The Fraser Valley Regional District (FVRD) notes that while actions to achieve the ambient air
levels for particulate matter and ozone were adopted by the Canadian Council of Ministers of
the Environment in June 2000 as Canada-Wide Standards, the included policies for “keeping
clean areas clean (KCAC)” and “continuous improvement (CI)” have not been defined in terms
of their application or consistency with the concept of “Prevention of Significant Deterioration
(PSD)” in the United States. The fact that Canada does not yet have an equivalent process was
a concern identified by the governments in the 1996 Progress Report and that concern contin-
ues in the latest report. Strategies being developed by the Canadian authorities should be
completed and included in the Ozone Annex negotiations. (28)
Views on Human Health Monitoring
The Agreement requires, and provides opportunities for, conducting coordinated air quality
research. Specifically, in Annex 2, paragraph 5, Canada and the United States committed to
developing “joint analyses on ground-level ozone and its precursors, including: (a) research
and applications that contribute to tracking of human health and environmental responses to
controls”. While human health was the primary motivator for the creation of the Air Quality
Agreement, respondents noted that they were not aware of any research that is being under-
taken to track the human health and environmental responses to the specific emission-reduc-
tion strategies prescribed in the Agreement. It was suggested that if little or no human health
research is being done to satisfy the commitments made in Annex 2, paragraph 5, this require-
ment should be reflected in the 2002 Progress Report with recommendations to allocate
appropriate resources and initiate the research. (31, 32)
Views on Air Quality Impact Assessment
The Fraser Valley Regional District suggests that air quality impact assessment of projects in
close proximity to the border, whether in the U.S. or Canadian jurisdiction, should be equiva-
lent and comprehensive rather than focusing more on one than the other. Current require-
ments for evaluating emission applications for new or modified sources are focused primarily
on the impacts in the country where the source is located. Cross border impacts may be con-
sidered, but not to the same degree as in the host country. Harmonization of assessment
requirements is needed to ensure that air quality is protected in the entire impact area. (28)
Views on Data Accessibility
Data accessibility was addressed as a concern in Canada. It was suggested that it would be
helpful if, in the future, actual emission data collected on the Agreement could be compiled in
a format similar to the Toxic Release Inventory database created by U.S. Environmental Protec-
tion Agency. This data would facilitate future research on efforts of individual Canadian corpo-
rations to protect the environment. Currently, significant difficulties are encountered in obtain-
ing actual emissions data for Canadian companies. (22)