TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION
    Biennial Reports -- A Tradition and a Requirement
    Previous Recommendations
    Why a Ninth Biennial Report?
    The Issue -- Toxic and Persistent Toxic Substances
    Commission Consultation -- Other Issues and Background Reports

COMPLETING THE JOURNEY
    The Journey Thus Far
    Why We Must Persist
    The Destination
       Characterization of the Agreement's Purpose

ACHIEVING THE FUTURE -- HOW TO DO IT
    Successes Thus Far
    Are We Unable to Get from Here to There?
    The Responsibility of Governments
      Legislation, Regulations and Programs
      Deregulation, Devolution and Downsizing -- "3 D"
      Voluntary Measures and Partnerships
      Investing in the Future -- Implementing Change
    Contaminant Sources, Pathways and Reservoirs
      Contaminated Sediment
      Air Pollution
      Agricultural Practices
    Areas of Concern and Lake-wide Management Plans
    Fundamental Supporting Programs
      Science and Research
      Communication of Scientific Information -- Linking Science and Policy
      Ecosystem Models -- Contributions to Problem Definition and Resolution
      Surveillance and Monitoring
         Program development
         Effects of budget cuts on monitoring
    Specific Persistent Toxic Substances
      Dioxins and Furans
      Mercury
      Polychlorinated Biphenyls
      Radioactivity
    Perspective and Orientation
      Communication and Public Participation
      Transition
      Social and Economic Value of Ecosystem Restoration and Pollution Prevention
    Governance -- The Case for Flexibility and Change
      Key Players
         Governments
         Native Americans and First Nations
         Industry
         Environmental non-governmental organizations
         Labour
         The Public
         The Commission
         All of us

RECOMMENDATIONS

SIGNATURES

APPENDIX A: 1995­97 PUBLIC CONSULTATION ACTIVITIES

APPENDIX B: INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION REPORTS ISSUED 1995-97 WITH RESPECT TO GREAT LAKES WATER QUALITY

APPENDIX C: OTHER ISSUES AND CONCERNS RAISED BY THE PUBLIC

   NOTES

   BIBLIOGRAPHY