11th Biennial Report on Great Lakes Water Quality

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Chapter 3


Contaminated Sediment

Funding for Sediment Remediation

Wastewater Infrastructure Maintenance and Upgrades

Fish and Wildlife Habitat

Waste Sites and Nonpoint Source Pollution

Accountability and Responsibility for Remedial Action Plans

United States Approach

Canadian Approach

Community-based Alliances

Confirming the Status of Restoration Efforts

Keeping the Focus on Beneficial Uses

Funding for Remediation and Planning Efforts

Corporate/Private Spending on Remediation


Progress Toward Restoration

United States Approach

Of the 31 United States and binational Areas of Concern, 27 have federal contacts and 26 have state coordinators. In some United States Areas of Concern, including many in Michigan, agencies view local community groups as being responsible for Remedial Action Plan implementation, while the community groups view the agencies as being responsible.

Recognizing concerns about Remedial Action Plan management and coordination, the United States Great Lakes Strategy17 made reform a key objective, promising to "accelerate the pace of sediment remediation, working to overcome barriers to progress identified at each site."