Table 16 – Results of the Decision Tree Analysis Process and BTS Priority Assignments for Significant Dioxin / Furan Sources in the Great Lakes Basin

Source / Sector*

BTS Priority Designation

Municipal waste combustion

Low priority

Medical waste incineration **

Low (U.S.) / medium (Canada) priority

Backyard trash / open burning **

High priority

Residential wood combustion **

High priority

Pentachlorophenols (treated wood)**

Medium (U.S.) / low (Canada) priority

Cement kilns (hazardous waste burning)

Low priority

Iron sintering

Low priority

Steel manufacturing (EAF) **

No priority designation (U.S. – lack of data / low (Canada) priority

Secondary copper smelting **

Low priority (U.S.) / no priority designation (Canada) – lack of data

Hazardous waste incinerators

Low priority

Wood waste combustion

Low priority

Utility coal combustion

Low priority

Diesel fuel combustion

Low priority

Landfill fires **

No priority designation – lack of data

Forest fires

Low priority


Battelle memorial Institute, Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy: PCDD (Dioxins) and PCDF (Furans): Reduction Options, Report for External Review, Prepared for U.S. EPA, September 27, 2000, p. 12.


* Sources included in this initial sector analysis by the workgroup were limited to those that are greater than 2% of either the 1998 draft U.S. or 1999 Ontario emissions inventories. These inventories represented the best information available at the time of workgroup discussions; values presented in these inventories are currently under review and will potentially change in the final versions.

** Candidate sectors for further BTS workgroup actions