of higher levels of organization to impart a stability and
Recommend that the Parties establish a binational
regulatory constraint on the entire system was further
Integrated Great Lakes Observing System as a key
theorized. It was speculated that the loss of biological
element of major reinvestment in Great Lakes
integrity of the Great Lakes was a critical aspect of a lack of
scientific infrastructure and to provide high
ecosystem integrity and stability.
quality scientific information for policy decisions.
Introductions of alien invasive species urgently require the
Recommend that the Parties establish an “Interna-
development of better science and technology to identify
tional Field Year for Great Lakes Research” as a
special five-year program to improve the knowl-
and treat pathways to the lakes, such as ballast water, and
to manage undesirable introduced species.  Invasive
edge and understanding of the Great Lakes basin
species are a characteristic of disturbed systems, with
accessible aquatic environments such as the Great Lakes
most vulnerable. Once introduced, invaders permanently
Ensure that the Parties:
change the ecosystem, and defy management.
-provide for adequate bilateral mechanisms to
identify and monitor previously undetected
chemicals in the environment.
-develop and implement strategies that use
Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships
The SAB recommends the following to the IJC.
to assist in the earlier identification of poten-
tial chemicals of concern.
Recommend that the Parties conduct a compre-
-increase their support of the development and
hensive review of the operation and effectiveness
validation of Quantitative Structure Activity
of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, and
Relationships to promote the cost effective use
seek public input, with a view to substantially
of chemical testing resources.
revising it to reflect a current vision of water
-establish early notification processes between
quality goals, priorities and institutional arrange-
researchers and regulatory officials to mini-
ments. Such a review should also consider greater
mize the possible injury to health and prop-
accountability for implementation and for measur-
erty as a result of the presence of new chemi-
ing progress, including a schedule of priority
actions deemed essential to achieve important
water quality goals.
Recommend that the Parties further develop
binational institutional mechanisms to enhance
Recommend that the Parties develop an ecosystem
bilateral cooperation and coordination for air,
forecasting capability within the auspices of a
land and water management in order to imple-
coherent binational monitoring, information and
ment a truly ecosystem approach for water quality
data management policy and infrastructure for the
management that involves local, state/provincial
Great Lakes to inform management and decision
and federal governments.
making, and to provide for greater public account-
ability in reporting progress.