The Great Lakes Water Quality Board
Recognizing that climate change may also be an important
factor to consider in ground water quality and quantity, the
he Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement identifies
Council built on this previous work and during the 2001-
the Great Lakes Water Quality Board as the principal
2003 biennial cycle, conducted a review of the state of
advisor to the International Joint Commission on all
knowledge about the potential impact of climate change on
issues related to the water quality of the Great Lakes
ground water quality and quantity in the Great Lakes basin.
System.  The WQB investigated the impacts of climate
change on the Great Lakes basin under the 2001-2003
Background work to identify research needs was accom-
priority dealing with climate change.
plished by utilizing resources obtained through Environ-
ment Canada’s Science Horizons program.  This program
The Council of Great Lakes Research Managers
offers recent post-secondary graduate scientists hands-on
experience working on environmental projects under the
The Council of Great Lakes Research Managers (Council)
mentorship and coaching of experienced scientists and
coordinated activities on the 2001-2003 priority dealing
program managers.  A literature review was conducted and
with climate change with the Great Lakes Water Quality
material compiled from experts who participated in the
Board.  It studied the interaction of ground water and
source water workshop held during the Montreal Public
surface water in the Great Lakes, which is an aspect of
Forum in 2001.  Workshop sessions on ground water
climate change that complimented other initiatives.  The
indicators were organized at the 2002 State of the Lakes
Council’s 1999-2001 Priorities Report underscored the
Ecosystem Conference in Cleveland, Ohio providing an
need for further research on the complex relationship
excellent forum for the exchange of ideas.
between ground water, Great Lakes water levels and coastal
wetlands.  The Council reviewed the state of knowledge
The Council wishes to thank Cheryl Martin for compiling
regarding the effects of changing land use, the relationship
this report and to recognize the input of Douglas Dodge,
of ground water and ecosystems, estimates of consumptive
Harvey Shear, Jim Nicholas, Doug Alley and all those who
use, and discharge/recharge of ground water.  That report
participated in the SOLEC 2002 sessions for helping the
made recommendations to the IJC regarding critical
Council to identify research needs associated with this
research needed to better understand ground water issues.
important issue.