oligohaline habitats by using SEM and other  
routine optical microscopic examination of shell and hinge  
form and structure.                                         
Develop routine methods for rearing zebra and quagga mussel 
larvae through to postlarval stages.                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Baldwin, B.         RU
Lutz,R.             RU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000304
TITLE:    Osmoregulatory Physiology of the Zebra Mussel.              
OBJECTIVE:
Characterize how zebra musselss osmoregulate at the cellular
level.                                                      
Test the hypothesis that ion balance is regulated by        
membrane processes that are potentially sensitive to        
chemical agents.                                            
Test specific agents that disrupt osmoregulation in zebra   
mussels.                                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: November 02, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Preston, R.         ISU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000305
TITLE:    THe Effect of Zebra Mussels on Gammarus Populations: A      
          Mechanistic Approach.                                       
OBJECTIVE:
Determine precisely to what extent Gammarus sp. is affected 
by the presence of zebra mussels.                           
Determine if the high abundance of Gammarus sp. observed in 
the areas colonized by zebra mussels is caused by an        
increase in habitat complexity and/or an increase in food   
resources.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: February 28, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Gonzales, M.        WS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000306
TITLE:    Influence of Zebra Mussels on C- and P-Dynamics in Plankton 
          Communities: Long-Term effects in the Western Basin of Lake 
          Erie and Saginaw Bay.                                       
OBJECTIVE:
Test the hypothesis that the long term effects of zebra     
mussels will result in a diminished efficiency of           
carbon-flux from algae to microcrustaceans, decreased uptake
of phosphate by bacteria, and diminished transfer of        
phosphorus from bacteria to microcrustaceans.               
Test whether the community composition will shift to less   
edible species of phytoplankton resistant to zebra mussel   
grazing.                                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Heath, R.           KSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000307
TITLE:    Zebra mussel-mediated shifts in Benthic algal communities in
          Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron.                                    
OBJECTIVE:
Determine how increased densities of zebra mussels affect   
the structure and function of benthic algal communities.    
Determine which environmental factors are important to      
thebenthic algal community and how these factors have       
changed with the invasion of zebra mussels.                 
Determine if primary consumers are able to utilize new      
benthic algal resources in Saginaw Bay.                     
Develop a model useful for predicting the effects of zebra  
mussels in other systems by sampling a wider range of sites 
within Saginaw Bay in 1996.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Lowe, R.            BGSU
Pillsbury, R.       BGSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000308
TITLE:    Population and energetic consequences of Zebra mussel       
          fouling on native gastropol fauna of Lake Michigan.         
OBJECTIVE:
Document the extent of fouling by zebra mussels on native   
gastropod fauna among habitats, among species, and among    
individuals.                                                
Determine the population level impacts of zebra mussel      
fouling on native gastropod fauna.                          
Determine impacts of zebra mussel fouling on individual     
snail metabolic and life history                            
parameters(consumption,respiration, fecundity, and growth). 
Determine the species characteristics(behavior, shell       
characteristics, habitat, mucus) that influence differential
susceptibility to fouling within and among gastropod        
species.                                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 01, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Marsden,J.          INHS
Schneider, D.       INHS
Madon, S.           UMD
Padilla, D.         UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000309
TITLE:    Compensatory responses of fish populations to the invasion  
          of the zebra mussel(Dreissena polymorpha): Benthic-Pelagic  
          Coupling.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
Assess the indirect effects of zebra mussels on benthic     
invertebrates(studying Gammarus fasciatus)                  
Assess the indirect effects of zebra mussels on feeding by  
larval, juvenile, and adult yellow perch.                   
Examine compensatory responses of yellow perch based on     
long-term field observations in Oneida Lake.                
Assess linkages in the benthic -pelagic food web of Oneida  
Lake using stable isotopes.                                 
Model the effect of hypothesized and measured effects of    
zebra mussels on the population dynamics of walleye and     
yellow perch in Oneida Lake.                                
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Mills, E.           CU
Rudstam,L.          CU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000310
TITLE:    Zebra mussel and sediment interactions: Is there an effect  
          on nitrogen and phosphorus regeneration ratios?             
OBJECTIVE:
Determine whether zebra mussels change the dissolved        
nitrogen/phosphorus supply ratio in areas of Lake St Clair  
where they are abundant.                                    
Test the hypothesis that mussels directly affect microbial  
sediment oxygen demand by increasing the flux rate of       
reduced carbon and other nutrients to the sediments.        
Test the hypothesis that increased benthic microbial        
activity results in lower nitrogen/phosphorus ratios.       
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Cotner, J.          TA&MU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000311
TITLE:    Food chain contamination of edible fish through Zebra Mussel
          directed trophic transfer.                                  
OBJECTIVE:
Quantify partition coefficients for four priority pollutants
for three species of algae.                                 
Measure filtering rates for three soecies of algae as a     
function of algae concentration.                            
Measure processing of contaminated algae by zebra mussels.  
Quantify contaminant concentrations in zebra mussel tissue, 
feces, and pseudofeces.                                     
Measure contaminant transfer from zebra mussel tissue to    
crawfish and yellow perch.                                  
Measure contaminants transfer from zebra mussel to feces to 
gammarids.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Landrum, P.         GLERL
Fisher, S.          OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000312
TITLE:    Remote sensing studies of Zebra Mussel Impacts in Saginaw   
          Bay.                                                        
OBJECTIVE:
Determine whether changes in water quality caused by zebra  
mussles can be detected, mapped, and quantified using       
remotely sensed images.                                     
Determine whether computer-assisted image and analysis      
procedures that use spectral information can be used to     
quanify spatial and temporal changes in water quality       
variables.                                                  
Map and model spatial and temporal changes in water quality,
caused either directly or indirectly by zebra mussles in    
Saginaw Bay.                                                
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Kerfoot, W.C.       MTU
Maclean, A.         MTU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000313
TITLE:    Shifts in Southwestern Lake Michigan Benthic Food Web       
          Dynamics since the Invasion of the Zebra Mussel.            
OBJECTIVE:
Determine how the 1992 zebra mussel invasion of the rock    
reef in southwestern Lake Michigan will effect the dynamics 
of the benthic food web.                                    
Compare pre-1992 data on benthic algal, macroinvertebrate,  
and crayfish composition and crayfish diet, abundance, and  
size class distribution with post-1992 data.                
Determine the relative contribution of the benthic and the  
limnetic littoral communities on total littoral zone primary
production.                                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Tuchman, N.         LUC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000314
TITLE:    The effects of Zebra Mussels on the Invertebrate Communities
          of Saginaw Bay, Michigan,Wetlands.                          
OBJECTIVE:
Investigate the dynamics of zebra mussel colonization of the
dominant vegetation Scirpus americanus in a coastal wetland.
Observe how zebra mussels affect the invertebrate community 
in a coastal wetland.                                       
Determine direct and indirect effects of zebra mussels on   
wetland zooplankton.                                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 23, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 23, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Brady, V.           MSU
Burton, T.          MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000315
TITLE:    The influence of Zebra Mussels on the Recruitment of Saginaw
          Bay Fishes.                                                 
OBJECTIVE:
Determine which environmental factors are most important in 
fish year-class strength.                                   
Test whether zebra mussels and zooplankton abundances affect
fish hatching, growth, and mortality.                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 21, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Jude, D.            UMI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000316
TITLE:    The impact of the zebra mussel on the benthic food web in   
          Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron.                                    
OBJECTIVE:
Determine how increased densities of zebra mussels affect   
the structure and function of benthic algae communities.    
Test whether zebra mussel feces and pseudofeces increase    
nutrients available to benthic algae and increase growth.   
Test whether increased light penetration increases growth of
benthic algae and leads to changes throughout the food web. 
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Lowe, R.            BGSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000317
TITLE:    Nutrient regeneration by zebra mussels and its impact on    
          phytoplankton.                                              
OBJECTIVE:
Quantify the amount and proportionof nitrogen and phosphorus
consumed, assimilated, and released by zebra mussels and the
fraction available to phytoplankton.                        
Determine the efect of nutrient release on phytoplankton    
nutrition, growth, and community structure.                 
Create a computer model that predicts the effect of zebra   
mussel nutrients cycling on the whole ecosystem.            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Vanni, M.           MU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000318
TITLE:    The impact of zebra mussel filtering on pelagic food webs.  
OBJECTIVE:
Determine how zebra mussel grazing affects open-water       
communities.                                                
Gauge how the benthic boundary layer affects the food       
available to zebra mussels.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Culver, D.          OSU
Sykes, R.           OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000319
TITLE:    Impact of Dreissena polymorphs on the Zooplankton of western
          Lake Erie.                                                  
OBJECTIVE:
Follow changes in zooplankton as the zebra mussel population
grows.                                                      
Determine the effects of mussel competition and predation on
community structures.                                       
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Beeton, A.          GLERL
Hageman, J.         OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000320
TITLE:    Present and expected economic costs of zebra mussel damages 
          to water users with Great Lakes Water intakes.              
OBJECTIVE:
Survey industries with Great Lakes water intakes about the  
annual costs associated with zebra mussels(damage,          
maintenance, control, full or partial plant shutdown, plant 
design modifications, research costs).                      
Survey public organizations and researchers about annual    
spending on zebra mussel control research.                  
Survey researchers at public and private institutions about 
the feasibility of zebra mussel conrol research resulting in
annual cost reductions for industry.                        
Estimate the expected annual rate of return of investment in
zebra mussel control research to industries with Great Lake 
water intakes.                                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Hushak, L.          OSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000321
TITLE:    Design and test of a novel device for the control of zebra  
          mussel infestation in water piping systems.                 
OBJECTIVE:
Develop a strategy for zebra mussel control that relies on  
physical rather than chemical methods.                      
Capitalize on the observation that reduction  in dissolved  
oxygen was effective in removing zebra mussels from an      
infested pipe.                                              
Design and test the effectiveness of a device that          
mechanically reduces the dissolved oxygen in a zebra mussel 
infested piping system.                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Chang, T.           OHIOU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000322
TITLE:    Silencing expression of the Byssus of the Zebra Mussels.    
OBJECTIVE:
Derive the complete cDNA-derived sequence of the byssal     
precursor protein dpfp-1 and dpfp-2 in the zebra mussel     
Dreissena polymorpha.                                       
Perform in vitro translation of zebra mussel mRNA and hybrid
arrest of dpfp-1 and dpfp-2 by antisense mRNA.              
Prepare nuclease-resistant analogs of antisense             
oligonucleotides that silence expression of byssal precursor
proteins.                                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Waite, J.H.         UD
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000323
TITLE:    Effect of high voltage electrostatic fields on the control  
          of zebra mussels.                                           
OBJECTIVE:
Apply continuous high voltage electrostatic fields(up to    
20KV/cm) with extremely low currents(in the nanoampere      
range) to inhibit the attachment of zebra mussels to water  
intake pipes and other water system components.             
Experimentally determine the optimal electrostatic field    
environment that will discourage the attachment of          
post-veligers and juvenile mussels to surrounding surfaces. 
Evaluate the effect of electrostatic fields on nontarget    
organisms.                                                  
Test a field flow-through device with continuous application
of an electrostatic field in Lake Michigan.                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Maki, J.            MARU
Shana, Z.           MARU
Zanoni, A.          MARU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000324
TITLE:    Control of zebra mussels veligers in water treatment plants 
          by chemical coagulants.                                     
OBJECTIVE:
Characterize how coagualnts affect veliger behavior.        
Characterize the particle stability characteristics of both 
veliger and nonveliger particulayes.                        
Identify how adding coagulants at water intakes affects     
solid -liquid separaration processes.                       
 Measure particle aggregation/dsiaggregation characteristics
of veligers at varying coagulant doses and turbulence       
levels.                                                     
Develop a model predicting how coagulant additions would    
effect different water intakes.                             
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Atkinson, J.        SUNY-B
Benschoten, J.      SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000325
TITLE:    The role of continuous introductions in establishing Zebra  
          Mussel Colonies in areas where environmental factors may be 
          limiting.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
Determine whether zebra mussels can survive, grow, and      
reproduce  under the pH, calcium, and water temoerature     
conditions of Duluth-Superior harbor in western Lake        
Superior.                                                   
Estimate how many zebra mussel veligers and juveniles are   
introduced yearly to Duluth-Superior harbor from ballast    
water discharge and boat hull transport.                    
Explore how continuous introductions help mussle populations
reach the numbers necessary for self-sustaining population  
growth.                                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Balcer, M.          UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000326
TITLE:    Chlorine minimization and boundary layer injection for      
          control of zebra mussel fouling in Hudson River water       
          intakes.                                                    
OBJECTIVE:
Assess both the environmental impact and the economic       
viability of using staged boundary layer injection          
technology to place chlorine only along intake walls, where 
fouling occurs.                                             
Determine the optimal level of continuous chlorine necessary
to control zebra mussel settlement in a Hudson River water  
intake.                                                     
Test the degree of control, chlorine consumption, and       
chlorine discharge associated with boundary layer           
chlorination.                                               
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Guida, V.           LEHU
Saruna, N.          LEHU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000327
TITLE:    The use of acoustic and hydrodynamic techniques to control  
          zebra mussel infestation.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Test how adults and veligers resond to varying frequences,  
intensities, and duration of sound and vibration.           
Study ultrasound and hydromatic cavitation effects on zebra 
mussels.                                                    
develop acoustic and vibrational methods for measuring zebra
mussel populations in tanks and pipes.                      
Evaluate the feasability of converting hydrodynamic energy  
to acoustic energy to enhance the efficiancy of the control 
technique.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Donskoy,D.          SIT
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000328
TITLE:    New approaches to control of zebra mussels by targeted      
          microbial products.                                         
OBJECTIVE:
Isolate bacteria that inhibit attachment or cause disease in
zebra mussels.                                              
Isolate specific substances from these bacteria and evaluate
their potential as environmentally safe control measures.   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Mitchell, R.        HU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000329
TITLE:    Range of expansion of zebra mussels: Are rivers less        
          susceptible to colonization than lakes?                     
OBJECTIVE:
Investigate whether the seasonal fluctuations in river      
systems, due to spring and summer runoff that greatly reduce
calcium and pH levels, affect the survival, growth, sexual  
maturation, and spawning success of zebra mussels.          
Examine the susceptibility of several genetic strains of    
zebra mussels to the above conditions to determine if any   
adaptions are occurring that might influence colonization   
success.                                                    
Determine if some river systems are actually protected from 
zebra mussel invasion by runoff conditions so that efforts  
for mitigation can be directed to more high-risk areas.     
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Balcer, M.          UWI-S
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000330
TITLE:    An assessment of the overland dispersal of zebra mussels    
          into inland North American lakes.                           
OBJECTIVE:
Document the spatial and temporal pattern of the spread of  
zebra mussels within local systems of inland waters using   
standardized methods for detecting the presence of zebra    
mussels.                                                    
Compare the characteristics of invaded and noninvaded lakes 
to determine correlates of invasion susceptibility and infer
likely mechanisms of dispersal.                             
Assess the relative importance of primary and secondary     
invasion events on the spread of zebra mussels within local 
systems of inland waters.                                   
Compare patterns of local invasions in different regions to 
observe any patterns and test predictions of the importance 
of the "exposure" of inland systems to nearby source        
populations.                                                
Assess the initial efficacy of educational outreach         
programs.                                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 97
TOTAL_COST:       0.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Kraft, C.           UWI-GB
Johnson, L.         WC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000331
TITLE:    Smelt trawl fishery in Wisconsin waters of Lake Michigan.   
OBJECTIVE:
Composition of trawl fisheries and its characteristics.     
Population dynamics of smelt and other foraging fish.       
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 97
TOTAL_COST:  106000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WI-SG             90/10/01   93/09/30     100,000.00 
WISTR             93/10/01   94/09/30       6,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Copes, F.           UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000332
TITLE:    Compensatory responses in Great Lakes Food webs: predicting 
          results of species interactions.                            
OBJECTIVE:
1) Model the compensatory resposes in the food webs of Lake 
Michigan and Lake Superior associated with recent changes in
the forage fish community.                                  
Estimate the carrying capacity for forage fish in both lakes
and by extension, the carrying capacity of the salmonids.   
Model the vertical distribution of key forage species and   
develop spacially explicit predictions of changes in the    
species composition.                                        
4) Analye the niche structure of the current and            
potentialforage fish community to anticipate future changes 
in the species composition.                                 
5) Develop a dynamic species interaction model between      
alewife and bloater to study time lags associated with the  
compensetory changes in the Lake Michigan forage fish       
community.                                                  
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   97980.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Kitchell, J.        UWI-Ma-CHS
Rudstam, L.         UWI-Ma-CHS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000333
TITLE:    An individual-based approach to the survival of larval and  
          juvenile fish: Modeling and experiments.                    
OBJECTIVE:
Experimentally evaluate the effects of body size and        
intermittent feeding on growth and survival of starving fish
larvae.                                                     
Experimentally evaluate the effects of size anf feeding on  
growth rate variablilty and its effect on individual  and   
cohort survival under size dependent predation.             
Formulate a comprehensive individual based model of larval  
fish growth and survivaland apply it to elucidate key       
processes affecting larval fish survival.                   
Extend the model to interacting size structured populations 
and compare its efficiancy to that of other population      
modeling approaches.                                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  112670.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Crowder, L.         NCSU
Rice, J.            NCSU
Binkowski, F.       UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000334
TITLE:    Temporal variation in the lower Green Bay fish community:   
          evaluating the impacts of remedial action.                  
OBJECTIVE:
Provide a quantative description of the fish assemblage in  
the lower Fox River and Green Bay, and demonstrate methods  
for assessing changes in this assemblage.                   
Determine key environmental and biotic influences on        
population trends in the area of concern fish community.    
Interpret temporal dynamics in this fish assemblage both    
among years(to determine historical shifts) and within      
years(to determine phenological cycles).                    
Apply the results of this investigation to other degraded   
nearshore habitats in the Great Lakes with similar available
historical assessment data.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   45080.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Cochran, P.         STNC
Kraft, C.           UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000335
TITLE:    Carbon and nitrogen isotopes as tracers of food webs and    
          biogeochemical cycles in perturbed estuaries.               
OBJECTIVE:
Estimate the fraction of C and N that is gained from or lost
to the atmosphere relative to the fractions permanently     
buried and exported from the system.                        
Determine the efficiency and pathway of C and N recycling in
sediments.                                                  
Ascertain and follow changing food web interrelationships   
and trophic structure(of particular importance is the major 
perturbation to these systems anticipated by the invasion of
the zebra mussel and the predicted shift in benthic/pelagic 
carbon and energy partitioning).                            
Link changing food chain hierarchy to contaminant levels and
movement within the system.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   83030.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Eadie, B.           GLERL
Klump, J.V.         UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000336
TITLE:    Coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls in the Green Bay         
          ecosystem.                                                  
OBJECTIVE:
Utilize data and sample extracts from the Green Bay Mass    
Balance stidy(GBMBS) to:                                    
1)measure the concentrations and types of coplanar PCBs in  
Green Bay sediments.                                        
2) determine the spatial and temporal variabilityof sediment
coplanar.                                                   
3) evaluate whether coplanar PCBs are enriched or depleted  
relative to other PCBs.                                     
4) measure the concentration and type of coplanar PCB       
cogeners in Green Bay phytoplankton and fish and compare to 
other cogeners and total PCB as measured by the GBMBS.      
5) compare the relative amounts of sediment coplanar PCB    
congeners to those found in phytoplankton and fish.         
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   89580.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Armsstrong, D.      UWI
Sonzogni, W.        UWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000337
TITLE:    Population dynamics and stock identification of rainbow     
          smelt(Osmerus mordax) in Green Bay and adjacent waters of   
          Lake Michigan.                                              
OBJECTIVE:
Determine the magnitude, species composition, and size and  
age composition of the catch of rainbow smelt in the trawl  
fishery in Green Bay.                                       
Determine vital statistics of rainbow smelt in inshore      
areas, including tributaries, in the spawning run in spring.
Estimate population size, biomass and yield potential of    
rainbow smelt in Green Bay.                                 
Identify separate stocks, if they exist, along the west     
shore of Green Bay.                                         
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  145770.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Coble, D.           UWI-SP
Copes, F.           UWI-SP
Post, D.            UWI-SP
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000338
TITLE:    Patterns of contaminant flux in Great Lakes food webs.      
OBJECTIVE:
Develop and validate individual based models(IBMs) for      
chemical concentrations(DDT, and related compounds,         
dieldrin, mirex) as functions of size and age for Great     
Lakes salmonids.                                            
Use IBMs to examine the changes in statistical distribution 
of chemical concentration with size and age.                
Develop aggregated ecosytem models of chemical flux through 
food webs, building on IBMs.                                
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  184680.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Fisheries
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Carpenter, S.       UWI-Ma-CHS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000339
TITLE:    Early life stage toxicity of polychlorinated aromatic       
          hydrocarbons in Salmonids.                                  
OBJECTIVE:
Determine site and mechanism of action of TCDD in producing 
blue-sac syndrome, including the involvement of Ah receptor 
and cyctochrome P4501A1 induction.                          
Characterize developmental toxicity of PCB congeners that   
are not Ah receptors antagonists and evaluate their         
interaction with TCDD.                                      
Determine the cause of the unexpectantly low potency of     
TCDD-loke PCB congeners.                                    
Lake Trout:                                                 
develop an egg injection method for assessing toxicity.     
determine if developmental toxicity is caused by maternal   
TCDD exposure.                                              
determine TCDD dose response for sac fry mortality at       
spawning reef temperatures.confirm key findings of previous 
3 objectives in Lake Trout.                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  107850.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Peterson, R.        UWI-Ma-CHS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000340
TITLE:    Distribution of heavy metal-resistant bacteria, their       
          mechanism(s) of resistance and use of biosensors(genetic    
          fusions) to determine biologically available heavy metals.  
OBJECTIVE:
To isolate and characterize bacteria that are resistant to  
one or more heavy metals(Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Zn).       
Biosensor utilizing genetic fusions of heavy metal          
resistance genes with LUX genes will be used to examine     
those conditions under which there are variations between   
total and biologically available heavy metals.              
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   61770.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Nealson,K.          UWI-Mi
Remsen,C.           UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000341
TITLE:    The dynamics of horizontal sediment transport and focusing  
          in large lakes.                                             
OBJECTIVE:
Quantify the time and spatial scales of long                
term(years/decades) meso-scale horizontal sedimrnt movements
in large lake systems, especially Lakes Erie and Michigan.  
Determine the role of horizontal transport and sediment     
focusing processes on the residence time of transient       
pollutant inputs in the biologically active sediment pool   
for both lakes.                                             
Refine current one -dimensional models for sediment and     
contaminant deposition to include long-term horizontal      
effects and to test the efficacy of this model for          
predicting both the movement and character of sediments in  
the benthic boundary layer.                                 
Use the improved models to predict the fate of transient    
contaminants, includingradionuclides, degradable organic    
compounds(with different decomposition rates) and pulse     
inputs of very persistent organic and inorganic compounds.  
Estimate the system scales required for such horizontal     
transport to significantly affect contaminant residence     
times.                                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   88220.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Robbins, J.         GLERL
Edgington, D.       UWI-Mi
Klump, J.           UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000342
TITLE:    Impact of Colloidal Material on Contaminant Fate in Lake    
          Michigan.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
Determine the importance of colloidal material in regulating
contaminant cycling and influencing sediment remediation in 
Lake Michigan.                                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  124810.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Armstrong, D.       UWI-Ma
Shafer,M.           UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000343
TITLE:    Valuation of Great Lakes fisheries.                         
OBJECTIVE:
Investigate the validity of contigent and travel-cost values
for fishing and for change in fishing quality in a set of   
simulated market experiments.                               
Evaluate the benefits being generated under current         
conditions by the major Great Lakes commercial fisheries for
both the Wisconsin catch and the catch for the U.S. as a    
whole.                                                      
Further develop the theory of existance value with emphasis 
on the possible role of substitutes, derive testable        
hypothesis from this theory and explore the policy          
implications of potential existence values of Great Lakes   
Fisheries.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   73610.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bishop, R.          UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000344
TITLE:    The role of communication in risk judgements by Wisconsin   
          anglers and their families.                                 
OBJECTIVE:
These concepts and linkages will be employed in an effort to
understand how anglers and family members "make sense" of   
risk and to understand how they use risk messages to aid in 
that task.                                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  103760.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bro, K.             SoW
Dunwoody, S.        UWI-Ma
Kanarek, M.         UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000345
TITLE:    Global climate change and the Great Lakes: Changes in       
          habitat use and potential invasions by exotic species.      
OBJECTIVE:
We propose to use Green Bay, Lake Michigan, as a model of   
freshwater estuaries of the Great Lakes. We propose to      
examine the potential impact of global climate on fish and  
zooplankton of Green Bay by:                                
1)modeling potential changes in suitable living spacefor    
major fish and zooplankton species.                         
2) determining potential changes in habitat use and growth  
of currently dominant species.                              
3)examining the susceptibility to invasion by exotic species
by comparing their expected habitat and resource use and    
their predicted growth rayes with those of currently        
important species.                                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   70940.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
De Stasio, B.       UWI-Ma
Magnusan, J.        UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000346
TITLE:    Air mass_based climate change scenarios for the Great Lakes 
          Basin.                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Overall objective : to develop climate change scenarios for 
the Great Lakes region that will be more realistic than     
scenarios constructed using conventional approaches.        
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   70940.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Brinkmann, W.       UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000347
TITLE:    Ship time in support of Sea Grant research projects.        
OBJECTIVE:
1)Support the following Sea Grant Great Lakes research      
initiatives by providing ship time to projects R/LR-44,     
R/GB-37, R/GB-38, R/MW-48, R/MW-50, R/NI-20, R/MW-46,       
R/PS-41.                                                    
2) Support new program initiatives by providing ship time to
new projects started with program development funds(M/SGA-1)
and species educational projects(E/E-1).                    
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   69540.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Andren, A.          UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000348
TITLE:    Ecological risk assessment of complex mixtures of           
          polybrominated aromatic hydrocarbons in feral fish eggs.    
OBJECTIVE:
1) assemble and evaluate literature on brominated biphenyl, 
dibenzofuran and dibenzo p-dioxin congeners including       
production and use patterns, tendency to bioaccumulate, and 
projected risk to fish and marine mammals.                  
2)determine potencies of the most important broinated       
cogeners relative to                                        
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin(TCDD) using rainbow     
trout egg microinjection.                                   
3)Determine manner in which pairs of TCDD-like congeners    
interact to produce early life stage mortality in rainbow   
trout.                                                      
4) determine concentrations of brominated congeners in feral
fish eggs.                                                  
5) determine risk to fish early development of brominated   
congeners in eggs, based on relative toxic potencies in     
rainbow trout.                                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:  105030.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Peterson, R.        UWI-Ma
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000349
TITLE:    Photocatalytic degradation of pesticides contaminated media.
OBJECTIVE:
To develop a safe and effective technology to clean up      
pesticides and herbicides contaminanted media.              
PROJECT_START_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST:   21650.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CU                92/10/01   93/09/30       5,000.00 
GLRC              92/10/01   93/09/30      16,650.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Cha, S.             GLRC
Pengchu, Z          GLRC
Scrudate, R.        GLRC
Seem, R.            GLRC
Spittler, T.        GLRC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000350
TITLE:    Aquaculture in the Great Lakes: potential for, status of,   
          and constrains to.                                          
OBJECTIVE:
This project will summarize the status, potential, and      
constraints of commercial aquaculture in the Great Lakes.   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 01, 93
TOTAL_COST:    3000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              92/10/01   93/05/01       3,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Buttner, J.         GLRC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000351
TITLE:    Workshop on economic status of commercial navigation        
          industry in the Great Lakes.                                
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Workshop would focus on developing a strategy to:           
1)Continue to monitor the industry                          
2)Develop a research plan to address issues of concern to   
the industry.                                               
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:    3000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              92/09/01   93/06/30       3,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Waxmonsky, R.       GLRC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000352
TITLE:    Behavioral effects of consumption of Lake Ontario Fish in   
          humans: prenatal and adult exposure.                        
OBJECTIVE:
Videotape a current project funded by the Great Lakes       
Protection Fund.                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:    3000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              92/09/01   93/09/30       3,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Daly, H.            SUNY-O
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000353
TITLE:    Population dynamics of Lake Ontario Alewife: Interaction    
          effects of size-selective salmonis predation and alewife    
          condition.                                                  
OBJECTIVE:
To conduct a modeling analysis of population stability of   
Lake Ontario alewife.                                       
To evaluate carrying capacity of the lake for predation     
salmonis.                                                   
To estimate the risk of population collapse under various   
management scenarios.                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10760.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              92/10/01   93/09/30      10,740.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Rudstrom, L.        CU
Stewart, D.         CU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000354
TITLE:    Dating Mirex transport events in the Oswega River and       
          harbor.                                                     
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To determine if there is a source of mirex other than bottom
sediments to the Oswega River and thus Lake Ontario.        
Enhance future sediment studies by establishing a soil and  
sediment radioisotope dating labe to be used by GLRC        
research and teaching.                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   19980.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              92/10/01   93/09/30      19,980.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
DePinto, J.         SUNY
Driscoll, M.        SUNY
Hassett, J.         SUNY
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000355
TITLE:    Great Lakes contamination monitoring techniques utilizing   
          the snapping turtle.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
To validate the hypothesis that the fat storage bodies in   
adult snapping turtles reflect the historic pollutants and  
their concentrations.                                       
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   16370.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              92/10/01   93/09/30      16,370.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
O'Keys, P.          SUNY-A
Roberts, R.         SUNY-O
Rosen, P.           SUNY-O
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000356
TITLE:    Controlling land use for water quality protection:the       
          Buffalo River.                                              
OBJECTIVE:
Conduct and present environmental analysis of upstream      
landuse conditions and oppotunities on the Buffalo River.   
Provide local public officials with information with which  
to develop a public policy and possible land use controls   
for shoreline protection in the city of Buffalo that could  
be used in other N.Y. communities.                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:    3000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Uplands
Shoreline
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              92/10/01   93/09/30       3,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Boyer, B.           SUNY-B
Daly, G.            SUNY-B
Schneecloth, L      SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000357
TITLE:    Effects of desorption on reductive dechlorination of PCBs in
          contaminated sediments and effects of dechlorination on PCB 
          dynamics inthe aquatic environment.                         
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Findings show that PCBs can be degraded by anairobic        
microorganisms through reductive dechlorination.            
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   20690.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLRC              93/10/01   94/09/30      20,690.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
RHEE,G.             SUNY-A
DePinto, J.         SUNY-B
Scrudato, R.        SUNY-O
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000358
TITLE:    Evaluation of equalibrium partitioning theory based sediment
          quality criteria.                                           
OBJECTIVE:
Develop a toxicity identification evaluation procedure for  
determining the presence of photoactivating PAHS in         
contaminated sediments.                                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:   25000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Brooke, L.          UWI-S
Call, D.            UWI-S
Liber, K.           UWI-S
Manson,P.           UWI-S
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000359
TITLE:    Newton creek system characterization of contamination       
          project.                                                    
          Duluth-Superior harbor-coastal zone management project.     
OBJECTIVE:
Analyze macroinvertebrates from core samples and            
Hester-Dendy artificial substrates.                         
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   17210.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WDNR              93/05/01   93/12/31      17,210.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Schmude, K.         UWI-S
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000360
TITLE:    Newton creek system characterization of contamination       
          project.                                                    
OBJECTIVE:
Analyse Macroinvertebrates from core samples.               
PROJECT_START_DATE: May 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: November 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   12660.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WDNR              94/05/01   94/11/30      12,660.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Schmude, K.         WDNR
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000361
TITLE:    Sediment hotspot assessment in the Duluth-Superior harbor:  
          Benthic community survey.                                   
OBJECTIVE:
Sample 8 areas identified in a 1993 survey as contaminated. 
Perform a Benthic community survey at all locations.        
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 30, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 95
TOTAL_COST:   58190.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MNPCA             94/09/30   95/10/01      58,190.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Schmude, K.         UWI-S
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000362
TITLE:    Uptake of Great Lakes contaminants by Zebra                 
          Mussels:Bioconcentration of selected PCB isomers and        
          metabolism of Hexachlorobenzene.                            
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the metabolic fate of selected PCB congeners in
zebra mussels and to measure their ability to take up       
contaminants at specific Great Lakes field sites.           
To evaluate the potential for zebra mussels to contribute to
the biomagnification of toxic contaminants.                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: November 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: January 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   60160.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MGLPF             92/10/01   93/09/30      60,160.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Brieger, G.         OU
Hunter, R.          OU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000363
TITLE:    Impact of zebra mussels on growth of macrozoobenthos and    
          yellow perch in enclosures.                                 
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the specific changes that occur in abundance,   
biomass, and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates due to 
the presence of zebra mussels.                              
Determine how changes in the zoobenthos affect diet and     
growth of juvenile and adult yellow perch using enclosures  
in an experimental pond on the shore of Lake St Clair at the
Clinton River outfall.                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   26000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             91/06/01   91/12/31       3,000.00 
MIDNR             92/01/01   92/12/31      11,000.00 
MIDNR             93/01/01   93/12/31      12,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Haas, R.            OU
Hunter, R.          OU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000364
TITLE:    Direct experimental assessment of the impact of zebra       
          mussels on Unionid growth, mortality, and condition in Lake 
          St. Clair.                                                  
OBJECTIVE:
To provide direct evidence from a field experiment that     
zebra mussels are causing the death of native bivalves in   
Lake St. Clair.                                             
Sublethal effects such as reduction in growth and           
deterioration of general body condition(emaciation) due to  
zebra mussel infestation of unionids will be evaluated.     
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 30, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:    5000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MSGCP             92/10/01   93/09/30       5,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hunter, R.          OU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000365
TITLE:    Early life history of Chinook Salmon in Eastern Lake        
          Michigan.                                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
To describe the distribution of movements and food habits of
chinook salmon from smolt thru juvenile stages in eatern    
Lake Michigan.                                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: June 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   56000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             91/06/01   91/12/31       8,000.00 
MIDNR             92/01/01   92/12/31      16,000.00 
MIDNR             93/01/01   93/12/31      22,000.00 
MIDNR             94/01/01   94/12/31      10,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Elliott, R.         HSRC-MSU
Kevern, N.          HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000366
TITLE:    The use of oxytetracycline markings on vertebrate of chinook
          salmon.                                                     
OBJECTIVE:
To identify oxytetracycline rings in vertebrae of sport     
caught chinook salmon from Michigan waters of Lake Michigan.
To determine the percent of hatchery versus natural sources 
of the chinook salmon in Lake Michigan.                     
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 30, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:   36000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             91/10/01   92/09/30       3,000.00 
MIDNR             92/10/01   93/09/30      10,000.00 
MIDNR             93/10/01   94/09/30      15,000.00 
MIDNR             94/10/01   95/09/30       8,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hesse, J.           HSRC-MSU
Kevern, N.          HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000367
TITLE:    Distribution of zooplankton in eastern Lake Michigan.       
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the abundance, taxonomy, and distribution of   
zooplankton in the nearshore waters of eastern Lake         
Michigan.                                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 30, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   32000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             91/06/30   91/12/31       8,000.00 
MIDNR             92/01/01   92/12/31      16,000.00 
MIDNR             93/01/01   93/09/30       8,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Barner, G.          HSRC-MSU
Kevern, N.          HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000368
TITLE:    Food habits of yellow perch in eastern central Lake         
          Michigan.                                                   
OBJECTIVE:
To ascertain the diet items and feeding habits of the yellow
perch in the Ludington area of Lake Michigan, especially as 
related to food competition with young chinook salmon.      
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 30, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   10000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
MIDNR             91/06/30   91/12/31       2,000.00 
MIDNR             92/01/01   92/12/31       5,000.00 
MIDNR             93/01/01   93/09/30       3,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Kevern, N.          HSRC-MSU
Peterson, D.        HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000369
TITLE:    Productive capacity of the Betsie River watershed for       
          Steelhead Smelt.                                            
OBJECTIVE:
Measure number of steelhead smelt that outmigrate from the  
Betsie River to Lake Michigan.                              
Determine temperature limits to distribution and abundance  
of steelhead parr in the Betsie River.                      
Measure over winter survival of steelhead parr in the Betsie
River.                                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  110230.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Coon, T.            HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000370
TITLE:    Respose of macrophytes and fish larvae to zebra mussels in  
          Saginaw Bay.                                                
OBJECTIVE:
To describe the quantity and quality of underwater light.   
To describe the distribution and abundance of submersed     
macrophytes.                                                
To describe the species composition of submersed macrophyte 
assemblies.                                                 
To describe the distribution and abundance of fish larvae in
Saginaw Bay during the colonization of zebra mussels in the 
bay.                                                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   87430.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
CILER             91/05/01   92/04/30      47,930.00 
MAES              93/05/01   93/09/30       9,500.00 
MIDNR             92/05/01   93/04/30      30,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Coon, T.            HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000371
TITLE:    Viability and control of zebra mussels in drainage and      
          subirrigation tiles in the Saginaw Bay region,              
OBJECTIVE:
Describe the distribution of zebra musselsin drainage       
ditches and streams that drain into Saginaw Bay.            
Determine if conditions in subirrigation tiles are favorable
for zebra mussel larvae to survive and settle.              
Evaluate potential zebra mussel control measures for        
applicability to subirrigation system.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 93
TOTAL_COST:   99800.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Exotic Species
FUNDING_AGENCY:
SCS               92/02/01   93/09/30      99,800.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Coon, T.            HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000372
TITLE:    Use of bald eagles as ecosystem monitors of Great Lake water
          quality.                                                    
OBJECTIVE:
Develop a protocol for use of bald eagles as ecosystem      
monitors of Great Lakes water quality.                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 92
TOTAL_COST:  375000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
GLPF              92/01/01   92/12/31     232,000.00 
GLPF              93/01/01   93/12/31     130,000.00 
GLPF              94/01/01   94/08/31      13,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Bowerman, W.        HSRC-MSU
Giesy,J.            HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000373
TITLE:    Ecology of bald Eagle along the Au Sable, Manistoe, and     
          Muskegon Rivers.                                            
OBJECTIVE:
Determine basic wintering and breeding season ecology,      
contaminant effects, and habitat use of bald eagles on Au   
Sable, Manistee, and Muskegan Rivers.                       
Also include Contaminant survey of Eagles on Superior and   
Hiawatha National Forests.                                  
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 91
TOTAL_COST:  625000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bowerman, W.        HSRC-MSU
Giesy, J.           HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000374
TITLE:    Study of groundwater and groundwater/surface water          
          interfaces in a proirity agricultural watershed.            
OBJECTIVE:
This study is investigating the hydrogeological setting by  
installing monitoring wells in the Donnell Lake subwatershed
glacial drift aquifer, collecting detailed groundwater      
quality information in the monitoring wells, and exploring  
the groundwater-surface water interface through water       
quality/quanity measurements.                               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 30, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  244600.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Ervin, J.           HSRC-MSU
Lusch, D.           HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000375
TITLE:    Assessment of land use impacts on water quality in the      
          Saginaw Bay Watershed.                                      
OBJECTIVE:
A computer simulation model, geographic informationsystems, 
and remote sensing data were integrated to demonstrate an   
analytical tool for evaluating and minimizing the impact of 
soil management practices in the Cass River watershed.      
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: April 01, 93
TOTAL_COST:   32000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Chansheng, H.       HSRC-MSU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000376
TITLE:    Anaysis of the Neurotoxic risk to humans due to consumption 
          of Great Lakes fish.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the environmental contaminants(PCBs, DDE,      
Mirex, HCB, Chlordane, Methyl Mercury) in salmon from the   
Oswego River area of Lake Ontario.                          
To determine, in tissue culture and rat brain slices, the   
neurochemical effects of:                                   
Extracts of Lake Ontario and Pacific Ocean Salmon(controls) 
and                                                         
the neurochemical effects of synthetic mixtures of these    
contaminants.                                               
PROJECT_START_DATE: November 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:  223000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Seegal, R.          CDC
Shain, W.           CDC
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000377
TITLE:    Anaerobic biotransformation of PCBs in sediments and        
          bioremediation.                                             
OBJECTIVE:
The objective of the study is to determine the extent of    
reductive dechlorination of PCBs in the contaminanted       
sediments in the St Lawrence River, near Massena, N.Y.      
Determine environmental conditions which can artificially   
enhance reductive dechlorination in anaerobic sediments.    
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  450000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NIEHS             92/04/01   93/03/31     150,000.00 
NIEHS             93/04/01   94/03/31     150,000.00 
NIEHS             94/04/01   95/03/31     150,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Rhee,G.             SUNY-A
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000378
TITLE:    Bioremediation of polychlorinated biphenyls thru reductive  
          dechlorination: enhancement and optimization.               
OBJECTIVE:
Determine the effect of bioavailability of PCBs on their    
dechlorination in contaminated sediments in the St Lawence  
River near Massena, N.Y.                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   66000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NYSCHWM           93/08/01   94/07/31      66,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Rhee, G.            SUNY-A
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000379
TITLE:    Human and aquatic bioaccumulation of PCBs, PCDDs/PCDFs and  
          PAHs in the massena area of the St Lawrence River.          
OBJECTIVE:
Determine the bioavailability of PAHs, PCBs, PCDDs, and     
PCDFs from sediments near the discharge points of an        
automobile parts plant and two aluminum manufacturing       
facilities.                                                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: March 31, 95
TOTAL_COST:  253850.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
NIEHS             92/04/01   93/03/31      95,420.00 
NIEHS             93/04/01   94/03/31      78,430.00 
NIEHS             94/04/01   95/03/31      80,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
O,Keefe, P.         SUNY-A
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000380
TITLE:    Determination of selected organic chemicals in the Niagara  
          River.                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
This study is a continuation of the one initiated in 1989.  
Its primary purpose is to monitor the Niagara River for     
certain organic compounds which are not being analysed by   
Environment Canada. The samples will be collected at the    
long-term ambient_water monitoring stations located in the  
Niagara River at Ft Erie and Niagara on the Lake(NOTL).     
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 01, 94
TOTAL_COST:   50000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             93/10/01   94/10/01      50,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Aldous, K.          SUNY-A
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000381
TITLE:    Organic Analytical Toxicology.                              
OBJECTIVE:
PCB in St Lawrence and Hudson Rivers: toxicity, transport,  
degradation.                                                
PROJECT_START_DATE: July 01, 72
PROJECT_END_DATE: Unknown 00, 00
TOTAL_COST: 1253000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bush, B.            SUNY-A
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000382
TITLE:    Assessment of the influence of the Buffalo River dredging on
          the sediment biota and heavy metals.                        
OBJECTIVE:
Evaluate what influence, if any, the demonstration dredging 
of the corps has had on the sediment biota(especially       
chinonomids) and heavy metals.                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 31, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 01, 93
TOTAL_COST:   28000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USACE             92/08/31   93/09/01      28,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Stewart, K.         SUNY-B
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000383
TITLE:    Evaluation of dry well leachate flow in the dunes area, Lake
          and Porter counties, Indiana.                               
OBJECTIVE:
Study of leachate migration from domestic dry-well sewage   
treatment systems in the sand dunes along the Lake Michigan 
shore line in Indiana.                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: June 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   22500.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Nutrients, including phosphorus
FUNDING_AGENCY:
IDEM              92/06/01   93/12/31      22,500.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Hartke, E.          IGS
Olyphant, G.        IGS
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000384
TITLE:    Sediment contamination and bioaccumulation in wildlife: an  
          experimental approach using Tree Swallows.                  
OBJECTIVE:
Examine the effectiveness of using Tree Swallows(Tachycineta
bicolor) as a wilflife sentinel species for detecting areas 
of high or low sediment contamination.                      
Three areas within the Saginaw Bay system in eastern        
Michigan were selected as study sites and represent a       
gradient of sediment and watershed contamination.           
Tree Swallow reproductive success and growth were examined. 
Concentrations of PCB congeners and biosignificant dioxins  
and furans were measured in Tree Swallow eggs and nestlings,
 benthic and emergent insects, and sediment samples.        
A wildlife residue data base is also being established that 
will enable modeling of environmental contaminant effects.  
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 01, 94
TOTAL_COST:  202000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             91/09/01   92/08/31      80,000.00 
USEPA             92/09/01   93/08/31      80,000.00 
USEPA             93/09/01   94/08/31      42,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Beaver, D.          UMN-D-NRRI
McDonald,M.         UMN-D-NRRI
Niemi, G.           UMN-D-NRRI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000385
TITLE:    Microbial regulation of sediment toxicity: interactions     
          between sediment contaminants and bacterial processes.      
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Define the factors responsible for generating toxic ammonia 
in sediments, particularly with regard to the activities of 
sediment bacteria.                                          
Fundamental data on environmental microbiology and microbial
aspects of the nitrogen cycle.                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: February 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: February 01, 94
TOTAL_COST:  187000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             92/02/01   93/02/01     103,000.00 
USEPA             93/02/01   94/02/01      84,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Schubauer-B,J.      UMN-D-NRRI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000386
TITLE:    Spatial dynamics of nutrient and sediment removal processes 
          in riverine wetlands.                                       
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Predictive model of the temporal and spatial behavior of NPS
in riverine wetlands. Fundamental data on the               
biogeochemistry and microbiology of freshwater estuarine    
wetlands.                                                   
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 01, 94
TOTAL_COST:  200000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wetlands
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USDA              92/09/30   93/09/30     100,000.00 
USDA              93/09/30   94/09/30     100,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Bridgham, S.        UMN-D-NRRI
Johnston, C.        UMN-D-NRRI
Schubauer-B,J.      UMN-D-NRRI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000387
TITLE:    Development of biocriteria for regional watersheds through  
          integrated landscape and reach-scale analyses.              
OBJECTIVE:
Develop standardized methodologies to create biological     
criteria for rivers.                                        
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 30, 91
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 30, 94
TOTAL_COST:  242000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             91/08/30   92/08/30     125,000.00 
USEPA             92/08/30   93/08/30     100,000.00 
USEPA             93/08/30   94/08/30      17,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Host, G.            UMN-D-NRRI
Johnson, L.         UMN-D-NRRI
Richards, C.        UMN-D-NRRI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000388
TITLE:    Development of ecological criteria in midwestern watersheds.
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Ecological criteria for rivers describe those factors that  
most strongly influence the health of stream ecosystems.    
PROJECT_START_DATE: October 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: September 30, 96
TOTAL_COST:  499000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wetlands
FUNDING_AGENCY:
USEPA             93/10/01   94/09/30     186,000.00 
USEPA             94/10/01   95/09/30     206,000.00 
USEPA             95/10/01   96/09/30     107,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Host, G.            UMN-D-NRRI
Johnson, L.         UMN-D-NRRI
Richards, C.        UMN-D-NRRI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000389
TITLE:    To study the International Joint Commision(IJC) and develop 
          options for promoting more effective operation of the IJC   
          within its current structure.                               
OBJECTIVE:
Staff will look at:                                         
IJC's authority for environmental action following          
reccommendations it has issued;                             
IJC's role in facilitating public participating in          
developing environmental policies;                          
IJC's power to resolve environmental disputes between the   
two countries.                                              
how deficiencies in the IJC could be addressed.             
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 01, 94
TOTAL_COST:   50000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
JF                93/08/01   94/08/01      50,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Bass, S.            ELAWI
Warburg,P.          ELAWI
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000390
TITLE:    Promote pollution prevention strategies in communities in   
          the Great Lakes region.                                     
OBJECTIVE:
To establish and coordinate the efforts of three task forces
to promote pollution prevention strategies in communities in
the Great Lake region.                                      
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: July 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:  373810.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Epstein,L.          EDF
Mills, K.           EDF
Roy, M.             EDF
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000391
TITLE:    Identification of industrial sources and uses of chlorine in
          the Great Lakes basin.                                      
OBJECTIVE:
The center has outlined a 2 year plan to identify the       
source, evaluate their relative environmental impact on the 
Great Lakes, and then analyse the economic and environmental
impact of various ways of modifying or converting those     
sources.                                                    
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 01, 95
TOTAL_COST:  108650.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Metals
FUNDING_AGENCY:
JF                93/08/01   94/08/01     108,650.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Commoner, B.        QU
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000392
TITLE:    Advancing science and policy outreach on environmental      
          toxics.                                                     
OBJECTIVE:
Major project objective is to continue advancing both the   
science and the polcy outreach aspects of endocrine         
disrupters in the environment.                              
PROJECT_START_DATE: January 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: December 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   75240.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Colburn, T.         WWF
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000393
TITLE:    Satellite Limology: use of remote-sensing in the assessment 
          of water quality of large lakes.                            
OBJECTIVE:
Assessment of current satellite systems and data processing 
techniques for large lakes and the development of production
algorithms to transform satellite-derived maps of           
phytoplankton pigments into maps of primary production.     
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   66000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Natural Ecological Processes
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Bolgrien, D.        UWI-Mi
Brooks, A.          UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000394
TITLE:    Nearshore Hydrodynamics affecting the Lake Michigan coastal 
          waters of Wisconsin:Biological productivity along thermal   
          fronts in coastal waters.                                   
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Determination of the physical and chemical conditions in the
water columns on either side of thermal fronts as they      
progress offshore.                                          
PROJECT_START_DATE: April 01, 93
PROJECT_END_DATE: May 31, 94
TOTAL_COST:   60000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Shoreline
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Brooks, A           UWI-Mi
Sandgren, C.        UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000395
TITLE:    The dynamics of horizontal sediment transport and focusing  
          in large lakes.                                             
OBJECTIVE:
Comparison of the distribution of selected pollutants whose 
inputs are known to have decreased significantly over the   
last 20 years in the sediments of lakes of different area   
and depth.                                                  
Data will be used to expand simple vertical desposition     
models to include the effects of horizontal advection in all
large scale aquatic systems where sedimentation rates are   
high enough to provide a sink for anthropogenic             
contaminants.                                               
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 90
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 93
TOTAL_COST:   85000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Toxic Organics
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Edgington, D.       UWI-Mi
Klump, J.           UWI-Mi
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000396
TITLE:    Biocriteria development to assess fish, macroinvertibrates, 
          and periphyton communities in Lake Erie estuaries, harbors, 
          and nearshore areas.                                        
OBJECTIVE:
Existing environmental evaluation tools will be adapted to  
establish defensible aquatic life and habitat goals fro     
these areas under study and provide a base against which to 
measure the progress/effectiveness of remedial action plans 
and lakewide management plan for Lake Erie.                 
PROJECT_START_DATE: August 01, 92
PROJECT_END_DATE: October 01, 95
TOTAL_COST:  360000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Wildlife
FUNDING_AGENCY:
INVESTIGATORS:
Thoma, R.           OEPA
END_RECORD
BEGIN_RECORD
PROJECT_ID: U000397
TITLE:    Food web dynamics of the Lake Michigan forage fish          
          community:                                                  
            causes and consequences.                                  
                                                                      
OBJECTIVE:
Lake Michigan forage fish:                                  
1) Assess age and growth of fish in bottom trawler.         
2) Conduct midwater trawling to determine midwater fish     
distribution.                                               
3)Assess densities of benthic prey.                         
                                                            
PROJECT_START_DATE: September 01, 94
PROJECT_END_DATE: August 31, 96
TOTAL_COST:  116000.00
CLASS_DESCRIPTION:
Fisheries
FUNDING_AGENCY:
WI-SG             94/09/01   95/08/31      58,000.00 
WI-SG             95/09/01   96/08/31      58,000.00 
INVESTIGATORS:
Crowder, L.         DUKEU
Rice, J.            NCSU
Kitchell, J.        UWI-Ma
END_RECORD