system. The GIS system will include accurate and
Inventory of Watershed Retrofit Opportunities. A
current data layers on impervious cover, sewer and
smart watershed program progressively evaluates the
storm drain infrastructure, the drainage network,
potential for retrofit opportunities within all of its
storm-water outfalls, storm-water hotspots and
subwatersheds. The program often sets a numerical
industrial storm-water NPDES sites, open space,
target to guide implementation over many years (e.g. it
natural area remnants and others important features.
commits to following the three stages of retrofitting in
A smart watershed program commits to regularly
ten percent of its total watershed area within a five-year
maintain the GIS system, and make it accessible to
residents and watershed groups.
Implement Stream Restoration Projects. Utilize
Rapid Assessment of Stream Corridors. A smart
appropriate stream restoration techniques within the
watershed program conducts a rapid assessment its
context of subwatershed management plan. A smart
stream corridors on a subwatershed basis, with the
watershed program uses stream assessment data to
goal of completely assessing all stream and channel
correct existing problems and install stream restora-
miles within a three year period. In addition, a smart
tion practices in accordance with the goals and habitat
watershed program uses the assessment data to correct
objectives of the subwatershed plan.
existing problems and construct stream restoration
projects, in accordance with goals and resources for
the subwatershed plan.
Watershed and Community Forestry. Smart
watersheds programs directly link urban forestry with
watershed restoration, with the goal of increasing
Water Quality Monitoring and Reporting. A smart
healthy tree cover in the watershed. Smart watershed
watershed program takes a comprehensive approach
programs urban forests in public right of ways, vacant
to monitoring to support the implementation of
lands, parks, neighborhoods, schools and riparian
subwatershed restoration plans, by selecting key
areas. In addition, smart watersheds programs
watershed indicators, sampling to prioritize water
promote native species and provide guidance and
quality problems in subwatersheds and conducting
criteria for tree planting and forest maintenance to the
basic detective work to isolate pollution source areas.
In addition, a smart watershed program provides
timely reporting of spills, untreated wastewater
discharges and monitoring data to the public. Lastly, a
Eliminate Untreated Wastewater Discharges. A
smart watershed program promptly notifies the public
smart watershed program commits to an ongoing
in the event that it is unsafe to swim, contact water or
program to detect and eliminate any discharges of
consume fish tissue in local waters.
untreated wastewater into the watershed., including
CSOs, SSOs, and illicit or illegal discharges.
Financing for Watershed Restoration. Smart
watershed programs utilize a diverse blend of re-
Land Reclamation on Municipal Lands and Parks.
sources to finance watershed restoration, including
Smart watershed programs actively promote land
capital budgets, storm-water utilities, fee-in-lieu for
reclamation on appropriate public lands to prepare
redevelopment projects, and state and federal grants
these sites for reforestation, rain gardens, gardens and
and loans, to ensure they have the staff and resources
other community landscaping projects. As part of the
to meet their 16 smart watershed programs.
land reclamation process, compost from recycled yard
waste may be applied amend the soil at these sites.
For example, a municipality commits to divert 10
Inventory and Management of Natural Area
percent of its annual yard waste stream for land
Remnants. A smart watershed program carefully
reclamation on public lands.
inventories the remaining natural areas in a
subwatershed, and evaluates how remnant areas are
being impacted by adjacent and upstream develop-
ment. The program has an ongoing commitment to
actively manage and restore priority remnant areas.