driver of the Agreement, they are not aware of research being undertaken to track the human
health and environmental responses to the specific emission-reduction strategies prescribed in
the Agreement. If this is so, it should be reflected in the progress report with recommendations to
allocate appropriate resources to initiate the research. If such research is in fact being undertaken,
the results and progress should be shared with interested scientists and public health profession-
als. When the Agreement is revisited, it will be essential to determine the resulting health impacts
of actions undertaken by the Parties. Health tracking and reporting measures are necessary for
current and future determinations of progress and must be implemented immediately. (26, 31)
From the same section of Annex 2, the OMA is interested in initial findings from the analysis of
options for emission reductions from “energy efficiency, renewable energy, cleaner fuels and
alternative technologies and approaches”. Notwithstanding that in the great majority of cases,
these types of initiatives result in cleaner, healthier air, there is very little information in the 2002
Progress Report that addresses this commitment. (26)
In reference to the percentage estimates of total emission reductions that will be achieved as the
result of initiatives identified in the Agreement, the OMA would like to see more detail on how
the estimates were arrived at. Clear and transparent presentations of emissions trajectories
would be very useful. Progress made on NO  emissions should be highlighted, an opportunity
x
for public verification provided, identification of which additional measures must be undertaken,
or sectors engaged, in order to better reduce VOCs, as well as background information pro-
vided for the examination of health outcomes. (26)
The Georgian Bay Association (GBA) strongly endorses the principle of keeping clean areas
clean and support its application to air quality. In their comments, they provide information on
air quality monitoring in the Georgian Bay area and indicate that none of the data from the
smog season monitor at Parry Sound are included in the report. They also note that the
monitor’s location is not even shown on the map in Appendix C of the Progress Report. Data
from 2002 are included in their submission which indicate 34 days out of 59, or 57 percent of
that time, ozone readings at Parry Sound exceeded those of Toronto. They suggest that this
omission puts a question mark on the conclusions in the report. The Ozone Annex commits
Canada to reporting ozone, VOC and NO ambient air concentrations within 500 km of the
border, Parry Sound data should be included, and they expect it to be. They suggest that expo-
sure of residents to ozone may actually be higher at the cottage in the Georgian Bay area than
in the city of Toronto, although they expect the area to continue to have its traditionally good
air quality. (23)
The GBA suggests that a similar program to the U.S. program under the Clean Air Act of Pre-
vention of Significant Deterioration and protection of visibility needs to begin in Canada, and
notes ozone haze offshore over the Georgian Bay. Canada and Ontario need to move to pre-
vent significant deterioration of this ecologically significant wilderness area. Protection of visibil-
ity is an important issue for our over 4,000 families. Replacing existing coal-fired generators
with cleaner fuel would go a long way toward reducing ground-level air pollution and green-
house gases. The GBA Foundation has begun research on the effects of ozone on forest health
as ozone not only affects health of permanent residents, but also the vegetation in this sensitive
ecosystem. They are conducting ozone damage studies on tree trunk ozone sensitive lichens.
The initial work appears to demonstrate significant impact from ozone, work will continue for
the next 4 to 5 years. (23)
The Fraser Valley Regional District noted that work to implement the Ozone Annex is only being
carried out for the transboundary region, encompassing southern Ontario and southern Que-
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