11th Biennial Report on Great Lakes Water Quality

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Chapter 3


Contaminated Sediment

Funding for Sediment Remediation

Wastewater Infrastructure Maintenance and Upgrades

Fish and Wildlife Habitat

Waste Sites and Nonpoint Source Pollution

Accountability and Responsibility for Remedial Action Plans

United States Approach

Canadian Approach

Community-based Alliances

Confirming the Status of Restoration Efforts

Keeping the Focus on Beneficial Uses

Funding for Remediation and Planning Efforts

Corporate/Private Spending on Remediation


Progress Toward Restoration

Canadian Approach

The presence of a federal or provincial coordinator was reported by the government for 14 of the 15 Canadian and binational Areas of Concern, and all Areas of Concern have been assigned a government contact. However, the assignment of a coordinator was not always known by the community contacts, revealing a lack of communication between local participants and the government. The 2002 Canada-Ontario Agreement Respecting the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem18 commits the province to take the lead in many Areas of Concern, noting in part:

"Canada and Ontario will co-lead Remedial Action Plan management in Toronto and Region, Severn Sound (delisted January 2003), St. Marys River, St. Clair River and Detroit River Areas of Concern. Canada will lead the process in Thunder Bay, Hamilton Harbour, Port Hope, and the St. Lawrence River Areas of Concern.

"Ontario will lead the process in Nipigon Bay, Jackfish Bay, Peninsula Harbour, Spanish Harbour, Wheatley Harbour, Niagara River and the Bay of Quinte Areas of Concern."