11th Biennial Report on Great Lakes Water Quality

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Chapter 3


Contaminated Sediment

Funding for Sediment Remediation

Wastewater Infrastructure Maintenance and Upgrades

Fish and Wildlife Habitat

Waste Sites and Nonpoint Source Pollution

Accountability and Responsibility for Remedial Action Plans

United States Approach

Canadian Approach

Community-based Alliances

Confirming the Status of Restoration Efforts

Keeping the Focus on Beneficial Uses

Funding for Remediation and Planning Efforts

Corporate/Private Spending on Remediation


Progress Toward Restoration

Funding for Sediment Remediation

Environment Canada's Great Lakes Sustainability Fund provides $30 million (CAD) over five years for work in the Great Lakes. Some of this funding may be available for sediment remediation in Areas of Concern. In addition, Ontario has allocated $50 million (CAD) over five years for the Great Lakes, a portion of which could be made available for sediment remediation in Areas of Concern.

In the United States, the 2002 Great Lakes Legacy Act provides a national focus on Great Lakes sediment remediation. The act amends the Clean Water Act to authorize $250 million (USD) over five years for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to conduct remediation of sediment in the Areas of Concern. Local cost-sharing would provide an additional $87 million (USD). The act also authorizes additional funds for information dissemination and research. The United States president's fiscal year 2004 budget includes $15 million to support the Great Lakes Legacy Act and the clean up of contaminated sediment.