Addressing Concerns for Water Quality Impacts
from Large-Scale Great Lakes Aquaculture

Based on a Roundtable
Co-hosted by the Habitat Advisory Board of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission
the Great Lakes Water Quality Board of the International Joint Commission

August, 1999


Axler, R., C. Larsen, C. Tikkanen, M. McDonald, S. Yokom, and P. Aas. 1996. Water quality issues associated with aquaculture: A case study in mine pit lakes. Water Environ. Res., 68(6): 995-1011.

Cho, C.Y. and D. Bureau. 1997. Reduction of Waste Output from Salmonid Aquaculture through Feeds and Feeding. The Progressive Fish-Culturist, 59: 155-160.

Goldburg, R. and T. Triplett. 1997. Murky Waters: Environmental Effects of Aquaculture in the United States. The Environmental Defense Fund, EDF Publications, 1875 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20009. 196 pp.

Johnson, H.M. 1998. The 1998 Annual Report on the United States Seafood Industry.

Moccia, R.D. and D.J. Bevan. 1996. Aquaculture Legislation in Ontario. Fact Sheet. University of Guelph. AEC Order No. 96-002.

Salmon Aquaculture Review. 1997. Http://

U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1998. Census of Agriculture press release. Release # CD98-Dec 1-18.

University of Wisconsin Sea Grant College Program. 1998. Press release January 21, 1998. Madison, WI.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1998. Effluent Guidelines Plan. Federal Register, September 4, 1998. Vol. 63, No. 172: 47285-47288.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1999. Aquaculture study announcement. Fact Sheet. EPA-821-F-99-006.

Wackernagel, M. and W. Rees. 1996. Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth. New Society Publishers. 176 pp.