TABLE 10

PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES FOR THE DECOMMISSIONING OF
WESTERN NEW YORK NUCLEAR SERVICE AT WEST VALLEY, NEW YORK
(adapted from 61 Federal Register 11620 - March 21, 1996)


1 Removal and Release to Allow Unrestricted Use . This alternative provides for complete removal of all facilities, buried wastes, and residuals, to assure "minimal" remnants of nuclear operations. It then permits an "unrestricted" civilian use of the site by the owners, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA).

2     Removal, On-Premises Waste Storage, and Partial Release to Allow Unrestricted Use. This alternative provides for the removal of existing facilities including buried waste, but does not remove on-site stored high-level, low-level and low-level mixed (with hazardous materials) waste. Hazardous and industrial (non-radioactive) waste would be disposed of off-site.

3     In-Place Stabilization and On-Premises Low-Level Waste Disposal. This alternative provides the in-place stabilization of contaminated structures and buried wastes. Uncontaminated structures are removed. Low-level waste would continue to be disposed of on-site, and all other waste would be disposed of off-site.

4     Monitoring and Maintenance Only. This is a "no action type of alternative," which provides for the management of the site in its current configuration and condition. Only hazardous wastes would be disposed of off-site.

5     Discontinue Operations. This alternative stops any current activities on the site, and leaves the site in its current configuration and condition. All wastes currently on-site remain on-site. No site closure activities and no provision for monitoring .



Notes : (1) Alternative 3 continues the present use of the facility as a low-level nuclear waste repository.
    (2) Alternative 4 meets a minimum regulatory requirement under the National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) and assures a monitoring baseline for comparing the environmental effects from "action alternatives."
    (3) Alternative 5, "Do Nothing," provides a worst-case baseline for comparison with other alternatives. Public comments on previous proposals of this alternative have led DOE and NYSERDA not to consider this alternative as "reasonable," but neither DOE nor NYSERDA have officially rejected it.

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