Home  |   Contents  |   Executive Summary   |   Introduction  |   Physical Integrity  |   Biological Integrity  |   Chemical Integrity  |   Ecosystem Integrity  |   End Notes  |   Glossary  |   Signatures  |   References  |   Français


Physical Integrity

Biological Integrity

Chemical Integrity

Ecosystem Integrity


Chapter One

Physical Integrity: Impact on Great Lakes Water Quality

Advisory Committee on Watershed-based Source Protection Planning, April 2003. Protecting Ontario’s Drinking Water: Toward a Watershed-based Source Protection Planning Framework. http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/news/2003

Environment Canada, 2001. The State of Municipal Wastewater Effluents in Canada, 12 pp. Ministry of Public Works and Government Services Canada. ISBN 0-662-29972-8. http://www.ec.gc.ca/soer-ree

Haack, S.K., Lisa R. Fogarty, and Christopher Wright, 2003. Escherichia coli and Enterococci at Beaches in the Grand Traverse Bay, Lake Michigan: Sources, Characteristics, and Environmental Pathways. Environ Sci Technol (37):3275-3282 pp.

Hare, Melanie, 2001. Exploring Growth Management Roles in Ontario: Learning from “Who Does What” Elsewhere-The Ontario Professional Planners Institute. http://www.ontarioplanners.on.ca/pdf/growth_101001_position.pdf

International Joint Commission, September 10, 2003. Priorities and Progress under the Great Lakes Quality Agreement. WQB Climate Change Report. http://www.ijc.org/php/publications/html/climate/index.html

International Joint Commission, February 22, 2000. Protection of the Waters of the Great Lakes: Final Report to the Governments of Canada and the United States. http://www.ijc.org

Low Impact Development Center, 5010 Sunnyside Ave., Suite 200, Beltsville, MD 20705 USA. http://www.lid-stormwater.net/clearinghouse. Accessed on June 2, 2004.

Michigan Land Use Leadership Council, August 15, 2003. Michigan’s Land, Michigan’s Future: Final Report of the Michigan Land Use Leadership Council. Prepared for Jennifer Granholm and the Michigan Legislature. http://www.michiganlanduse.org/final_report.htm

Northeastern-Illinois Planning Commission, 2002. Strategic Plan for Water Resource Management. http://www.nipc.cog.il.us

O’Connor, D., 2002. Report of the Walkerton Inquiry: A Strategy for Safe Drinking Water, Part Two. ISBN: 0-7794-2560-X. http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca

Ontario Smart Growth, Final Report 2003. Shape of the Future: Western Ontario Smart Growth Panel. Smart Growth Secretariat, Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. http://www.smartgrowth.gov.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/nts_2_12081_1.html

Patchett, James A., March 2004. Urban Land Use Issues in the Great Lakes Basin. 4 pp. Presented to the International Joint Commission Science Advisory Board work group on parties implementation.

Patchett, James M., and Gerould S. Wilhelm, July 1999. The Ecology and Culture of Water. http://www.cdfinc.com/CDF_Resources/Ecology_and_Culture_of_Water.htm

Pitt R., M. Lilburn, S. Rocky Durrans, Steve Burian, S. Nix, John Voorhees, and Jeff Martinson, 1999. Guidance Manual for Integrated Wet Weather Flow Collection and Treatment Systems for Newly Urbanized Areas. http://www.eng.ua.edu/~rpitt/ Accessed on December 5, 2003.

Shuter, Brian J., February 2003. Changing Climate and Its Impacts on the Great Lakes, The Toledo Journal of Great Lakes Law, Science, and Policy. Proceedings of the Expert Consultation on Emerging Issues, Great Lakes Science Advisory Board, Conference. Currently in publication.

SOLEC, 2002. State of the Great Lakes Ecosystem Conference. Co-Chair, Harvey Shears, Cleveland. http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/solec/2002

SOLEC, 1996. State of the Lakes Ecosystem Conference: The Year of the Nearshore. Prepared by: Nicole Swerhun and the LURA Group, Toronto, 13-15 pp. http://www.epa.gov/grtlakes/solec/96/index.html

U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. Stormwater Education Materials and Wastewater Education Materials. Office of Wastewater Management. http://cfpub2.epa.gov/npdes/index.cfm Accessed on June 2, 2004.

Watershed Planning Implementation Project Management Committee, Final Report 1997. An Evaluation of Watershed Management in Ontario. ISBN 0-7778-5889-4 http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/techdocs/3513e.pdf