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Protecting our Great Lakes: assessing the effectiveness of wastewater treatments for the removal of chemicals of emerging concern
Antonette Arvai, Gary Klecka, Saad Jasim, Henryk Melcer and Michael T. Laitta
Water Quality Research Journal of Canada, Volume 48, Number 4
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Protecting the Waters of the Great Lakes
International Joint Commission
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- International St. Lawrence River Board of Control - 123rd Progress Report
- International Osoyoos Lake Board of Control - 2014 Annual Report
- International Columbia River Board of Control - 2014 Annual Report
- 2014 Activities Report
This report summarizes activities performed by the International Joint Commission (IJC) and associated boards and task forces during the 2014 calendar year.
- A Water Quality Plan of Study for the Lake of the Woods Basin - January 2015
The Plan of Study identifies 32 projects and activities under five major challenge areas needed to improve understanding of the ecosystem health of the Basin and support a balanced, international approach to water quality management (see summary table, pg. vi)). For each recommended project, the Plan of Study outlines the objectives, description of work, possible lead and participating organizations, and timing and cost considerations.
- International Lake of the Woods Basin Water Quality Plan of Study
International Lake of the Woods Basin Water Quality Plan of Study Team2014/11/12
The International Lake of the Woods Basin Water Quality Plan of Study has been prepared to guide the International Joint Commission (IJC) in making recommendations to the Governments of Canada and the United States regarding a water quality study for the Basin. The Plan has been prepared by a binational Study Team, and builds upon considerable cooperative work and planning that has been undertaken in the Basin in recent years. The Plan of Study identifies 32 projects and activities under five major challenge areas needed to improve understanding of the ecosystem health of the Basin and support a balanced, international approach to water quality management (see summary table). For each recommended project, the Plan of Study outlines the objectives, description of work, possible lead and participating organizations, and timing and cost considerations.
- Letter to Governments on Great Lakes Adaptive Management
In the Commission’s April 2013 “Advice to Governments on the Recommendations of the International Upper Great Lakes Study”, we stated that the Commission would follow up with governments on the topic of Adaptive Management for Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Water Levels. The purpose of this letter is to transmit the Task Team’s final report for the Government’s review and comment and to provide an update on how the Commission is moving forward with adaptive management in the Great Lakes-St Lawrence River basin.
- International Red River Board, 15th Annual Progress Report
Activities during the reporting period October 01, 2013 to September 30, 2014
- International St. Lawrence River Board of Control, 122nd Progress Report
Covering the Period MARCH 27, 2014 THROUGH SEPTEMBER 23, 2014
- International Lake Superior Board of Control, Semi-Annual Progress Report
Covering the Period March 26, 2014 to September 24, 2014
- International Souris River Board, 55th Annual Report
Covering calendar year 2013
- International Niagara Board of Control - 123rd Semi-Annual Progress Report
Covering the Period March 26 through September 24, 2014
- 2013−14 Operation of the Lake Erie − Niagara River Ice Boom
International Niagara Working Committee2014/10/22
A report to the International Niagara Board of Control by the International Niagara Working Committee
- Rainy-Lake of the Woods State of the Basin Report, Second Edition
Lake Woods Water Sustainability Foundation2014/07/01
- Meeting Record April 29-30, 2014
Meeting record from the IJC's Great Lakes Science Advisory Board Meeting, held April 29-30, 2014 in Washington, D.C. including record of the Science Priority Committee and Research Coordination Committee meetings held April 30, 2014
- Lake Ontario - St. Lawrence River Plan 2014
International Joint Commission2014/06/17
This report to the Governments of Canada and the United States presents the conclusions of the International Joint Commission (IJC) investigation regarding needed changes to the 1952 and 1956 Orders of Approval for the St. Lawrence River Power Project. After years of intensive analysis and extensive consultation with governments, experts, Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence River interests, and the public, the IJC concludes that a new approach to regulating the flows and levels of the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario, Plan 2014, should be implemented as soon as possible. A summary description of Plan 2014 is included in the mainbody of this report, with further technical details provided in the annexes.
- Great Lakes Ecosystem Indicator Project Report
International Joint Commission2014/06/03
The Commission recommends 16 indicators composed of 41 measures to be the best indicators for assessing progress for the ecosystem under the new Agreement. The suite of 16 ecosystem indicators are the “few that tell us the most” and this report defines and discusses their relevance to Agreement objectives and ecosystem health conditions, their constituent measures and how the indicators should be interpreted. The ecosystem indicators provide good coverage of the Agreement Objectives and Annexes with the smallest number of indicators possible. Key gaps in the coverage, including indicators for human health and program effectiveness, will be addressed through separate projects also being conducted under the Commission’s Assessment of Progress Priority.
The Commission recommends that the governments of Canada and the United States consider using the Commission’s recommended ecosystem indicators in State of the Lakes Ecosystem Conference (SOLEC) reporting. As part of this process, the Commission also recommends that the governments review the indicators with respect to how easily they can be fully implemented and provide feedback to the Commission regarding their potential for operationalization.
A comparison of the Commission’s ecosystem indicators and ecosystem indicators in the recent SOLEC report by the governments is also included in this report as an initial step in that assessment process. While the Commission did find some overlap; 23 out of the 41 measures of IJC ecosystem indicators are defined differently from SOLEC indicators.
- 2013 Activities Report
This report summarizes activities performed by the International Joint Commission (IJC) and associated boards and task forces during the 2013 calendar year.
- STATUS REPORT ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE INTERNATIONAL RED RIVER BOARD
Prepared for the International Joint Commission Spring Semi-Annual Meeting, April 29, 2014 Washington, D.C.
- International Rainy-Lake of the Woods Watershed Board - First Annual Report
The International Joint Commission
April 9, 2014
- ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY FIRST PROGRESS REPORT to the INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION by the INTERNATIONAL ST. LAWRENCE RIVER BOARD OF CONTROL
SEPTEMBER 19, 2013 THROUGH MARCH 26, 2014
- International Lake Superior Board of Control Semi-Annual Progress Report to the International Joint Commission
Covering the period September 20, 2013 to March 25, 2014
- International Niagara Board of Control - One Hundred Twenty Second Semi-Annual Progress Report to the International Joint Commission
Covering the Period September 20, 2013 through March 25, 2014
- INTERNATIONAL ST. CROIX RIVER WATERSHED BOARD ANNUAL REPORT 2013
Covering the Orders of Approval with respect to the control of the discharge of the St. Croix River at Forest City, Vanceboro, and the water levels of East Grand Lake, Spednic Lake, Grand Falls Flowage and Milltown Dam Forebay & The Water Quality and Aquatic Ecosystem Health of the St. Croix River Boundary Waters.
- A Balanced Diet for Lake Erie: Reducing Phosphorus Loadings and Harmful Algal Blooms
International Joint Commission2014/02/27
In 2011, Lake Erie experienced its largest algal bloom in history. In 2012, the International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Lake Erie Ecosystem Priority (LEEP) in response to a growing challenge: lake-wide changes in Lake Erie related to problems of phosphorus enrichment from both rural and urban sources, compounded by the influence of climate change and aquatic invasive species. These changes have resulted in impaired water quality, with impacts on ecosystem health, drinking water supplies, fisheries, recreation and tourism, and property values. This report presents the IJC’s key findings and recommendations from the LEEP study.