11th Biennial Report on Great Lakes Water Quality

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Chapter 3


Contaminated Sediment

Funding for Sediment Remediation

Wastewater Infrastructure Maintenance and Upgrades

Fish and Wildlife Habitat

Waste Sites and Nonpoint Source Pollution

Accountability and Responsibility for Remedial Action Plans

United States Approach

Canadian Approach

Community-based Alliances

Confirming the Status of Restoration Efforts

Keeping the Focus on Beneficial Uses

Funding for Remediation and Planning Efforts

Corporate/Private Spending on Remediation


Progress Toward Restoration

Community-based Alliances

In Canada and the United States, cases exist where community-based groups have developed formal agreements with different levels of government and/or business/industry to take the coordinating role (e.g. Toronto and Region, Ashtabula River). These Remedial Action Plan participants have demonstrated promising results and effective management practices. The community groups are active and knowledgeable and are dedicated to restoring beneficial uses. In particular, community representatives receive help from such alliances in developing project proposals, acquiring matching funding and generating more technical data in support of project development and implementation.