This section of the Eleventh Biennial Report on Great Lakes Water Quality results from a commitment by the International Joint Commission to systematically review progress under specified annexes of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. This report covers:
The format for this section differs from the main body of the Eleventh Biennial Report. On these topics, the Commission offers its observations while not recommending detailed solutions. With this approach, observations highlight a common understanding of a problem and recognize that a problem or issue could be addressed in a number of ways, not necessarily limited to current program emphases.
The topic of Annex 1 (Specific Objectives) illustrates this approach. There are a number of actions that could be taken by the governments of the United States and Canada to address deficiencies in Annex 1; many are well known and understood by senior officials and managers. The issue of record, however, is that Annex 1 is essential to the Agreement as a basis to quantitatively assess progress and, as such, it needs updating.
The Commission is hopeful that this approach will facilitate an
ongoing dialogue with and between the two governments by placing greater
focus on the issues and providing flexibility in the choice of workable
Finally, the Eleventh Biennial Report reviews several issues arising from its Public Forum on Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Water Quality, held October 19-20, 2001 in Montréal, Québec, including: the Lake Superior Binational Program, risk and potential impact of nuclear facilities on the Great Lakes, unmonitored chemicals, and water use.