5.2
EXPERT CONSULTATION ON EMERGING ISSUES IN THE GREAT LAKES IN THE
ST
CENTURY
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Recommend that the Parties conduct a comprehensive review of the operation and effectiveness of the
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, and seek public input, with a view to substantially revising it to
reflect a current vision of water quality goals, priorities and institutional arrangements. Such a review
should also consider greater accountability for implementation and for measuring progress, including a
schedule of priority actions deemed essential to achieve important water quality goals.
Recommend that the Parties develop an ecosystem forecasting capability within the auspices of a coherent
binational monitoring, information and data management policy and infrastructure for the Great Lakes to
inform management and decision making, and to provide for greater public accountability in reporting
progress.
Recommend that the Parties establish a binational Integrated Great Lakes Observing System as a key
element of major reinvestment in Great Lakes scientific infrastructure and to provide high quality scien-
tific information for policy decisions.
Recommend that the Parties establish an “International Field Year for Great Lakes Research” as a special
five-year program to improve the knowledge and understanding of the Great Lakes basin ecosystem.
Ensure that the Parties:
­
provide for adequate bilateral mechanisms to identify and monitor previously undetected chemicals
in the environment.
­
develop and implement strategies that use Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships to assist in the
earlier identification of potential chemicals of concern.
­
increase their support of the development and validation of Quantitative Structure Activity Relation-
ships to promote the cost effective use of chemical testing resources.
­
establish early notification processes between researchers and regulatory officials to minimize the
possible injury to health and property as a result of the presence of new chemicals.
Recommend that the Parties further develop binational institutional mechanisms to enhance bilateral
cooperation and coordination for air, land and water management in order to implement a truly ecosys-
tem approach for water quality management that involves local, state/provincial and federal governments.
COUNCIL OF GREAT LAKES RESEARCH MANAGERS
The Council recommends the following to the IJC:
4.3
CLIMATE CHANGE – UNDERSTANDING THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON
GROUND WATER
Recommend to the Parties that research funding be directed to the following areas related to the impact
of climate change on sources of ground water in the Great Lakes basin.
­
Examine historical data to determine how climate changes have affected ground water quality and
quantity, to identify linkages between ground water and species/community distribution, to under-
stand temporal and spatial variability and to assess how physical alterations of the land surface affect
ground water recharge.
­
Improve Regional Climate Models and make them accurate for smaller scales so as to understand
linkages to ground water and runoff at scales of interest.
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