International Joint Commission (IJC)
More than a century of cooperation protecting shared waters

Biennial Meetings

Under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement the IJC held Biennial Meetings to gather information from the public to better inform its assessments of progress in meeting the general provisions of the Agreement, published in its Biennial Reports.  For specific information on any of its past meetings please email

Future meetings will be held triennially.

The IJC has archived its websites for the following meetings:

2011   H2O NOW: 2011 Great Lakes Water Quality Biennial Meeting in Detroit, Michigan

2009   Great Lakes Biennial Meeting in Windsor, Ontario

2007   Sustainable Cities, Healthy Waters: 2007 Great Lakes Biennial Meeting and Conference, Chicago, Illinois

2005   Kingston Biennial Meeting, Ontario

2003   Ann Arbor Biennial Meeting, Michigan

2001  Montréal Public Forum, Quebec

1999  Milwaukee Great Lakes Water Quality Forum, Wisconsin

1997  International Joint Commission Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement Public Forum, Niagara Falls ON

1995  Public Forum on the future of Great Lakes Science, Duluth MN

Earlier Biennial Meetings  (pre websites)

1993 Windsor, Ontario

1991 Traverse City, Michigan

1989 Hamilton, Ontario

1987 Toledo, Ohio

1985 Kingston, Ontario

1983 Indianapolis, Indiana

Annual Meetings

1981 Windsor, Ontario

1980 Cleveland, Ohio

1979 Toronto, Ontario

1978 Detroit, Michigan