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Physical Integrity


The Impact of Urban Development on Water Quality

Science and Policy Approaches to Managing Urban Hydrology

The Impact of Urban Development on Ground Water

The Impact of Climate Change on Ground Water and Surface Water Quality






The Parties take binational actions to address the impact of urban land use on Great Lakes water quality by:

  • evaluating under what circumstances best management practices21 are effective in managing urban runoff;
  • ensuring that information on urban best management practices reaches local authorities and implementers; and
  • assessing the cumulative effects of management actions to minimize the impacts of urbanization on the Great Lakes, using the Lake Erie basin as an example