The WQB recommends the following to the International
tural installations -- such as combined sewer overflow
Joint Commission:
controls -- and non-structural measures, to determine long-
term performance and whether specific options are
Recommend that the state of Michigan and the
appropriate and cost-effective to protect and improve water
U.S. federal government more actively engage in
quality in a particular Area of Concern.
the RAP process by providing strong and visible
direction and core funding to support the Rouge
The WQB concludes that engagement by federal, state and
River, Clinton River, and the U.S. portion of the
provincial governments, as well as knowledge and informa-
Detroit River RAPs in the planning and implemen-
tion management and transfer, are important throughout
2.4
tation of remedial programs.
the basin.
At a minimum, the governments should provide funds to
The WQB recommends the following to the IJC:
support planning, monitoring, remediation projects, and
public participation through local communities.  In
Advise the governments on the importance of
addition, the federal, state, and provincial governments are
engagement by the federal, state and provincial
in a position to provide technical expertise such as assis-
governments for all Areas of Concern in the Great
tance to implement policy guidance.  For example, they can
Lakes basin.
provide advice on the utility of such initiatives as the TMDL
(total maximum daily load) and non-point source control
Direct the Annex 2 Task Force to explore and
programs as tools to support Remedial Action Plan goals.
advise on options and alternatives for knowledge
The federal, state and provincial governments are also well
and information management and transfer.
positioned to undertake the evaluation of specific struc-
The WQB notes that the four-agency agreement for the
Detroit / St. Clair / St. Marys rivers may be a suitable mecha-
nism to facilitate coordination within and among the Areas
The WQB notes that the four-agency agreement
of Concern and with the Lake Erie Lakewide Management
Plan.  The four-agency agreement may also be a mechanism
for the Detroit / St. Clair / St. Marys rivers may be
for sharing a wide range of relevant information.
a  suitable  mechanism  to  facilitate  coordination
The WQB notes that Remedial Action Plan planning and
within and among the Areas of Concern and with
programs for the Detroit River are conducted independently
the  Lake  Erie  Lakewide  Management  Plan.    The
on the two sides of the river.  Although there are advantages
to a binational approach, the WQB has no comment at this
four-agency agreement may also be a mechanism
time.
for sharing a wide range of relevant information.
69