Advise the governments on the importance of engagement by the federal, state and provincial govern-
ments for all Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes basin.
Direct the Annex 2 Task Force to explore and advise on options and alternatives for knowledge and
information management and transfer.
GREAT LAKES SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD
In developing recommendations, a primary theme emerged concerning the SAB’s advisory role under the
terms of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. Simply stated, the IJC and the Parties’ ability to provide
sound and effective leadership is fundamentally dependent upon the existence of a policy and institutional
infrastructure that nurtures and provides for science-based decision support.
Toward that end, the SAB reiterates its recommendation for a thorough and expeditious review of the Great
Lakes Water Quality Agreement with an eye toward revisions that safeguard past progress on water quality
while acknowledging and addressing new priorities, ecosystem needs, scientific advances and institutional
arrangements since its last revision some 16 years ago.
The SAB recommends the following to the IJC:
1.3
CONSULTATION ON THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF MERCURY, FEBRUARY 27, 2002
Recommend that the Parties apply powerful, large scale modeling and monitoring techniques to estimate
the contribution of mercury from specific sources emitted to the atmosphere and subsequently trans-
ported and deposited into the Great Lakes. More detailed information on mercury emissions, including
the chemical species of mercury is required to refine these estimates and more effectively target activities
for reduction of mercury concentrations in the Great Lakes.
Recommend that the Parties further reduce mercury emissions, including those from coal combustion,
because mercury levels in fish are still above levels to fully protect human health and wildlife and because
there are over 2,000 fish consumption advisories for mercury in the United States and the province of
Ontario.
Recommend that the Parties undertake prospective and retrospective epidemiological studies of high
intake fish consumers and their infants in Areas of Concern and other Great Lakes area locations to better
understand potential neuro-developmental effects associated with mercury and co-contaminants such as
PCBs.
Recommend that the Parties undertake investigations of sediments and nearshore soils in Areas of Con-
cern where mercury levels in fish are elevated and where current or historical industrial sources of
mercury have been identified.
3.2
EXPERT CONSULTATION ON THE IMPACT OF URBAN AND URBANIZING DEVELOPMENT
ON GREAT LAKES WATER QUALITY
Recommend that the Parties undertake a major binational investigation and research effort on the effects
of urban and urbanizing development on Great Lakes water quality and develop a comprehensive re-
sponse to these effects.
11